Elections Special with David Barton | TBN

Elections Special with David Barton

Watch Elections Special with David Barton
October 16, 2020
55:59

Join host David Barton for a special presentation during this election season.

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Elections Special with David Barton

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  • - DAVID BARTON: ELECTIONS ARE ACORE FOUNDATION OF OUR
  • 00:00:01.235 --> 00:00:02.970
  • AMERICAN GOVERNMENT.
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  • IN THE EARLY DAYS,POLITICAL DEBATES WERE
  • 00:00:04.204 --> 00:00:06.273
  • HELD IN THEATERS ANDLECTURE HALLS ACROSS
  • 00:00:06.373 --> 00:00:08.742
  • AMERICA LIKE THIS ONEDRAWING LARGE CROWDS FROM
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  • EVERY CORNER OF SOCIETY.
  • 00:00:11.578 --> 00:00:13.313
  • NOW WE ENGAGE WITH THECANDIDATES THROUGH TV
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  • SCREENS AND TWITTER FEEDSWATCHING AS THE
  • 00:00:15.482 --> 00:00:18.485
  • ELECTIONS UNFOLD.
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  • - THE SPOTLIGHT MAY BEON THE TOP CONTENDERS BUT
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  • IT'S REALLYABOUT THE PEOPLE.
  • 00:00:21.889 --> 00:00:23.524
  • TODAY WE'RE GOING TO TALKABOUT OUR ROLE AND THIS
  • 00:00:23.624 --> 00:00:25.526
  • IMPORTANTELECTION PROCESS.
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  • - BY UNDERSTANDING WHEREELECTIONS CAME FROM AND
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  • HOW THEY WORK, YOU CANHELP DETERMINE WHO WILL
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  • BE IN THE ROOM WHEN OURNATION'S MOST IMPORTANT
  • 00:00:32.866 --> 00:00:34.668
  • DECISIONS ARE BEING MADE.
  • 00:00:34.768 --> 00:00:36.203
  • TODAY'S LAW MAKERS ARETOMORROW'S
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  • HISTORY SHAPERS.
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  • I'M DAVID BARTON.
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  • - I'M TIM BARTON, ANDTHIS IS ELECTIONS.
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  • ♪♪
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  • - WE'RE GOING TO TALKABOUT ELECTIONS, BUT
  • 00:00:52.419 --> 00:00:53.587
  • BEFORE WE CAN EVEN REALLYGET THERE, WE HAVE TO ASK
  • 00:00:53.687 --> 00:00:55.589
  • THE QUESTION, HOW DOESTHE GOVERNMENT
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  • REALLY WORK?
  • 00:00:57.391 --> 00:00:58.292
  • BECAUSE WE KNOW INAMERICA WE HAVE THREE
  • 00:00:58.392 --> 00:01:00.027
  • BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENTBUT ARE THEY REALLY CO
  • 00:01:00.127 --> 00:01:02.463
  • EQUAL OR IS ONEMORE POWERFUL?
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  • CAN THE PRESIDENT JUSTMAKE LAWS,
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  • EXECUTIVE ORDERS?
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  • OR DOES THE US SUPREMECOURT DOES REALLY GET TO
  • 00:01:08.469 --> 00:01:10.270
  • DETERMINE WHATEVER ISREALLY LEGAL OR NOT LEGAL
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  • IN AMERICA?
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  • THE REASON IT MATTERSTHAT WE UNDERSTAND HOW
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  • THIS WORKS IS ASCHRISTIANS IF WE'RE GOING
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  • TO MAKE A DIFFERENCE INTHIS COUNTRY, WE NEED TO
  • 00:01:16.543 --> 00:01:18.412
  • KNOW HOW THE PROCESSWORKS SO WE CAN GET
  • 00:01:18.512 --> 00:01:20.347
  • INVOLVED IN THE PROCESS.
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  • - YEAH, KNOWING THEPROCESS REALLY
  • 00:01:21.582 --> 00:01:22.883
  • IS IMPORTANT.
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  • AS YOU EVEN GO BACK INTHE SCRIPTURES IN TIMOTHY
  • 00:01:24.284 --> 00:01:26.186
  • IT TALKS ABOUT THAT ARUNNER WHO RUNS IN A RACE
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  • HE REALLY WANTS TO WINTHE PRIZE BUT IT SAYS BUT
  • 00:01:29.123 --> 00:01:31.525
  • YOU HAVE TO RUN ACCORDINGTO THE RULES TO GET THE
  • 00:01:31.625 --> 00:01:34.328
  • CROWN, TO GET THE PRIZE.
  • 00:01:34.428 --> 00:01:35.729
  • AND SO IN OURCONSTITUTIONAL REPUBLIC
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  • THAT WE HAVE, IF YOUDON'T KNOW HOW IT
  • 00:01:38.065 --> 00:01:39.766
  • OPERATES, IF YOU DON'TKNOW THE RULES, YOU CAN'T
  • 00:01:39.867 --> 00:01:41.201
  • BE EFFECTIVE, AND WE WANTTO HAVE AN INFLUENCE ON
  • 00:01:41.301 --> 00:01:43.170
  • THE LEADERS WE CHOOSE ANDTHE POLICIES THEY MAKE.
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  • BY THE WAY, WE ARE ACONSTITUTIONAL REPUBLIC,
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  • SO RIGHT OFF THE BATWE'RE NOT A DEMOCRACY
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  • WHICH IS A REALLY GOODTHING WE'RE NOT
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  • A DEMOCRACY.
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  • WE ELECT LEADERS TOUPHOLD THE TOP POLICY
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  • WHICH IS OURCONSTITUTION, AND UNDER
  • 00:01:54.748 --> 00:01:56.817
  • THE CONSTITUTION THEYGET TO MAKE LAWS.
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  • SO WE REALLY HAVE THEBEST OF ALL SYSTEMS OF
  • 00:01:58.585 --> 00:02:01.488
  • HUMAN GOVERNMENT THAT'SAVAILABLE IN THE WORLD.
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  • - WE ALL ARE EQUAL UNDERTHE LAW AND REALLY EQUAL
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  • IN GOD'S EYES, TOO.
  • 00:02:05.759 --> 00:02:07.461
  • AND GOD HAS GIVEN USRIGHTS, AND GOVERNMENT'S
  • 00:02:07.561 --> 00:02:08.896
  • JOB IS TO PROTECTTHOSE RIGHTS.
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  • THIS IS WHAT WE SEE ASTHE PRIMARY FUNCTION AND
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  • ROLE OF GOVERNMENT, ANDAS YOU'RE MENTIONING
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  • WE'RE A CONSTITUTIONALREPUBLIC.
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  • THAT'S REALLY WHATCONSTITUTION UPHOLDS IS
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  • THIS NOTION THAT WE'REGOING TO PROTECT THE
  • 00:02:18.438 --> 00:02:19.806
  • RIGHTS OF THEINDIVIDUALS.
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  • IN FACT, NOT ONLY FROMTHE CONSTITUTION, WHEN
  • 00:02:21.475 --> 00:02:23.277
  • YOU GO FORWARD AFTER THECONSTITUTION WHEN THE
  • 00:02:23.377 --> 00:02:26.113
  • FIRST CONGRESS IS FORMED,ONE OF THEIR JOBS WAS TO
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  • WRITE A BILL OF RIGHTS.
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  • - YEAH, THE BILL OFRIGHTS WAS ACTUALLY A
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  • LISTING OR A RECOGNITIONOF MANY OF OUR GOD GIVEN
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  • INALIENABLE RIGHTSBECAUSE FOUNDERS SAID
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  • THESE ARE RIGHTSTHAT COME FROM GOD.
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  • THEREFORE THEY CAN'T BEREGULATED BY GOVERNMENT,
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  • SO IN THE BILL OF RIGHTSTHE FIRST AMENDMENT
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  • RECOGNIZES FIVE GODGIVEN, INALIENABLE RIGHTS.
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  • THE FIRST ONE IS THERIGHT OF RELIGION, AND
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  • THEN WE'VE GOT PRESS ANDSPEECH AND ASSEMBLY AND
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  • PETITION, BUT THEFIRST ONE IS RELIGION.
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  • AND IT'S NOT THAT IT SAYSGOVERNMENT, YOU GET TO
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  • ALLOW PEOPLE TO HAVERELIGIOUS EXPRESSION.
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  • IT'S NO, THE PEOPLEGET TO HAVE
  • 00:02:56.443 --> 00:02:58.045
  • RELIGIOUS EXPRESSION.
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  • GOVERNMENT, YOU CAN'TINTERFERE WITH THAT.
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  • YOU CAN'T SAY, FOREXAMPLE, THE CHURCHES ARE
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  • NOT ESSENTIAL SERVICES.
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  • THE CONSTITUTIONALREADY SAID THEY ARE.
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  • THE SECOND AMENDMENTGIVES US 2 RIGHTS THE
  • 00:03:05.719 --> 00:03:08.222
  • GOVERNMENT CAN'T TOUCH.
