Episode 1 | Israel | TBN

Episode 1 | Israel

Watch Episode 1 | Israel
January 9, 2020
26:35

Dave Stotts travels to Israel, where the story of Christianity began.Drive Thru History: To the Ends of the Earth

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Episode 1 | Israel

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  • Dave Stotts: Who is the most significant person
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  • to have ever lived?
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  • This question set the stage for our previous two series
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  • of "Drive Thru History," where we explored the story
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  • of the Gospel or good news of Jesus Christ and the lives
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  • of his first century disciples.
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  • It's a fitting question now as we begin this final chapter
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  • in our trilogy.
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  • Investigating the impacts of Jesus's life
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  • throughout the 2.000 years since and his salvation's reach,
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  • as the Prophet Isaiah wrote the better part of 3.000 years
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  • ago, to the ends of the earth.
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  • The history of the Gospel of Jesus Christ
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  • throughout the world is unlike any other story.
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  • And it is, by the way, a true story.
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  • It's a story of sin and rejection, of sacrifice
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  • and forgiveness, of hardship and triumph, and most of all
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  • the ultimate power and overwhelming love of God.
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  • As we traverse the globe on this extraordinary journey, we will
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  • discover stories that inspire and amaze us, because they're
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  • human stories they'll sometimes disappoint us, but in the end
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  • undertaking a journey of this magnitude will no doubt
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  • profoundly change us.
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  • So, who is the most significant person who ever lived?
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  • We're about to go about as far as is possible to travel
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  • on the globe before actually headed back again in order
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  • to demonstrate that Jesus of Nazareth is the only viable
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  • answer to that question.
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  • This is "Drive Thru History: Ends of the Earth."
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  • Over 2.000 years ago, the man known as Jesus of Nazareth was
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  • born in a small town of Bethlehem in the land
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  • of Judea.
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  • His extraordinary life, brutal execution, and miraculous
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  • resurrection from the dead attest to the truth of his claim
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  • to be the only Son of God.
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  • This is the story of how Jesus through the lives of his
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  • faithful followers has become known around the world impacting
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  • all of human history from the first century
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  • until today.
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  • This is "Drive thru History: Ends of the Earth."
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  • The first generation of Christians had every reason
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  • to trust that their new faith would cover the earth.
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  • Jesus himself promised as much.
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  • He told his disciples that they would go throughout the world
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  • and share his truth with every nation.
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  • "Go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them
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  • in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy
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  • Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have
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  • commanded you."
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  • Matthew 28:19 and 20.
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  • Jesus also said that the Holy Spirit would empower his
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  • followers to accomplish this great work.
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  • "You will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you;
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  • and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea
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  • and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth."
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  • Acts 1:8.
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  • It seems this global charge was confirmed when the Christian
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  • church was born on the day of Pentecost in about 33 A.D.
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  • Those in attendance were from nearly every part
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  • of the known world.
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  • Lands we know today as Israel, Jordan, Syria, Iraq, Iran,
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  • Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Libya, Cyprus, Crete, Greece,
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  • Italy, and India.
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  • The early church, then was a multi-ethnic body with global
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  • aspirations all in fulfillment of the predictions of its
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  • founder Jesus of Nazareth.
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  • During the life of Jesus, the Roman Empire was vast,
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  • stretching from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Red Sea
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  • in the east, from the Danube River in the north to the Nile
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  • River in the south.
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  • The empire was built upon the administrative
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  • and military genius of Rome.
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  • Roman armies conquered the nations surrounding Italy,
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  • dominated them, and then absorbed them; their religions,
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  • their customs, and their commerce.
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  • The might of the Roman military assured order
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  • throughout the empire.
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  • It was the famous Pax Romana or peace of Rome.
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  • The Romans were builders who appreciated Hellenistic
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  • architecture and devised many innovations, including the arch
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  • and the dome, amphitheaters and stadiums, bridges
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  • and aqueducts, all helped create sprawling cities that dotted
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  • the Mediterranean landscape.