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  • WE HAVE THE RIGHTTO DEFEND OURSELVES
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  • INDIVIDUALLY ANDCOLLECTIVELY.
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  • THE THIRD AMENDMENT SAIDGOVERNMENT CAN'T SET UP
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  • SHOP IN YOUR HOME.
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  • YOUR HOME IS YOUR PLACE,AND THEN THE 4TH THROUGH
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  • THE 8TH AMENDMENTS AREWHAT WE CALL DUE PROCESS
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  • AMENDMENTS THATDEALS WITH JUSTICE.
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  • AND THE BIBLE IS ALLABOUT JUSTICE, SO THE
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  • RIGHT TO CONFRONTYOUR ACCUSER.
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  • ALL OF THESE THINGS INTHE BILL OF RIGHTS WERE
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  • RECOGNITION OF RIGHTSTHAT GOD GAVE TO THE
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  • PEOPLE AND THE GOVERNMENTIS SAYING ALL RIGHT,
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  • SINCE GOD GAVE YOUTHAT, WE'RE NOT
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  • MESSING WITH IT.
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  • THAT BELONGS TO YOU ANDYOU IS NEED TO ELECT
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  • LEADERS WHOUNDERSTAND THAT.
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  • IF LEADERS THINK THEYGIVE RIGHTS, THEY'RE
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  • GOING TO TRY TO REGULATETHE RIGHTS THAT
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  • GOD GAVE YOU.
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  • IF YOU UNDERSTAND THAT INEED LEADERS WHO ALREADY
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  • KNOW THAT THESE ARE GODGIVEN RIGHTS AND THEY
  • 00:03:47.060 --> 00:03:48.362
  • CAN'T TOUCH THEM, THAT'SA HUGE DIFFERENCE IN
  • 00:03:48.462 --> 00:03:50.530
  • UNDERSTANDING THE PROCESSAND ELECTING PEOPLE WHO
  • 00:03:50.631 --> 00:03:53.066
  • WILL UPHOLD THAT PROCESS.
  • 00:03:53.166 --> 00:03:54.501
  • - YEAH.
  • 00:03:54.601 --> 00:03:55.502
  • AND TODAY WE HEAR SOOFTEN THAT THERE ARE
  • 00:03:55.602 --> 00:03:56.670
  • CO-EQUAL BRANCHES, ANDTHIS IS WHAT IT SEEMINGLY
  • 00:03:56.770 --> 00:03:59.873
  • EVERYBODY SAYS EXCEPTIF YOU LOOK AT THE
  • 00:03:59.973 --> 00:04:02.442
  • CONSTITUTION, IT DOESN'TREALLY SEEM LIKE THEY'RE
  • 00:04:02.542 --> 00:04:04.444
  • CO EQUAL IN THECONSTITUTION.
  • 00:04:04.544 --> 00:04:05.779
  • - NO, IT'S NOT.
  • 00:04:05.879 --> 00:04:07.014
  • AND THE CONSTITUTION ISVERY GOOD ABOUT TELLING
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  • EACH BRANCHWHAT IT CAN DO.
  • 00:04:08.882 --> 00:04:10.684
  • AND SO ARTICLE 1 OF THECONSTITUTION SAYS OKAY,
  • 00:04:10.784 --> 00:04:13.320
  • CONGRESS, HERE'SYOUR STUFF.
  • 00:04:13.420 --> 00:04:15.188
  • HERE'S WHAT YOUCAN ADDRESS.
  • 00:04:15.289 --> 00:04:16.523
  • HERE'S WHAT YOU CAN PASSLAWS ON AND THE SECOND
  • 00:04:16.623 --> 00:04:19.026
  • ARTICLE IS MR. PRESIDENT,HERE'S WHAT YOU GET TO
  • 00:04:19.126 --> 00:04:21.395
  • DO, AND THE THIRD ARTICLEIS JUDGES, HERE'S WHAT
  • 00:04:21.495 --> 00:04:23.764
  • THE FEDERAL JUDICIARYDOES, SO THE CONSTITUTION
  • 00:04:23.864 --> 00:04:27.167
  • MAKES VERY CLEAR THREESILOS IF YOU WILL.
  • 00:04:27.267 --> 00:04:30.470
  • THESE ARE DISTINCT AREAS,AND THIS IS WHAT YOU GET
  • 00:04:30.570 --> 00:04:32.639
  • TO DO AND YOU DON'T GETTO DO THE OTHER STUFF, SO
  • 00:04:32.739 --> 00:04:34.708
  • JUDGES DON'TGET TO MAKE LAW.
  • 00:04:34.808 --> 00:04:37.077
  • ONLY DO JUDGES NOT GET TOMAKE LAW, THE PRESIDENT
  • 00:04:37.177 --> 00:04:40.080
  • DOESN'T GET TO MAKE LAW.
  • 00:04:40.180 --> 00:04:42.049
  • HE CAN ISSUE EXECUTIVEORDERS, BUT IT CAN'T BE
  • 00:04:42.149 --> 00:04:44.017
  • LAWS THAT HE ISSUES.
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  • HE CAN SAY ALL RIGHT,UNDER THE LAW THIS IS HOW
  • 00:04:45.652 --> 00:04:47.654
  • WE APPLY IT, BUT ONLYCONGRESS GETS TO
  • 00:04:47.754 --> 00:04:50.557
  • MAKE LAWS.
  • 00:04:50.657 --> 00:04:51.591
  • - AND SPECIFICALLY SOUNDER EXECUTIVE ORDERS
  • 00:04:51.692 --> 00:04:53.493
  • THERE ARE THINGS HE CANSAY WE'RE GOING TO DO
  • 00:04:53.593 --> 00:04:54.995
  • THIS, BUT HE CAN ONLYMAKE LAWS SO TO SPEAK OF
  • 00:04:55.095 --> 00:04:58.832
  • WHAT FALLS UNDER HISDISTINCT JURISDICTION.
  • 00:04:58.932 --> 00:05:01.034
  • - THAT'S RIGHT.
  • 00:05:01.134 --> 00:05:02.102
  • - AND SO WHEN YOU LOOKAT THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH
  • 00:05:02.202 --> 00:05:03.570
  • OR THE ONES THAT EXECUTETHE LAWS, THE ONES THAT
  • 00:05:03.670 --> 00:05:05.138
  • ENFORCE THE LAWS, SO HEACTUALLY CAN SAY THIS IS
  • 00:05:05.238 --> 00:05:07.307
  • HOW WE'RE GOING TOENFORCE THE LAW.
  • 00:05:07.407 --> 00:05:08.942
  • AND YOU MIGHT ARGUE WELL,HE JUST PASSED A LAW.
  • 00:05:09.042 --> 00:05:10.777
  • WELL, HE CAN PASS IT IFIT'S IN HIS SPHERE OF
  • 00:05:10.877 --> 00:05:13.847
  • JURISDICTION BUT NOTWHEN IT COMES TO -THE
  • 00:05:13.947 --> 00:05:15.782
  • PRESIDENT CAN'T DICTATEWHAT'S THE SPEED LIMIT IS
  • 00:05:15.882 --> 00:05:17.718
  • GOING TO BE.
  • 00:05:17.818 --> 00:05:18.985
  • THAT'S OUT OF HISJURISDICTION.
  • 00:05:19.086 --> 00:05:20.220
  • THAT IS WHAT THELEGISLATIVE BRANCH
  • 00:05:20.320 --> 00:05:21.688
  • WOULD DO.
  • 00:05:21.788 --> 00:05:22.889
  • - SO WHEN YOU LOOK ATTHE THREE BRANCHES, IT'S
  • 00:05:22.989 --> 00:05:24.257
  • INTERESTING IN THECONSTITUTION THE
  • 00:05:24.358 --> 00:05:26.193
  • LEGISLATIVE BRANCH WHICHMAKES THE LAW, IT'S THE
  • 00:05:26.293 --> 00:05:27.928
  • LONGEST PART OF THECONSTITUTION BY FAR.
  • 00:05:28.028 --> 00:05:30.464
  • THE PRESIDENT IS THE NEXTLONGEST PORTION, BUT THE
  • 00:05:30.564 --> 00:05:34.167
  • SHORTEST PART BY FAR ISABOUT FEDERAL JUDGES
  • 00:05:34.267 --> 00:05:37.371
  • BECAUSE WE DON'TELECT FEDERAL JUDGES.
  • 00:05:37.471 --> 00:05:39.139
  • NOW, SOME STATES ELECTTHEIR JUDGES, BUT THE
  • 00:05:39.239 --> 00:05:40.874
  • FEDERAL JUDGES WE DON'TELECT SO THEY GET THE
  • 00:05:40.974 --> 00:05:42.876
  • LEAST AMOUNT OF POWER,THE LEAST AMOUNT OF
  • 00:05:42.976 --> 00:05:44.911
  • INFLUENCE OVER OUR LIVESBECAUSE THEY'RE NOT
  • 00:05:45.011 --> 00:05:47.047
  • DIRECTLYACCOUNTABLE TO US.