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  • Roman roads crisscrossed the empire and were of such
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  • quality that some are still in use today.
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  • Once conquered by Rome, the Greeks not only gave
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  • the empire it's language of trade, but they also gave
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  • Rome its vision of philosophy, architecture, arts,
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  • and religion.
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  • The focus of Greek artistic expression was man
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  • in his ideal form.
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  • They believe that contemplating images of perfect bodies
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  • and creations of perfect minds perfected those who looked
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  • upon them.
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  • Greek religion was open too many philosophies and many gods.
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  • People worshipped a pantheon of mythological deities,
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  • and sought the favor of lesser gods, who supposedly rules
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  • everyday life.
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  • Since Rome absorb the religions of the peoples they had
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  • conquered there were hundreds of gods worshiped
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  • in the Roman Empire.
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  • All were acceptable so long as the emperor was worshiped
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  • above all.
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  • Much of Roman life was brutal.
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  • There was a nasty disregard for human beings.
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  • Roman entertainment hardened the hearts of its citizens
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  • with theaters performing dramas that were vulgar and degrading.
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  • Roman arenas also scorched the soul but with bloodshed
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  • rather than lewdness.
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  • This was the world into which Jesus
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  • and his church were born.
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  • 00:06:57.130 --> 00:07:02.120
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  • Dave: Shortly after Jesus established his church
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  • and left the scene,
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  • Jerusalem was utterly destroyed by the Romans in 70 A.D.
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  • This was just as Jesus had prophesied.
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  • The city was demolished not one stone of Herod's magnificent
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  • temple was left upon another.
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  • Many Christians fled Jerusalem as Jesus had warned them to do,
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  • but most of the Jews were slaughtered, and the rest were
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  • banned from their Holy City.
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  • In the second and third centuries, Jerusalem still
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  • existed, but it was pagan and neglected.
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  • Christian pilgrims at that time still honored the holy sites as
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  • they could but understood that the desolation of the city was
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  • part of God's plan.
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  • After Jerusalem was destroyed, Christian leadership was forced
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  • to move elsewhere.
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  • The primary seeds of Christianity shifted
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  • to Antioch in Syria, and Alexandria in Egypt.
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  • This also ushered in an era of intellectual Christianity,
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  • where the biblical manuscripts were copied shared, and defended
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  • throughout the Mediterranean region.
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  • For a time, Caesarea Maritima replaced Jerusalem as
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  • the headquarters of Christian thoughts in Israel.
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  • Eusebius was appointed the Christian bishop of Caesarea
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  • around 314 A.D.
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  • In the beginning he was a fierce defender of biblical truth
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  • and right doctrine, often called the father of church history,
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  • Eusebius is best remembered as the author of "Ecclesiastical
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  • History," which records the first three centuries
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  • of the Christian church.
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  • He wrote the important chronological accounts in Greek
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  • but early manuscripts also survive in Latin, Syriac,
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  • and Armenian.
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  • Eusebius was later kicked out of the church for adopting
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  • bad doctrine, the heresy of Arius.
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  • Basically Arianism held that Jesus was created by God,
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  • rather than being part of the triune nature of God
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  • from the beginning.
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  • God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.
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  • Where Eusebius failed, another bishop, a man named Macarius,
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  • was a shining example of success.
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  • Macarius was my kind of guy.
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  • He loved sound Christian doctrine but he also dug history
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  • and as we'll see has a legacy of helping preserve it all
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  • over Israel.
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  • Macarius was a contemporary of Eusebius and the bishop
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  • of what remained of Jerusalem in the early 4th century.
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  • In 325, Macarius was invited to participate in the Council
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  • of Nicea.
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  • The first worldwide meeting of Christian leaders at a town
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  • just south of Constantinople, Istanbul in present day Turkey.
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  • There he helped argue against Arianism in favor
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  • of the triune nature of God, which includes Jesus Christ.
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  • Also at Nicea, Macarius convinced the new Christian
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  • Roman Emperor Constantine that neglect of the holy city
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  • of Jerusalem was an offense to God.
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  • As a result, Constantine issued an imperial order to destroy
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  • the pagan temples in the city.
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  • Then he sent his mother Helena to Jerusalem to help Macarius
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  • recover and restore the Christian holy sites.
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  • And build places of worship related to the life, death,
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  • and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
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  • Helena was empress of the Roman Empire and mother of Constantine
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  • the Great.
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  • With the royal title of Augusta, meaning majestic or venerable,
  • 00:10:51.130 --> 00:10:55.170
  • Helena had free rein over Rome's imperial treasury.
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  • In the late 320s, Helena used her financial privilege to tour
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  • Israel with Macarius, locate pilgrimage sites, and build
  • 00:11:05.020 --> 00:11:09.140
  • impressive structures to protect them.
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  • Helena had a central role in the creation of three
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  • magnificent structures that commemorate the locations
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  • of the birth, death, resurrection, and ascension
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  • of Jesus.
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  • I had to see them all.
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  • The first one in Bethlehem of course is located
  • 00:11:26.130 --> 00:11:29.120
  • in a territory known as the West Bank, a piece of land controlled
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  • by the Palestinians.
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  • It can be tricky crossing over the border, but helpful
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  • and eager cab drivers, and a lot of them,
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  • awaits on the other side.
  • 00:11:41.000 --> 00:11:43.190
  • 00:11:43.200 --> 00:11:49.130
  • This is the Church of the Nativity, built
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  • in Bethlehem to mark the location of the birth
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  • of Jesus.
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  • The cave beneath this altar is thought to be the room shared
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  • with the animals where the baby Jesus was laid in a manger.
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  • Although Helena's structure from the 4th century
  • 00:12:04.180 --> 00:12:07.040
  • was destroyed.
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  • Roman Emperor Justinian rebuilt the church in 556 A.D.
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  • Maintaining Helena's architectural style.
  • 00:12:13.200 --> 00:12:16.240
  • Incredibly this large section of Helena's original church
  • 00:12:16.250 --> 00:12:20.200
  • floors still survives.
  • 00:12:20.210 --> 00:12:22.290
  • Today the Church of the Nativity is considered the oldest
  • 00:12:23.000 --> 00:12:26.200
  • standing church in continual use.
  • 00:12:26.210 --> 00:12:31.150
  • This is the church of the Holy Sepulcher, built in Jerusalem
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  • to mark the sites where Jesus was crucified and buried.
  • 00:12:35.210 --> 00:12:40.000
  • Around 130 A.D., Roman Emperor Hadrian,
  • 00:12:40.010 --> 00:12:43.080
  • as the ultimate snub to Christians,
  • 00:12:43.090 --> 00:12:45.260
  • built a temple over the sites and dedicated it
  • 00:12:45.270 --> 00:12:48.240
  • to the mythological god Venus.
  • 00:12:48.250 --> 00:12:51.100
  • Helena destroyed Hadrian's pagan temple in about 326 and ordered
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  • the massive church of the Holy Sepulcher built in its place.
  • 00:12:56.120 --> 00:13:00.110
  • This incredible structure still induces awe
  • 00:13:00.120 --> 00:13:03.250
  • from Christian visitors.
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  • The interior is the size of a football field with one end
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  • dedicated to the traditional site of Golgotha, where Jesus
  • 00:13:09.220 --> 00:13:13.110
  • was crucified, and the other end dedicated to the traditional
  • 00:13:13.120 --> 00:13:17.060
  • site of the empty tomb or sepulcher of Jesus Christ.