  • 00:05:47.147 --> 00:05:48.849
  • SO UNDERSTANDING THATHELPS US WHEN WE CHOOSE
  • 00:05:48.949 --> 00:05:51.017
  • OUR LEADERS.
  • 00:05:51.118 --> 00:05:52.252
  • IF WE CHOOSE A PRESIDENTOR A SENATOR OR CONGRESSMAN
  • 00:05:52.352 --> 00:05:53.520
  • WE NEED TO KNOW WENEED TO CHOOSE PEOPLE
  • 00:05:53.620 --> 00:05:55.956
  • THAT ARE NOT GOING TODEFER TO THE JUDGES AND
  • 00:05:56.056 --> 00:05:58.191
  • SAY WELL, WHATEVER THEJUDGES SAYS THAT'S THE
  • 00:05:58.291 --> 00:06:00.394
  • LAW OF THE LAND.
  • 00:06:00.494 --> 00:06:01.561
  • NO, THAT'S NOT THE WAYTHE SYSTEM IS DESIGNED,
  • 00:06:01.661 --> 00:06:03.663
  • AND THAT'S REALLYIMPORTANT FOR US TO
  • 00:06:03.764 --> 00:06:05.265
  • UNDERSTAND WHEN WEGO INTO ELECTIONS.
  • 00:06:05.365 --> 00:06:06.700
  • - YEAH.
  • 00:06:06.800 --> 00:06:07.801
  • AND KNOWING THERE'S THREEBRANCHES WE RECOGNIZE
  • 00:06:07.901 --> 00:06:09.102
  • THAT'S BECAUSE THERE ISGOING TO BE A SEPARATION
  • 00:06:09.202 --> 00:06:10.704
  • OF POWERS.
  • 00:06:10.804 --> 00:06:11.805
  • THE FOUNDING FATHERS KNEWBECAUSE SIN EXISTS, THEN
  • 00:06:11.905 --> 00:06:14.307
  • WE CANNOT GIVE TOO MUCHPOWER TO ONE GROUP, TO
  • 00:06:14.408 --> 00:06:17.144
  • ONE ORGANIZATION BECAUSETHEY MIGHT HAVE
  • 00:06:17.244 --> 00:06:19.780
  • SINFUL HEARTS.
  • 00:06:19.880 --> 00:06:20.914
  • THEY MIGHT DO BAD THINGS,SO THEY WANTED THERE TO
  • 00:06:21.014 --> 00:06:22.249
  • BE CHECKS AND BALANCES,SO THEY INTENTIONALLY
  • 00:06:22.349 --> 00:06:24.151
  • DIVIDED UP THOSE BRANCHESTO MAKE SURE THERE WOULD
  • 00:06:24.251 --> 00:06:27.621
  • BE THAT SEPARATION OFPOWER SO ONE BRANCH
  • 00:06:27.721 --> 00:06:29.289
  • COULDN'T TELL EVERYBODYIN THE WHOLE UNITED
  • 00:06:29.389 --> 00:06:31.892
  • STATES OF AMERICA WHAT TODO, BUT IN THE MIDST OF
  • 00:06:31.992 --> 00:06:33.727
  • THAT WE REALLY NEED TO DOA LITTLE DEEPER DIVE INTO
  • 00:06:33.827 --> 00:06:36.563
  • THE THREE BRANCHES OFGOVERNMENT AND LET'S
  • 00:06:36.663 --> 00:06:38.165
  • FIGURE OUT ARE THEYREALLY CO EQUAL AND WHICH
  • 00:06:38.265 --> 00:06:40.600
  • ONE REALLY ISMORE POWERFUL?
  • 00:06:40.700 --> 00:06:43.103
  • - HOW DO THE THREEBRANCHES OF THE US
  • 00:06:46.740 --> 00:06:47.908
  • GOVERNMENT WORK TOGETHER?THE GOVERNMENT OF THE
  • 00:06:48.008 --> 00:06:50.410
  • UNITED STATES IS MADEUP OF 3 BRANCHES, THE
  • 00:06:50.510 --> 00:06:53.280
  • LEGISLATIVE, THEEXECUTIVE, AND
  • 00:06:53.380 --> 00:06:55.649
  • THE JUDICIAL.
  • 00:06:55.749 --> 00:06:56.750
  • EACH BRANCH HAS THEUNIQUE RESPONSIBILITY IN
  • 00:06:56.850 --> 00:06:58.652
  • THE LAW MAKING PROCESS.
  • 00:06:58.752 --> 00:07:00.153
  • THE SEPARATION OF POWERSWAS CREATED IN ORDER TO
  • 00:07:00.253 --> 00:07:02.622
  • KEEP ALL THE CONTROL FROMBEING IN THE HANDS OF ANY
  • 00:07:02.722 --> 00:07:05.125
  • ONE PERSON OR GROUP.
  • 00:07:05.225 --> 00:07:07.060
  • THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCHMAKES THE LAWS.
  • 00:07:07.160 --> 00:07:09.696
  • THIS BRANCH IS MADE UPOF THE CONGRESS WHICH
  • 00:07:09.796 --> 00:07:12.232
  • INCLUDES THE SENATEAND THE HOUSE OF
  • 00:07:12.332 --> 00:07:13.800
  • REPRESENTATIVES WHOSEMEMBERS ARE ELECTED BY
  • 00:07:13.900 --> 00:07:16.002
  • THE PEOPLE.
  • 00:07:16.102 --> 00:07:17.270
  • IN THIS BRANCH IS THECONGRESSIONAL MEMBERS
  • 00:07:17.370 --> 00:07:19.239
  • INTRODUCE BILLS WHICHARE IDEAS FOR NEW LAWS.
  • 00:07:19.339 --> 00:07:21.908
  • THE EXECUTIVE BRANCHCARRY OUT THE LAWS.
  • 00:07:22.008 --> 00:07:23.477
  • THIS BRANCH THE PRESIDENTAND THE VICE PRESIDENT
  • 00:07:23.577 --> 00:07:28.014
  • WHO ARE ELECTED BY THEPEOPLE AND CABINET THAT
  • 00:07:28.114 --> 00:07:30.517
  • HE APPOINTS.
  • 00:07:30.617 --> 00:07:31.751
  • A BILL CANNOT BECOME ALAW UNTIL IT IS PASSED
  • 00:07:31.852 --> 00:07:33.787
  • THROUGH THE EXECUTIVEBRANCH WHERE IT IS EITHER
  • 00:07:33.887 --> 00:07:36.223
  • VETOED OR APPROVED.
  • 00:07:36.323 --> 00:07:37.858
  • THIS BRANCHENFORCES THE LAWS.
  • 00:07:37.958 --> 00:07:39.526
  • THE JUDICIAL BRANCHINTERPRETS APPLICATION OF
  • 00:07:39.626 --> 00:07:41.761
  • THE LAW.
  • 00:07:41.862 --> 00:07:42.963
  • THIS BRANCH IS MADE UPOF THE SUPREME COURT AND
  • 00:07:43.063 --> 00:07:44.764
  • OTHER FEDERAL COURTS ANDTHEIR JUDGES WHICH THE
  • 00:07:44.865 --> 00:07:47.234
  • PRESIDENT APPOINTS.
  • 00:07:47.334 --> 00:07:48.602
  • THEY ENSURE THAT THE LAWSARE APPLIED ACCORDING TO
  • 00:07:48.702 --> 00:07:51.071
  • THE CONSTITUTION.
  • 00:07:51.171 --> 00:07:52.506
  • EACH BRANCH HAS SPECIFICFUNCTIONS BUT THE
  • 00:07:52.606 --> 00:07:55.008
  • BRANCHES ELECTED BY THEPEOPLE WERE CREATED TO
  • 00:07:55.108 --> 00:07:57.010
  • HAVE THE MOST POWER.
  • 00:07:57.110 --> 00:07:58.478
  • THIS WAS TO ENSURE A SAFEBALANCE OF POWER BETWEEN
  • 00:07:58.578 --> 00:08:01.281
  • THE PEOPLE ANDTHE GOVERNMENT.
  • 00:08:01.381 --> 00:08:03.984
  • - KNOWING THESECONSTITUTIONAL PRINCIPLES
  • 00:08:04.084 --> 00:08:05.418
  • AND THE ROLES ANDRESPONSIBILITIES THAT OUR
  • 00:08:05.519 --> 00:08:06.853
  • ELECTED OFFICIALS ORAPPOINTED OFFICIALS HAVE
  • 00:08:06.953 --> 00:08:09.322
  • HELPS US BE ABLE TO KEEPTHEM ACCOUNTABLE, AND WE
  • 00:08:09.422 --> 00:08:11.825
  • CAN'T FORGET THEIMPORTANCE OF THE ROLE WE
  • 00:08:11.925 --> 00:08:13.793
  • PLAY IN THE CHECKSAND BALANCES.