  • 00:13:17.070 --> 00:13:22.220
  • 00:13:22.230 --> 00:13:31.280
  • Dave: And this is the church of the disciples built by Helena
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  • to Mark the traditional location where Jesus ascended to heaven
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  • after commissioning his followers to take his gospel
  • 00:13:39.240 --> 00:13:43.080
  • to the entire world.
  • 00:13:43.090 --> 00:13:48.200
  • By the end of the 4th century, this church atop
  • 00:13:48.210 --> 00:13:50.150
  • the Mount of Olives came to be known as the Church
  • 00:13:50.160 --> 00:13:54.050
  • of the Eleona, Eleona is Greek for olive grove,
  • 00:13:54.060 --> 00:13:58.110
  • and the location marked a cave where tradition says Jesus spent
  • 00:13:58.120 --> 00:14:02.190
  • time with his disciples and taught them
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  • the Lord's prayer.
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  • The Persians destroyed the original church
  • 00:14:07.010 --> 00:14:09.060
  • in about 614 A.D.
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  • Today this rebuilt church is known as the Church of the Pater
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  • Noster, meaning Lord's prayer in Latin.
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  • It stands right next to Helena's original church, the ruins
  • 00:14:20.190 --> 00:14:24.140
  • of which were rediscovered in the 20th century.
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  • The walls were partially rebuilt but many of the remaining stones
  • 00:14:28.030 --> 00:14:32.060
  • ended up being used as tombstones in the valley below.
  • 00:14:32.070 --> 00:14:38.060
  • The walls of the rebuilt church monastery and partially
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  • reconstructed Church of Eleona are all used to display plaques
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  • containing the Lord's prayer.
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  • Matthew chapter 6, verses 9 through 13 are represented
  • 00:14:48.270 --> 00:14:53.130
  • in over 100 different languages and dialects.
  • 00:14:53.140 --> 00:14:57.230
  • "Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be Your name.
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  • Your Kingdom come.
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  • Your will be done.
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  • On earth as it is in heaven.
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  • Give us this day our daily bread.
  • 00:15:07.120 --> 00:15:10.020
  • And forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors.
  • 00:15:10.030 --> 00:15:14.040
  • And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil."
  • 00:15:14.050 --> 00:15:20.040
  • Helena died around 330 with her son Constantine the Great
  • 00:15:25.250 --> 00:15:29.060
  • by her side.
  • 00:15:29.070 --> 00:15:30.260
  • She was buried in the Mausoleum of Helena just outside Rome.
  • 00:15:30.270 --> 00:15:35.090
  • This structure was originally built by Constantine to be his
  • 00:15:35.100 --> 00:15:38.230
  • own burial site but he gave it to his beloved mother instead.
  • 00:15:38.240 --> 00:15:44.070
  • Tradition maintains that Helena was renowned for helping
  • 00:15:44.080 --> 00:15:47.110
  • the poor and destitute.
  • 00:15:47.120 --> 00:15:49.080
  • She would visit churches and leave them with large
  • 00:15:49.090 --> 00:15:51.290
  • donations to support their surrounding communities.
  • 00:15:52.000 --> 00:15:55.060
  • In the end, Helena was revered as a devout follower of Jesus
  • 00:15:55.070 --> 00:15:59.200
  • because of her efforts to preserve Christian sites
  • 00:15:59.210 --> 00:16:02.160
  • in the Holy Land.
  • 00:16:02.170 --> 00:16:03.260
  • Israel was once again in the hearts and minds
  • 00:16:03.270 --> 00:16:06.210
  • of Christians throughout the Mediterranean region.
  • 00:16:06.220 --> 00:16:10.010
  • The accounts of Jesus and the church found in his name
  • 00:16:16.240 --> 00:16:19.240
  • comprise what we know today as the Bible's New Testament.
  • 00:16:19.250 --> 00:16:23.110
  • The written biographies of Jesus are known as the Gospels,
  • 00:16:23.120 --> 00:16:26.290
  • and the formal letters of guidance written to the early
  • 00:16:27.000 --> 00:16:29.240
  • churches are known as the Epistles.
  • 00:16:29.250 --> 00:16:32.200
  • The early decades of church history are recorded in the acts
  • 00:16:32.210 --> 00:16:36.230
  • of the Apostles.
  • 00:16:36.240 --> 00:16:38.140
  • During the first couple of hundred years after Jesus,
  • 00:16:38.150 --> 00:16:41.070
  • a variety of New Testament manuscripts individually worked
  • 00:16:41.080 --> 00:16:45.090
  • their way through the Mediterranean region.
  • 00:16:45.100 --> 00:16:50.280
  • In the late 4th century, Pope Damascus asked a scholar named
  • 00:16:50.290 --> 00:16:55.090
  • Jerome to produce one standard Latin text of the Bible.
  • 00:16:55.100 --> 00:17:00.040
  • After completing the Gospels in Rome, Jerome compiled
  • 00:17:00.050 --> 00:17:03.150
  • the best available Greek texts and traveled to Bethlehem, where
  • 00:17:03.160 --> 00:17:07.230
  • he spent the rest of his life in a hermit's cell.
  • 00:17:07.240 --> 00:17:11.010
  • Here Jerome completed a Latin translation of the entire Bible
  • 00:17:11.020 --> 00:17:15.120
  • in about 400 A.D.
  • 00:17:15.130 --> 00:17:18.010
  • Over the centuries Jerome's Latin translation was widely
  • 00:17:18.020 --> 00:17:21.280
  • adopted within the church.
  • 00:17:21.290 --> 00:17:23.240
  • By the 13th century it was known as the Versio Vulgate, meaning
  • 00:17:23.250 --> 00:17:28.110
  • the version commonly used.
  • 00:17:28.120 --> 00:17:30.120
  • In the 16th century Jerome's vulgate was adopted as
  • 00:17:30.130 --> 00:17:33.260
  • the official Latin Bible of the Catholic Church.
  • 00:17:33.270 --> 00:17:37.040
  • Jerome's contributions to biblical scholarship are
  • 00:17:37.050 --> 00:17:39.250
  • viewed so highly that he was honored with sainthood in many
  • 00:17:39.260 --> 00:17:43.100
  • Christian traditions.
  • 00:17:43.110 --> 00:17:45.050
  • Jerome was just one example of the influential scholars
  • 00:17:45.060 --> 00:17:49.120
  • and pilgrims that made their way here to Christ's homeland
  • 00:17:49.130 --> 00:17:53.020
  • between the 4th and 6th centuries.
  • 00:17:53.030 --> 00:17:56.240
  • Then came Islam.
  • 00:17:56.250 --> 00:18:00.030
  • 00:18:00.060 --> 00:18:07.110
  • Dave: In about 610 A.D. Muhammad experienced
  • 00:18:07.120 --> 00:18:10.140
  • what he claims to be a series of angelic visitations.
  • 00:18:10.150 --> 00:18:14.160
  • These visitations became the basis for Muhammad's
  • 00:18:14.170 --> 00:18:17.050
  • dictation of the Quran, the holy book of Islam, which Muslims
  • 00:18:17.060 --> 00:18:21.030
  • believed to be the final and perfect revelation of Allah.
  • 00:18:21.040 --> 00:18:24.260
  • The religion of Islam was soon established in Arabia,
  • 00:18:24.270 --> 00:18:28.250
  • but the brutal armies of Islam began pushing north to spread
  • 00:18:28.260 --> 00:18:32.250
  • their new religion by the sword.
  • 00:18:32.260 --> 00:18:35.240
  • Within 100 years Islam spread from Arabia to Egypt, Syria,
  • 00:18:35.250 --> 00:18:41.120
  • Persia and Armenia.
  • 00:18:41.130 --> 00:18:43.080
  • Then through the rest of North Africa
  • 00:18:43.090 --> 00:18:44.280
  • and to parts of India and Europe.