  • 00:08:13.894 --> 00:08:15.662
  • - BUT JUST AS WE AREKIND OF IGNORING THE RULE
  • 00:08:15.762 --> 00:08:18.064
  • BOOK ON THE THREEBRANCHES, WE ALSO IGNORE
  • 00:08:18.164 --> 00:08:21.868
  • THE SEPARATION OF POWERSHORIZONTALLY BECAUSE YOU
  • 00:08:21.968 --> 00:08:25.338
  • GET THIS VERTICALSEPARATION OF POWERS
  • 00:08:25.438 --> 00:08:26.973
  • BETWEEN THE THREEBRANCHES BUT THE FOUNDING
  • 00:08:27.073 --> 00:08:29.042
  • FATHERS ALSO SAID WAIT AMINUTE, YOU'VE GOT STATE
  • 00:08:29.142 --> 00:08:31.077
  • AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTSAS WELL AS THE FEDERAL
  • 00:08:31.177 --> 00:08:32.812
  • GOVERNMENT, AND WE WANTTO MAKE SURE THE FEDERAL
  • 00:08:32.913 --> 00:08:34.447
  • GOVERNMENT CAN'T TAKEOVER THE STATE AND LOCAL.
  • 00:08:34.548 --> 00:08:36.650
  • SO WHAT THEY DID IN THECONSTITUTION IS SAID
  • 00:08:36.750 --> 00:08:38.752
  • THERE'S 17 AREAS THEFEDERAL GOVERNMENT IS
  • 00:08:38.852 --> 00:08:41.321
  • ALLOWED TO OPERATE THEM.
  • 00:08:41.421 --> 00:08:42.622
  • WE CALL THEMENUMERATED POWERS.
  • 00:08:42.722 --> 00:08:44.324
  • OTHER THAN THOSE 17AREAS, THE CONSTITUTION
  • 00:08:44.424 --> 00:08:47.594
  • SAYS EVERYTHING ELSEBELONGS TO THE STATES AND
  • 00:08:47.694 --> 00:08:49.996
  • THE PEOPLE WHICH INCLUDESTHINGS LIKE EDUCATION
  • 00:08:50.096 --> 00:08:52.599
  • WHICH IS NOT A FEDERALTHING AND TRANSPORTATION,
  • 00:08:52.699 --> 00:08:56.436
  • ALL THESE THINGS THATHAVE BECOME SO FEDERAL.
  • 00:08:56.536 --> 00:09:00.140
  • THAT'S NOT INTHE RULE BOOK.
  • 00:09:00.240 --> 00:09:01.641
  • SO THAT'S WHY IT BECOMESIMPORTANT FOR US TO KNOW
  • 00:09:01.741 --> 00:09:04.344
  • THE RULES SO WE CAN ELECTPEOPLE TO OFFICE WHO WILL
  • 00:09:04.444 --> 00:09:07.581
  • UPHOLD THE RULE BOOK ANDPLAY BY THE RULES BECAUSE
  • 00:09:07.681 --> 00:09:10.283
  • AMERICA IS THE MOSTSTABLE NATION IN THE
  • 00:09:10.383 --> 00:09:12.786
  • HISTORY OF THE WORLDBECAUSE WE HAVE FOLLOWED
  • 00:09:12.886 --> 00:09:14.888
  • THAT RULE BOOKFOR SO LONG.
  • 00:09:14.988 --> 00:09:16.623
  • BUT THE FURTHERING WE GETAWAY FROM IT, THE LESS
  • 00:09:16.723 --> 00:09:18.058
  • STABLE WE BECOME.
  • 00:09:18.158 --> 00:09:19.359
  • - YEAH, AND THE REASONHE MENTIONED THIS
  • 00:09:19.459 --> 00:09:20.560
  • NOTION OF FEDERALISMTHAT THERE'S A SEPARATION
  • 00:09:20.660 --> 00:09:22.128
  • BETWEEN THE FEDERALGOVERNMENTS AND STATE
  • 00:09:22.228 --> 00:09:23.897
  • GOVERNMENTS, THE REASONTHAT MATTERS AND THE
  • 00:09:23.997 --> 00:09:26.366
  • REASON SO MANY THINGS THEFEDERAL GOVERNMENT DOES
  • 00:09:26.466 --> 00:09:27.534
  • NOW THEY WEREN'T SUPPOSEDTO DO IS BECAUSE IT'S
  • 00:09:27.634 --> 00:09:29.636
  • BETTER TO HAVE THAT THEYLOCAL LEVEL WHERE THERE
  • 00:09:29.736 --> 00:09:31.905
  • IS MORE ACCOUNTABILITYAND MORE CONTROL.
  • 00:09:32.005 --> 00:09:33.406
  • IF YOU THINK ABOUT PEOPLEIN WASHINGTON DC HOW
  • 00:09:33.506 --> 00:09:36.109
  • OFTEN DO YOU SEE YOURCONGRESSMAN OR YOUR
  • 00:09:36.209 --> 00:09:38.044
  • SENATOR WALKING DOWN THESTREET OR AT THE
  • 00:09:38.144 --> 00:09:39.713
  • LOCAL WAL-MART?
  • 00:09:39.813 --> 00:09:40.814
  • HARDLY NEVER EVEREVER DO YOU SEE THAT.
  • 00:09:40.914 --> 00:09:43.083
  • WELL, THEN THEY'RE NOTREALLY THAT ACCOUNTABLE
  • 00:09:43.183 --> 00:09:44.718
  • TO YOU IF YOU CAN'T GO UPAND SAY HEY, WHAT YOU DID
  • 00:09:44.818 --> 00:09:46.219
  • THAT WASN'T RIGHT,THAT WASN'T GREAT.
  • 00:09:46.319 --> 00:09:48.088
  • THEY'RE NOT GOING TO BEAS RESPONSIVE
  • 00:09:48.188 --> 00:09:51.191
  • TO WHAT THE PEOPLE WANT,SO THE IDEA WAS THERE
  • 00:09:51.291 --> 00:09:53.460
  • SHOULD BE MORE THINGSTHEY LOCAL LEVEL.
  • 00:09:53.560 --> 00:09:56.229
  • AT THE STATE LEVELWHERE THERE'S GREATER
  • 00:09:56.329 --> 00:09:57.897
  • ACCOUNTABILITY TO THEPEOPLE AND THE PEOPLE CAN
  • 00:09:57.998 --> 00:10:00.033
  • DETERMINE THOSEDIRECTIONS BETTER.
  • 00:10:00.133 --> 00:10:01.267
  • AND THE IDEA WAS, AND ITHINK ABRAHAM LINCOLN WAS
  • 00:10:01.368 --> 00:10:03.637
  • THE GUY WHO POINTEDOUT THAT THE GOVERNMENT
  • 00:10:03.737 --> 00:10:05.305
  • SHOULD ONLY DO FOR PEOPLEWHAT THEY CANNOT DO
  • 00:10:05.405 --> 00:10:07.007
  • FOR THEMSELVES.
  • 00:10:07.107 --> 00:10:08.475
  • WELL, THERE'S A LOTOF THINGS THE FEDERAL
  • 00:10:08.575 --> 00:10:10.377
  • GOVERNMENT IS DOINGNOW, AND THEY'VE ALMOST
  • 00:10:10.477 --> 00:10:12.779
  • ARBITRARILYTAKEN THAT POWER.
  • 00:10:12.879 --> 00:10:14.581
  • THAT'S NOT REALLYTHEIR ROLE.
  • 00:10:14.681 --> 00:10:15.982
  • BUT AS YOU MENTION IF WEDON'T KNOW WHAT THE RULE
  • 00:10:16.082 --> 00:10:18.718
  • BOOK SAYS, THEN WE CANNEVER SAY UM, YOU'RE NOT
  • 00:10:18.818 --> 00:10:21.221
  • SUPPOSED TO DO THAT.
  • 00:10:21.321 --> 00:10:22.622
  • AND THIS IS WHY ITMATTERS THAT WE COME TO
  • 00:10:22.722 --> 00:10:24.491
  • LEARN WHAT THIS RULE BOOKSO TO SPEAK SAYS BUT ALSO
  • 00:10:24.591 --> 00:10:27.193
  • THAT WE EVEN UNDERSTANDTHE DISTINCTIONS,
  • 00:10:27.293 --> 00:10:29.362
  • THE JURISDICTIONS.