  • 00:18:44.290 --> 00:18:47.080
  • In fact, by 750 A.D., the map of Muslim control
  • 00:18:47.090 --> 00:18:51.190
  • looked similar to the map of Roman control
  • 00:18:51.200 --> 00:18:54.060
  • at the time of Jesus.
  • 00:18:54.070 --> 00:18:56.050
  • It was during this northward conquest that Islam
  • 00:18:56.060 --> 00:19:00.140
  • also claimed Jerusalem.
  • 00:19:00.150 --> 00:19:01.250
  • By the 8th century, the Temple Mount in Jerusalem was renamed
  • 00:19:01.260 --> 00:19:06.040
  • the Noble Sanctuary, and declared the third holiest
  • 00:19:06.050 --> 00:19:09.220
  • site in Islam.
  • 00:19:09.230 --> 00:19:11.230
  • They Al Aqsa Mosque was built on the southern portion
  • 00:19:11.240 --> 00:19:14.280
  • of the Temple Mount facing Mecca.
  • 00:19:14.290 --> 00:19:17.120
  • In the Islamic shrine known as the Dome of the Rock replaced
  • 00:19:17.130 --> 00:19:21.150
  • the ancient site of the Jewish temple.
  • 00:19:21.160 --> 00:19:24.220
  • Initially, a tense agreement was established in the city.
  • 00:19:24.230 --> 00:19:28.130
  • Muslim armies controlled the land, but Christian clergy
  • 00:19:28.140 --> 00:19:31.210
  • were allowed to maintain the Christian holy sites.
  • 00:19:31.220 --> 00:19:34.260
  • This strained arrangement lasted a while, but by the end
  • 00:19:34.270 --> 00:19:38.120
  • of the first millennium of Christianity, Islam took full
  • 00:19:38.130 --> 00:19:42.050
  • control in Jerusalem.
  • 00:19:42.060 --> 00:19:44.010
  • Christians were persecuted, pilgrims were murdered,
  • 00:19:44.020 --> 00:19:47.080
  • and holy sites were defiled.
  • 00:19:47.090 --> 00:19:50.140
  • 00:19:50.150 --> 00:19:55.140
  • 00:19:55.150 --> 00:20:01.060
  • Dave: Then starting at 1095 a pope named Urban
  • 00:20:01.070 --> 00:20:04.190
  • said that's enough and declared that the Holy Land
  • 00:20:04.200 --> 00:20:07.270
  • must be retaken by Christian Europe.
  • 00:20:07.280 --> 00:20:10.280
  • It could not be left in Muslim hands, not the very soil
  • 00:20:10.290 --> 00:20:14.210
  • on which Jesus walked.
  • 00:20:14.220 --> 00:20:16.190
  • This was so important to the pope that he offered
  • 00:20:16.200 --> 00:20:18.230
  • special indulgences, gifts of grace, for those who fought
  • 00:20:18.240 --> 00:20:23.060
  • and died in the decades of crusades that followed.
  • 00:20:23.070 --> 00:20:29.070
  • The Crusades were ugly.
  • 00:20:30.020 --> 00:20:31.230
  • Nearly 200 years of death and destruction, creating a deep
  • 00:20:31.240 --> 00:20:35.060
  • divide between Christianity and Islam that lasts
  • 00:20:35.070 --> 00:20:38.140
  • to this day.
  • 00:20:38.150 --> 00:20:40.040
  • Crusader castles dotted the Mediterranean region,
  • 00:20:40.050 --> 00:20:43.000
  • including these incredible sites in present day Turkey, Syria,
  • 00:20:43.010 --> 00:20:48.060
  • Malta, Cyprus, Lebanon, and Jordan.
  • 00:20:48.070 --> 00:20:52.030
  • Here in Israel, forts such as Nimrod Castle, Castle Pilgrim,
  • 00:20:52.040 --> 00:20:56.210
  • and Beaver Fortress are enduring testimonies to the centuries
  • 00:20:56.220 --> 00:21:00.230
  • of bloody crusades ordered to recapture a Christian holy
  • 00:21:00.240 --> 00:21:04.120
  • sites from Islamic control.
  • 00:21:04.130 --> 00:21:07.000
  • This is the Crusader fortress at Acre about 40 miles
  • 00:21:07.010 --> 00:21:10.230
  • up the Mediterranean coast from Caesarea.
  • 00:21:10.240 --> 00:21:13.220
  • During the first crusade in 1104, King Baldwin the First
  • 00:21:13.230 --> 00:21:18.050
  • conquered Acre and made it the chief port of the kingdom
  • 00:21:18.060 --> 00:21:22.030
  • of Jerusalem.
  • 00:21:22.040 --> 00:21:23.130
  • From that point on Acre was fortified with walls
  • 00:21:23.140 --> 00:21:26.260
  • and considered a key crusader foothold in the region.
  • 00:21:26.270 --> 00:21:30.150
  • By the 1130s the population of the city was around 25.000,
  • 00:21:30.160 --> 00:21:34.160
  • second only to Jerusalem in the Crusader Kingdom.
  • 00:21:34.170 --> 00:21:39.230
  • Around 1170, it became the main a crusader port
  • 00:21:39.240 --> 00:21:43.210
  • of the eastern Mediterranean.
  • 00:21:43.220 --> 00:21:48.250
  • Although Acre spent a couple of decades changing hands
  • 00:21:48.260 --> 00:21:51.220
  • in bloody battles, the city was retaken at the end of the 12th
  • 00:21:51.230 --> 00:21:56.080
  • century by forces of the Third Crusade led by King Richard
  • 00:21:56.090 --> 00:22:00.190
  • the First of England and King Philip the Second of France.
  • 00:22:00.200 --> 00:22:05.020
  • At that time, Acre was declared the effective capital
  • 00:22:05.030 --> 00:22:08.270
  • of the remnant kingdom of Jerusalem.
  • 00:22:08.280 --> 00:22:11.160
  • Ancient texts indicate the strategic importance of Acre
  • 00:22:11.170 --> 00:22:15.020
  • for crusaders trying to retake and hold Jerusalem for nearly
  • 00:22:15.030 --> 00:22:19.000
  • two centuries.
  • 00:22:19.010 --> 00:22:20.260
  • But by the end of the 13th century, Acre fell once again
  • 00:22:20.270 --> 00:22:26.260
  • to Muslim forces.
  • 00:22:26.270 --> 00:22:30.020
  • 00:22:30.030 --> 00:22:35.110
  • Dave: Can I get a pomegranate and orange mix?
  • 00:22:35.120 --> 00:22:38.130
  • Yeah.
  • 00:22:38.140 --> 00:22:40.230
  • 00:22:40.240 --> 00:22:47.070
  • Dave: Delicious and refreshing.
  • 00:22:50.220 --> 00:22:53.220
  • 00:22:53.280 --> 00:22:59.040
  • Dave: After the Crusades, the Muslim Ottoman Empire rose
  • 00:22:59.050 --> 00:23:02.220
  • to power from what is now modern day Turkey and dominated Israel
  • 00:23:02.230 --> 00:23:06.270
  • for 400 years.
  • 00:23:06.280 --> 00:23:09.060
  • Now during this period the Ottomans rebuilt
  • 00:23:09.070 --> 00:23:11.140
  • and repaired the walls of Jerusalem.
  • 00:23:11.150 --> 00:23:14.060
  • Although the main walls around the old city of Jerusalem
  • 00:23:14.070 --> 00:23:17.000
  • date to the Ottoman Empire, a number of lower sections still
  • 00:23:17.010 --> 00:23:20.260
  • show evidence of other eras.