  • 00:10:29.462 --> 00:10:30.430
  • THERE'S THREE BRANCHES,AND THAT IS ALSO THE
  • 00:10:30.530 --> 00:10:32.265
  • STATE LEVEL AND THEFEDERAL LEVEL, BUT INSIDE
  • 00:10:32.365 --> 00:10:33.900
  • THOSE THREE BRANCHESTHERE'S JURISDICTIONS,
  • 00:10:34.000 --> 00:10:36.236
  • AND THEN THE STATES HAVEPOWER THAT THE GOVERNMENT
  • 00:10:36.336 --> 00:10:37.570
  • DOESN'T HAVE, SO IT DOESMATTER THAT WE KIND OF
  • 00:10:37.671 --> 00:10:40.707
  • LEARN AND SEE THOSEDISTINCTIONS SO WE CAN
  • 00:10:40.807 --> 00:10:42.142
  • HAVE ACCOUNTABILITYWHICH IS REALLY WHAT OUR
  • 00:10:42.242 --> 00:10:44.210
  • GOVERNMENT NEEDSTO OPERATE WELL.
  • 00:10:44.310 --> 00:10:46.246
  • - YEAH.
  • 00:10:46.346 --> 00:10:47.347
  • IT NEEDS ACCOUNTABILITYAND ACTUALLY THAT RULE
  • 00:10:47.447 --> 00:10:49.516
  • BOOK ONE OF THE THINGSTHAT HAPPENED WHEN WE
  • 00:10:49.616 --> 00:10:51.284
  • ADDED THE BILL OF RIGHTSWHICH IS THE LISTING OF
  • 00:10:51.384 --> 00:10:53.253
  • ALL THE SPECIFIC THINGSGOVERNMENT CAN'T TOUCH,
  • 00:10:53.353 --> 00:10:55.488
  • THOSE WHO WROTE THAT BILLOF RIGHTS TO TAKE THAT
  • 00:10:55.588 --> 00:10:58.091
  • POWER AWAY FROM THEGOVERNMENT ALSO SAID THE
  • 00:10:58.191 --> 00:10:59.859
  • MOST IMPORTANT PART OFTHE BILL OF RIGHTS WERE
  • 00:10:59.959 --> 00:11:01.461
  • THE NINTH AND THETENTH AMENDMENTS.
  • 00:11:01.561 --> 00:11:03.396
  • THE TENTH AMENDMENTSAYS STATES, FEDERAL
  • 00:11:03.496 --> 00:11:06.099
  • GOVERNMENT, HERE'S THEDEAL, IF WE DID NOT IN
  • 00:11:06.199 --> 00:11:08.768
  • THE CONSTITUTIONSPECIFICALLY SAY THE
  • 00:11:08.868 --> 00:11:11.137
  • FEDERAL GOVERNMENT CAN DOTHIS, THEN THE STATES GET
  • 00:11:11.237 --> 00:11:13.273
  • TO DO IT, SO EVERYTHINGTHAT'S NOT SPECIFICALLY
  • 00:11:13.373 --> 00:11:15.809
  • CALLED OUT, AND THAT'STHOSE 17 ENUMERATED
  • 00:11:15.909 --> 00:11:18.011
  • POWERS, SO THE TENTHAMENDMENT SAYS IF IT'S
  • 00:11:18.111 --> 00:11:20.413
  • NOT ONE OF THOSE 17 THESTATES GET TO DO IT.
  • 00:11:20.513 --> 00:11:22.515
  • AND THE 9TH AMENDMENTSAYS WE'VE LISTED A LOT
  • 00:11:22.615 --> 00:11:24.951
  • OF RIGHTS HERE IN THEBILL OF RIGHTS BUT WE
  • 00:11:25.051 --> 00:11:26.720
  • DIDN'T LIST ALL OF THEM.
  • 00:11:26.820 --> 00:11:27.854
  • WE LISTED RELIGION ANDPETITION AND SPEECH AND
  • 00:11:27.954 --> 00:11:29.556
  • ASSEMBLY AND SELFDEFENSE, BUT IT SAYS
  • 00:11:29.656 --> 00:11:32.025
  • THERE'S MANY MORE RIGHTSTHAT THE PEOPLE RETAIN.
  • 00:11:32.125 --> 00:11:35.161
  • IN OTHER WORDS,IT'S THERE POWER.
  • 00:11:35.261 --> 00:11:36.396
  • THEY DIDN'T GIVE ITTO THE GOVERNMENT.
  • 00:11:36.496 --> 00:11:37.430
  • THE GOVERNMENT CAN'TEXERCISE THAT, SO
  • 00:11:37.530 --> 00:11:39.299
  • UNDERSTANDIN A LIMITEDGOVERNMENT IS REALLY KEY,
  • 00:11:39.399 --> 00:11:41.901
  • AND THIS IS WHEREELECTING PEOPLE TO OFFICE
  • 00:11:42.001 --> 00:11:44.037
  • IS SO IMPORTANT BECAUSEPEOPLE COME INTO OFFICE
  • 00:11:44.137 --> 00:11:46.206
  • WITH A PHILOSOPHY, AND IFTHEIR PHILOSOPHY IS YOU
  • 00:11:46.306 --> 00:11:48.508
  • NEED MORE GOVERNMENT ANDGOVERNMENT CAN DO SO MUCH
  • 00:11:48.608 --> 00:11:51.411
  • MORE FOR YOU THAN YOU CANFOR YOURSELF, AND I NEED
  • 00:11:51.511 --> 00:11:53.480
  • TO TELL YOU WHAT RIGHTSYOU SHOULD EXERCISE
  • 00:11:53.580 --> 00:11:55.415
  • BECAUSE SOME ARE MOREIMPORTANT THAN OTHERS, IF
  • 00:11:55.515 --> 00:11:57.183
  • WE ELECT PEOPLE LIKETHAT THEY WILL DO THAT.
  • 00:11:57.283 --> 00:11:59.619
  • AND AS A RESULT WE'LL GETAWAY FROM THE RULE BOOK
  • 00:11:59.719 --> 00:12:03.123
  • THAT REALLY HAS CAUSEDUS TO BE THE MOST STABLE
  • 00:12:03.223 --> 00:12:05.125
  • NATION IN THE WORLD.
  • 00:12:05.225 --> 00:12:06.459
  • - YEAH, ONE OF THEIDEAS THAT HAS BEEN LONG
  • 00:12:06.559 --> 00:12:08.862
  • EXPLAINED AND DEFENDED ANDPURPORTED
  • 00:12:08.962 --> 00:12:11.498
  • IN AMERICA IS THATGOVERNMENT'S PRIMARY
  • 00:12:11.598 --> 00:12:13.767
  • ROLE IS PROTECT THERIGHTS OF INDIVIDUALS.
  • 00:12:13.867 --> 00:12:15.568
  • AND THIS IS SOMETHINGWE'RE SEEING MORE AND
  • 00:12:15.668 --> 00:12:18.104
  • MORE THAT RIGHTSARE BEING VIOLATED.
  • 00:12:18.204 --> 00:12:19.205
  • RIGHTS ARE BEING TAKENAWAY, AND IT'S TIME WE
  • 00:12:19.305 --> 00:12:21.875
  • START THINKING MOREINTENTIONALLY ABOUT WHO
  • 00:12:21.975 --> 00:12:24.677
  • ARE WE ELECTING AND HOWWELL THEY DEFEND AND
  • 00:12:24.778 --> 00:12:27.046
  • PROTECT OUR RIGHTS.
  • 00:12:27.147 --> 00:12:28.148
  • - YEAH, THE CONSTITUTIONREALLY DID A GREAT JOB OF
  • 00:12:28.248 --> 00:12:30.083
  • GIVING AWE NUMBER OFCHECKS AND BALANCES.
  • 00:12:30.183 --> 00:12:32.252
  • WE HAVE CHECKS ANDBALANCES BETWEEN THE
  • 00:12:32.352 --> 00:12:34.587
  • BRANCHES, BETWEEN THELEVELS OF GOVERNMENT.
  • 00:12:34.687 --> 00:12:36.156
  • THE BIGGEST CHECK ANDBALANCE IS GIVEN TO THE
  • 00:12:36.256 --> 00:12:39.325
  • PEOPLE WITH THEIR ABILITYTO CHOOSE THEIR LEADERS.
  • 00:12:39.425 --> 00:12:42.095
  • WIRE THE BEST CHECK ANDBALANCE ON ALL OF THIS,
  • 00:12:42.195 --> 00:12:44.798
  • AND IF WE DON'T EXERCISETHAT INFLUENCE TO SAY
  • 00:12:44.898 --> 00:12:48.268
  • HEY, YOU GUYS ARE OUT OFBOUNDS, WE'RE PUTTING A
  • 00:12:48.368 --> 00:12:50.203
  • NEW TEAM IN THERE, WE'RETAKING YOU OUT, WE'RE
  • 00:12:50.303 --> 00:12:51.971
  • SUBSTITUTING SOMEONEELSE, IF WE DON'T DO THAT
  • 00:12:52.071 --> 00:12:54.574
  • THEN WE MIGHT AS WELLNOT HAVE A RULE BOOK.
  • 00:12:54.674 --> 00:12:57.644
  • - IT IS IMPORTANT TOREMEMBER THAT AS WE
  • 00:12:57.744 --> 00:12:59.646
  • CHOOSE ELECTED OFFICIALS, THOSEELECTED OFFICIALS
  • 00:12:59.746 --> 00:13:01.281
  • THEIR IDEOLOGY IS GOINGTO COME OUT IN THE WAY
  • 00:13:01.381 --> 00:13:03.149
  • THEY OPERATE GOVERNMENT,AND THE WAY GOVERNMENT
  • 00:13:03.249 --> 00:13:04.617
  • OPERATES IS REALLY JUST AREFLECTION OF WHO VOTED
  • 00:13:04.717 --> 00:13:07.420
  • IN THE LAST ELECTIONBECAUSE THAT'S WHO CHOSE
  • 00:13:07.520 --> 00:13:09.823
  • WHO THOSE ELECTEDOFFICIALS WERE.
  • 00:13:09.923 --> 00:13:11.224
  • AND WE GET TO CHOOSEAT THE LOCAL LEVEL, WE
  • 00:13:11.324 --> 00:13:13.126
  • CHOOSE AT THE STATELEVEL, WE CHOOSE AT THE
  • 00:13:13.226 --> 00:13:14.527
  • FEDERAL LEVEL.
  • 00:13:14.627 --> 00:13:15.795
  • AND AS WE'RE LOOKINGSO MUCH NOW AT OUR
  • 00:13:15.895 --> 00:13:18.665
  • GOVERNMENT AND OURNATION, WE SEE CHAOS
  • 00:13:18.765 --> 00:13:20.333
  • AND FRUSTRATION.
  • 00:13:20.433 --> 00:13:21.334
  • THERE'S SO MANY PROBLEMS.
  • 00:13:21.434 --> 00:13:22.769
  • WELL, THIS IS WHY IT'S SOIMPORTANT THAT CHRISTIANS
  • 00:13:22.869 --> 00:13:24.304
  • GET INVOLVED, AND AS WEGET INVOLVED WE HAVE TO
  • 00:13:24.404 --> 00:13:25.972
  • REMEMBER THAT WE NEEDTO LOOK NOW, BE VERY
  • 00:13:26.072 --> 00:13:28.408
  • INTENTIONAL ABOUTTHINKING WE NEED TO LET
  • 00:13:28.508 --> 00:13:30.343
  • PEOPLE WHO ARE GOING TOPROTECT OUR GOD GIVEN
  • 00:13:30.443 --> 00:13:32.045
  • RIGHTS, WHO AREGOING TO RESPECT US AS
  • 00:13:32.145 --> 00:13:33.980
  • INDIVIDUALS, WHO ARE NOTGOING TO COME AND TAKE
  • 00:13:34.080 --> 00:13:35.982
  • MORE RIGHTS AWAY FROM USOR GROW THE GOVERNMENT
  • 00:13:36.082 --> 00:13:38.318
  • BEYOND WHAT IT SHOULD BEREALLY INTENDED TO DO.
  • 00:13:38.418 --> 00:13:41.054
  • THAT'S WHY WENEED TO GO BACK.
  • 00:13:41.154 --> 00:13:42.188
  • READ THE CONSTITUTION,LET'S GO BACK READ THE
  • 00:13:42.288 --> 00:13:43.823
  • FEDERAL PAPERS, LEARNWHAT THE ROLE, THE
  • 00:13:43.923 --> 00:13:45.592
  • PURPOSE OF GOVERNMENT IS,AND THEN AS CHRISTIANS WE
  • 00:13:45.692 --> 00:13:47.727
  • NEED TO GET INVOLVED INTHE PROCESS AND VOTE FOR
  • 00:13:47.827 --> 00:13:49.829
  • PEOPLE WHO WILL PROTECTAND DEFEND OUR RIGHTS.
  • 00:13:49.929 --> 00:13:52.993
  • - AS WE TALK ABOUTELECTIONS, THE REAL
  • 00:13:53.618 --> 00:13:55.187
  • QUESTION IS HOW DOELECTIONS WORK?
  • 00:13:55.287 --> 00:13:57.456
  • WE KNOW EVERY COUPLEYEARS WE VOTE FOR PEOPLE,
  • 00:13:57.556 --> 00:13:59.591
  • BUT HOW DOESTHAT REALLY WORK?
  • 00:13:59.691 --> 00:14:01.093
  • AND WHY IS IT THAT SOOFTEN WE GO TO VOTE AND
  • 00:14:01.193 --> 00:14:03.528
  • THERE'S NOT REALLY GOODCANDIDATES, THERE'S NOT
  • 00:14:03.628 --> 00:14:05.697
  • PEOPLE WE LIKE?
  • 00:14:05.797 --> 00:14:06.832
  • HOW DO WE EVEN GET GOODCANDIDATES TO THE PLACE
  • 00:14:06.932 --> 00:14:09.034
  • WE CAN CHOOSE THEMTO BE OUR LEADERS?
  • 00:14:09.134 --> 00:14:11.136
  • AS CHRISTIANS IF WE'REGOING TO BE INVOLVED IN
  • 00:14:11.236 --> 00:14:13.071
  • THE PROCESS, IF WE'REGOING TO ELECT GODLY
  • 00:14:13.171 --> 00:14:15.073
  • PEOPLE WE NEED TO KNOWHOW DO WE GET GODLY
  • 00:14:15.173 --> 00:14:17.909
  • PEOPLE THERE?
  • 00:14:18.010 --> 00:14:18.910
  • AND HOW DOES THATELECTION PROCESS
  • 00:14:19.011 --> 00:14:19.945
  • EVEN WORK.
  • 00:14:20.045 --> 00:14:20.946
  • - WELL, THE ELECTIONPROCESS IN AMERICA HAS
  • 00:14:21.046 --> 00:14:22.714
  • GONE THROUGH ALOT OF CHANGES.
  • 00:14:22.814 --> 00:14:23.882
  • WHEN YOU GO BACK TO THEVERY FIRST YEARS OF
  • 00:14:23.982 --> 00:14:27.119
  • AMERICA, WE CAME OUTOF ENGLAND WHICH WAS A
  • 00:14:27.219 --> 00:14:29.688
  • SYSTEM THAT REALLYDIDN'T HAVE ELECTIONS.
  • 00:14:29.788 --> 00:14:31.923
  • YOU HAD A KING ANDNOT ONLY WAS THE KING
  • 00:14:32.024 --> 00:14:34.259
  • HEREDITARY, YOU DIDN'TEVEN HAVE A VOICE IN YOUR
  • 00:14:34.359 --> 00:14:36.862
  • CHURCH LEADERS.
  • 00:14:36.962 --> 00:14:38.063
  • AND THAT WAS PRETTYCOMMON IN EUROPE.
  • 00:14:38.163 --> 00:14:39.564
  • IF YOU WERE IN GERMANY,THE NATIONAL LEADERS SAID
  • 00:14:39.664 --> 00:14:42.534
  • HEY, WE'RE ALL GOINGTO BE LUTHERAN.
  • 00:14:42.634 --> 00:14:44.069
  • IF YOU WERE IN FRANCE,THE NATIONAL LEADERS SAID
  • 00:14:44.169 --> 00:14:45.604
  • WE'RE ALL CATHOLICS.
  • 00:14:45.704 --> 00:14:46.738
  • IF YOU'RE IN ENGLANDWE'RE ALL GOING TO BE
  • 00:14:46.838 --> 00:14:49.207
  • ANGLICANS, SO THE KINGWOULD CHOOSE THE LEADERS
  • 00:14:49.307 --> 00:14:51.009
  • OVER THE STATEESTABLISHED CHURCH, AND
  • 00:14:51.109 --> 00:14:52.844
  • SO WHEN THEY GET HERE,PEOPLE LIKE THE PILGRIMS,
  • 00:14:52.944 --> 00:14:55.047
  • THEY GOT HERE SAID WE GOTA KING, HE'S OVER THERE.
  • 00:14:55.147 --> 00:14:57.983
  • WE'RE HAVINGELECTIONS OVER HERE.
  • 00:14:58.083 --> 00:14:59.251
  • SO THEY CHOSE THEIR OWNGOVERNORS, EVEN THEIR
  • 00:14:59.351 --> 00:15:03.221
  • OWN PASTORS.
  • 00:15:03.321 --> 00:15:04.256
  • THEY CHOSE THEIR OWNLEADERS, AND THAT BECAME
  • 00:15:04.356 --> 00:15:06.158
  • PRETTY COMMON IN AMERICA,AND NORTHERN COLONIES
  • 00:15:06.258 --> 00:15:08.860
  • ESPECIALLY THEYWERE INTO ELECTIONS.
  • 00:15:08.960 --> 00:15:10.729
  • SO REALLY ELECTIONHISTORY STARTS A WHOLE
  • 00:15:10.829 --> 00:15:13.498
  • LOT WITH NEW ENGLANDAND DEVELOPS AND
  • 00:15:13.598 --> 00:15:15.067
  • GOES FORWARD.