  • 00:23:20.270 --> 00:23:23.260
  • Walking these ancient walls is a great way to experience
  • 00:23:23.270 --> 00:23:27.170
  • the history of Jerusalem, even reaching back to Herod's
  • 00:23:27.180 --> 00:23:31.120
  • Jerusalem at the time of Jesus and the incredible events
  • 00:23:31.130 --> 00:23:35.030
  • that started it all.
  • 00:23:35.040 --> 00:23:37.080
  • Although these walls were rebuilt, the city
  • 00:23:37.090 --> 00:23:39.240
  • of Jerusalem was neglected during the Ottoman era.
  • 00:23:39.250 --> 00:23:43.060
  • For another four centuries, isolated monks did their best
  • 00:23:43.070 --> 00:23:46.240
  • to maintain the Christian holy sites and keep the Christian
  • 00:23:46.250 --> 00:23:50.010
  • faith alive in a Muslim land.
  • 00:23:50.020 --> 00:23:56.020
  • Dave: World War I changed everything.
  • 00:23:59.100 --> 00:24:02.000
  • Though this war began as a conflict between European
  • 00:24:02.010 --> 00:24:04.290
  • powers, it led to the end of Ottoman control of Israel.
  • 00:24:05.000 --> 00:24:09.130
  • A Zionist movement calling for Israel to be a homeland
  • 00:24:09.140 --> 00:24:12.200
  • for the world's persecuted Jews started to build momentum.
  • 00:24:12.210 --> 00:24:16.270
  • England declared its support for Israel as a Jewish homeland
  • 00:24:16.280 --> 00:24:20.140
  • in the Balfour Declaration of 1960, and the United States
  • 00:24:20.150 --> 00:24:25.170
  • followed suit.
  • 00:24:25.180 --> 00:24:31.180
  • Then came the World War II and the death of approximately
  • 00:24:33.140 --> 00:24:37.000
  • 6 million Jews at the hands of the Nazis.
  • 00:24:37.010 --> 00:24:40.170
  • As a result, world support for a Jewish homeland peaked.
  • 00:24:40.180 --> 00:24:45.010
  • In 1948, Israel was born again as a Jewish nation.
  • 00:24:45.020 --> 00:24:50.260
  • Harry Truman, the 33rd President of the United States, declared
  • 00:24:50.270 --> 00:24:54.290
  • support of Israel 11 minutes after the country
  • 00:24:55.000 --> 00:24:58.110
  • declared independence.
  • 00:24:58.120 --> 00:25:00.130
  • Truman said, "It is my attitude that the American government
  • 00:25:00.140 --> 00:25:03.230
  • couldn't stand idly by while the victims of Hitler's madness
  • 00:25:03.240 --> 00:25:07.290
  • are not allowed to build new lives."
  • 00:25:08.000 --> 00:25:13.100
  • It was the birth of modern Israel that led to a renewed
  • 00:25:13.110 --> 00:25:16.260
  • Christian presence in the Holy Land.
  • 00:25:16.270 --> 00:25:19.110
  • Christian denominations established headquarters
  • 00:25:19.120 --> 00:25:21.280
  • in Jerusalem and planted churches throughout the country.
  • 00:25:21.290 --> 00:25:25.230
  • Christians the world over awakened to a sense
  • 00:25:25.240 --> 00:25:29.030
  • of God's rekindled calling here.
  • 00:25:29.040 --> 00:25:32.050
  • In the land where Jesus of Nazareth first
  • 00:25:32.060 --> 00:25:35.020
  • established his church.
  • 00:25:35.030 --> 00:25:37.020
  • A church destined to spread to the ends of the earth.
  • 00:25:37.030 --> 00:25:40.140
  • 00:25:41.270 --> 00:25:51.260
  • 00:25:51.270 --> 00:26:01.260
  • 00:26:01.270 --> 00:26:11.260
  • 00:26:11.270 --> 00:26:12.260
  • 00:26:12.270 --> 00:26:22.260
  • 00:26:22.270 --> 00:26:26.140
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