  • 00:15:15.167 --> 00:15:16.134
  • - YEAH, AND EVEN THISNOTION OF ELECTION A LOT
  • 00:15:16.234 --> 00:15:17.569
  • OF PEOPLE THINK IFEVERYBODY GETS TO VOTE IN
  • 00:15:17.669 --> 00:15:19.471
  • AN ELECTION, THERE MUSTBE A DEMOCRACY THERE, BUT
  • 00:15:19.571 --> 00:15:22.174
  • PART OF WHAT WE DID INAMERICA THAT WAS UNIQUE
  • 00:15:22.274 --> 00:15:24.142
  • IS WE ELECTED OFFICIALSTO REPRESENT US BECAUSE
  • 00:15:24.242 --> 00:15:26.378
  • DEMOCRACY KIND OF WORKWHEN IT'S A SMALL GROUP
  • 00:15:26.478 --> 00:15:30.115
  • OF PEOPLE, RIGHT.
  • 00:15:30.215 --> 00:15:31.183
  • BUT ONCE YOU STARTGETTING HUNDREDS OR
  • 00:15:31.283 --> 00:15:33.051
  • THOUSANDS OR TENS OFTHOUSANDS OF PEOPLE,
  • 00:15:33.151 --> 00:15:36.755
  • HAVING EVERYBODY VOTE ONEVERY SPECIFIC DETAIL
  • 00:15:36.855 --> 00:15:40.625
  • BECOMES VERY BURDENSOME.
  • 00:15:40.725 --> 00:15:42.527
  • IT'S CUMBERSOME, SO IT'SEASIER TO SAY LOOK, FOR
  • 00:15:42.627 --> 00:15:45.564
  • US HUNDRED PEOPLE, FORUS THOUSAND PEOPLE LET'S
  • 00:15:45.664 --> 00:15:48.600
  • ELECT SOMEBODY WHO CAN GODO THAT PROCESS AND VOTE
  • 00:15:48.700 --> 00:15:50.969
  • EVERY DAY FOR US,REPRESENTS EVERY DAY, AND
  • 00:15:51.069 --> 00:15:53.371
  • THIS IS PART OF WHAT THEYDID IN AMERICA MOVING
  • 00:15:53.472 --> 00:15:55.674
  • AWAY AGAIN THISNOTION OF DEMOCRACY.
  • 00:15:55.774 --> 00:15:57.609
  • NOW, WHAT WE DO INAMERICA WE REPRESENT
  • 00:15:57.709 --> 00:15:59.845
  • OFFICIALS TOREPRESENT US.
  • 00:15:59.945 --> 00:16:01.780
  • IT'S A REPUBLICAN SYSTEM.
  • 00:16:01.880 --> 00:16:03.381
  • IT'S A REPUBLICANFORM OF GOVERNMENT.
  • 00:16:03.482 --> 00:16:04.683
  • AND THIS IS WHAT WESTARTED ALL THE WAY BACK
  • 00:16:04.783 --> 00:16:05.650
  • IN PLYMOUTH.
  • 00:16:05.750 --> 00:16:06.718
  • AND THIS IS VERY UNIQUEIN THAT TIME BECAUSE
  • 00:16:06.818 --> 00:16:08.720
  • NOBODY ELSE WAS DOINGIT AT THAT TIME.
  • 00:16:08.820 --> 00:16:10.288
  • YOU'D SEE REPUBLICS ATOTHER PERIODS IN WORLD
  • 00:16:10.388 --> 00:16:12.624
  • HISTORY, BUT NOTAT THAT TIME.
  • 00:16:12.724 --> 00:16:14.259
  • SO WHAT WE STARTED INAMERICA WAS VERY UNIQUE,
  • 00:16:14.359 --> 00:16:16.128
  • AND LARGELY BASEDON THE BIBLE.
  • 00:16:16.228 --> 00:16:17.762
  • BUT THE FOUNDATION REALLYGREW BEYOND JUST VOTING
  • 00:16:17.863 --> 00:16:22.300
  • FOR THIS PERSON RIGHTHERE IN FRONT OF YOU.
  • 00:16:22.400 --> 00:16:24.102
  • ELECTIONS AND BALLOTSEVEN CHANGED OVER TIME.
  • 00:16:24.202 --> 00:16:27.105
  • - THEY DID.
  • 00:16:27.205 --> 00:16:28.240
  • AND AS YOU MOVE FURTHERINTO AMERICAN HISTORY FOR
  • 00:16:28.340 --> 00:16:29.774
  • EXAMPLE, YOU GET TO AVIRGINIA, AND VIRGINIA
  • 00:16:29.875 --> 00:16:32.344
  • THEY WERE HAVINGELECTIONS IN VIRGINIA,
  • 00:16:32.444 --> 00:16:34.146
  • AND VIRGINIA WAS ONE OFTHE MOST POPULOUS STATES
  • 00:16:34.246 --> 00:16:36.281
  • AT THAT TIME OF THE 13COLONIES SO THEY WERE A
  • 00:16:36.381 --> 00:16:38.416
  • BIG STATE, AND EVEN THEWAY THEY CHOSE
  • 00:16:38.517 --> 00:16:40.452
  • THEIR GOVERNMENT.
  • 00:16:40.552 --> 00:16:42.554
  • NOW, THE PEOPLE CHOSETHEIR REPRESENTATIVES TO
  • 00:16:42.654 --> 00:16:44.456
  • THE STATE GOVERNMENT BUTTHE PEOPLE DIDN'T CHOOSE
  • 00:16:44.556 --> 00:16:46.625
  • THE GOVERNOR.
  • 00:16:46.725 --> 00:16:47.759
  • THE PEOPLE THEY CHOSE TOTHE LEGISLATURE ARE THE
  • 00:16:47.859 --> 00:16:49.828
  • ONE WHO CHOSETHE GOVERNORS.
  • 00:16:49.928 --> 00:16:50.996
  • YOU TAKE THE FAMOUSGOVERNOR OUT OF AMERICAN
  • 00:16:51.096 --> 00:16:53.098
  • INDEPENDENCE, SOMEBODYLIKE PATRICK HENRY, HE
  • 00:16:53.198 --> 00:16:55.066
  • WAS ELECTEDGOVERNOR FIVE TIMES.
  • 00:16:55.167 --> 00:16:59.137
  • ALL BY THE LEGISLATURE.
  • 00:16:59.237 --> 00:17:00.305
  • THE LEGISLATURE GOTTOGETHER AND SAID WHO DO
  • 00:17:00.405 --> 00:17:02.140
  • WE WANT TO BEOUR GOVERNOR?
  • 00:17:02.240 --> 00:17:03.875
  • UM, LET'S CHOOSEPATRICK HENRY.
  • 00:17:03.975 --> 00:17:05.310
  • SO IT WASN'T THE PEOPLETHAT CHOSE GOVERNOR
  • 00:17:05.410 --> 00:17:06.878
  • PATRICK HENRY.
  • 00:17:06.978 --> 00:17:08.046
  • THAT WAS THE LEGISLATURE,AND BY THE WAY, UNLIKE
  • 00:17:08.146 --> 00:17:09.681
  • WHAT WE'D SEE TODAY 2 OFTHE FIVE TIMES THAT HENRY
  • 00:17:09.781 --> 00:17:13.251
  • WAS CHOSEN FOR GOVERNORHE DIDN'T EVEN WANT
  • 00:17:13.351 --> 00:17:14.553
  • TO BE GOVERNOR.
  • 00:17:14.653 --> 00:17:15.754
  • AS A MATTER OF FACT,HE TURNED IT DOWN.
  • 00:17:15.854 --> 00:17:16.788
  • THEY SAID YOU'REGOVERNOR.
  • 00:17:16.888 --> 00:17:18.056
  • YOU'VE JUST BEENREELECTED.
  • 00:17:18.156 --> 00:17:19.324
  • HE SAID NO, I'M NOTGOING TO DO THAT.
  • 00:17:19.424 --> 00:17:20.725
  • - NOW, LET'S CLARIFYBECAUSE WHO GETS ELECTED
  • 00:17:20.825 --> 00:17:22.527
  • WITHOUT WANTING-EVERYBODY IF YOU WANT TO
  • 00:17:22.627 --> 00:17:24.229
  • BE ELECTED YOU RUN FOROFFICE AND YOU CAMPAIGN
  • 00:17:24.329 --> 00:17:25.764
  • AND YOU'RE PUTTINGUP SIGNS EVERYWHERE.
  • 00:17:25.864 --> 00:17:27.265
  • THAT ALMOST SEEMSHYPOCRITICAL.
  • 00:17:27.365 --> 00:17:29.167
  • HOW DO YOU GET TO BEELECTED WHEN YOU DIDN'T
  • 00:17:29.267 --> 00:17:30.502
  • WANT TO BE ELECTED?
  • 00:17:30.602 --> 00:17:31.670
  • - THIS IS WHERE BALLOTSWERE REALLY FUN BACK THEN.
  • 00:17:31.770 --> 00:17:33.939
  • IF YOU TAKE NEW ENGLANDAGAIN, YOU GO INTO NEW
  • 00:17:34.039 --> 00:17:35.473
  • ENGLAND, LET'S SAY YOUHAVE A CITY ELECTION.
  • 00:17:35.574 --> 00:17:38.510
  • WE'RE GOING TO HAVE AMAYOR AND WE'RE GOING TO
  • 00:17:38.610 --> 00:17:40.212
  • HAVE ALDERMEN, WE'REGOING TO HAVE THE STATE
  • 00:17:40.312 --> 00:17:41.680
  • REPRESENTATIVE, THELEGISLATURE, WHAT YOU'D
  • 00:17:41.780 --> 00:17:43.715
  • DO IS YOU'D GO TO THEBALLOT BOX WITH A BLANK
  • 00:17:43.815 --> 00:17:45.083
  • PIECE OF PAPER AND SAYI'M THINKING OF EVERYBODY
  • 00:17:45.183 --> 00:17:47.686
  • I KNOW.
  • 00:17:47.786 --> 00:17:48.954
  • WHO DO I KNOW WHO WOULDBE THE BEST GOVERNOR?
  • 00:17:49.054 --> 00:17:50.488
  • SO I'D WRITE DOWN TIM,YOU SHOULD BE GOVERNOR.
  • 00:17:50.589 --> 00:17:52.857
  • SO WHAT HAPPENS IS THEYTAKE THE BALLOTS, THEY
  • 00:17:52.958 --> 00:17:55.460
  • COUNT THEM ALL UP AT THEEND AND SAY WELL, TIM,
  • 00:17:55.560 --> 00:17:57.295
  • YOU GOT THE MOSTVOTES FOR GOVERNOR.
  • 00:17:57.395 --> 00:17:59.164
  • WE'D GO SAY TIM, THEPEOPLE CHOSE YOU
  • 00:17:59.264 --> 00:18:00.565
  • TO BE GOVERNOR.
  • 00:18:00.665 --> 00:18:01.633
  • I WASN'T EVEN RUNNING.
  • 00:18:01.733 --> 00:18:03.368
  • I DIDN'T KNOW.
  • 00:18:03.468 --> 00:18:04.636
  • SO IT'S REALLYINTERESTING THAT THIS IS
  • 00:18:04.736 --> 00:18:06.972
  • THE BIBLICAL MODEL YOUSEE IT WHEREAS THEY'RE
  • 00:18:07.072 --> 00:18:09.007
  • CHOOSING DEACONS, THEAPOSTLES SAY HEY, GO
  • 00:18:09.107 --> 00:18:11.876
  • CHOOSE OUT FROM AMONG YOUDEACONS, AND GET PEOPLE
  • 00:18:11.977 --> 00:18:14.746
  • WHO ARE FULL OF THE HOLYSPIRIT AND HONEST AND
  • 00:18:14.846 --> 00:18:16.381
  • HAVE INTEGRITYAND HARD WORKERS.
  • 00:18:16.481 --> 00:18:19.050
  • SO ONE OF THE GREATEXAMPLES IS A GUY WHO RAN
  • 00:18:19.150 --> 00:18:20.885
  • FOR PRESIDENT OF THEUNITED STATES, DIDN'T
  • 00:18:20.986 --> 00:18:22.420
  • EVEN WANT TO.
  • 00:18:22.520 --> 00:18:23.622
  • BUT HIS NAME WASWILLIAM WORTH.
  • 00:18:23.722 --> 00:18:25.490
  • HE WAS THE ATTORNEYGENERAL, AND THE PEOPLE
  • 00:18:25.590 --> 00:18:27.125
  • CAME AND SAID WE STARTEDA NEW PARTY, AND WE CHOSE
  • 00:18:27.225 --> 00:18:29.761
  • YOU TO BE OURPRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE OF
  • 00:18:29.861 --> 00:18:31.763
  • THE NEW PARTY.
  • 00:18:31.863 --> 00:18:33.265
  • AND HE SAID THIS PARTYIS NOT GOING TO WORK.
  • 00:18:33.365 --> 00:18:34.499
  • IT'S NOT GOING TO LASTBUT HE FELT LIKE
  • 00:18:34.599 --> 00:18:36.468
  • HE HAD TO.
  • 00:18:36.568 --> 00:18:37.502
  • AND THIS IS WHERE ITGETS REALLY INTERESTING.
  • 00:18:37.602 --> 00:18:38.536
  • WE TAUGHT BACK THEN INTEXTBOOKS AND SCHOOL
  • 00:18:38.637 --> 00:18:41.273
  • BOOKS AND SOME OF THEGREATEST EDUCATORS IN
  • 00:18:41.373 --> 00:18:43.008
  • AMERICAN HISTORY, NOAHWEBSTER, BENJAMIN RUSH,
  • 00:18:43.108 --> 00:18:45.543
  • THEY WROTE THAT IF THEPEOPLE CHOSE YOU TO SERVE
  • 00:18:45.644 --> 00:18:48.847
  • THEM, YOU DIDN'T SAY NOBECAUSE GOD PUT YOU HERE
  • 00:18:48.947 --> 00:18:51.916
  • TO SERVE OTHERS.
  • 00:18:52.017 --> 00:18:53.051
  • HE DIDN'T PUT YOU HERE TOSERVE YOURSELF, SO IF THE
  • 00:18:53.151 --> 00:18:54.619
  • PEOPLE CAME AND SAID HEY,WE WANT YOU TO BE OUR
  • 00:18:54.719 --> 00:18:56.655
  • STATE REPRESENTATIVE, YOUSAY WELL, IF YOU THINK
  • 00:18:56.755 --> 00:18:59.224
  • THAT'S THE WAY I CAN BESTSERVE YOU THEN THAT'S
  • 00:18:59.324 --> 00:19:01.059
  • WHAT I WILL DO.
  • 00:19:01.159 --> 00:19:02.394
  • SO THE EARLY ELECTIONSIN AMERICA WAS ALL ABOUT
  • 00:19:02.494 --> 00:19:04.095
  • BEING A PUBLIC SERVANT.
  • 00:19:04.195 --> 00:19:05.964
  • AND THAT'S STILL THEWAY IT SHOULD BE TODAY,
  • 00:19:06.064 --> 00:19:07.265
  • PUBLIC SERVANT.
  • 00:19:07.365 --> 00:19:08.366
  • - AS WE THINK ABOUTELECTIONS ONE OF THE
  • 00:19:08.466 --> 00:19:09.501
  • THINGS THAT I KNOW ISCHALLENGING FOR A LOT OF
  • 00:19:09.601 --> 00:19:11.803
  • PEOPLE IS WE SAY OKAY,BUT NOW THERE'S MORE THAN
  • 00:19:11.903 --> 00:19:13.838
  • 300 MILLION PEOPLE INAMERICA, DOES IT REALLY
  • 00:19:13.938 --> 00:19:17.275
  • MATTER THAT I VOTE?
  • 00:19:17.375 --> 00:19:18.410
  • BECAUSE THERE'S SO MANYPEOPLE OUT THERE, DOES
  • 00:19:18.510 --> 00:19:20.645
  • ONE VOTE REALLY MAKE THATBIG OF A DIFFERENCE.
  • 00:19:20.745 --> 00:19:22.681
  • WELL, LET'S FIND OUT.
  • 00:19:22.781 --> 00:19:24.249
  • [MUSIC]
  • 00:19:24.349 --> 00:19:28.019
  • - DOES YOUR VOTE COUNT?
  • 00:19:28.119 --> 00:19:29.287
  • LET'S TAKE A LOOKAT THE NUMBERS.
  • 00:19:29.387 --> 00:19:30.588
  • ONLY ABOUT ONE IN 4AMERICAN ADULTS
  • 00:19:30.689 --> 00:19:33.391
  • VOTE TO CHOOSE THEIRFEDERAL AND STATE
  • 00:19:33.491 --> 00:19:34.993
  • LEGISLATORS AND THEIRGOVERNORS IN NON
  • 00:19:35.093 --> 00:19:37.696
  • PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS.
  • 00:19:37.796 --> 00:19:39.264
  • 2.6 PERCENT IS ALLIT TOOK FOR A LAND SLIDE
  • 00:19:39.364 --> 00:19:42.000
  • WIN IN A RECENT MAYORALRACE IN AMERICA'S SECOND
  • 00:19:42.100 --> 00:19:45.603
  • LARGEST CITY WHERE LESSTHAN 10% PERCENT OF
  • 00:19:45.704 --> 00:19:47.505
  • ADULTS VOTED.
  • 00:19:47.605 --> 00:19:49.074
  • ONLY 3 OUT OF 4 AMERICANSREGISTER TO VOTE.
  • 00:19:49.174 --> 00:19:51.810
  • 4 OUT OF 10 CHOOSE ARENOT TO VOTE FOR
  • 00:19:51.910 --> 00:19:54.179
  • THE PRESIDENT.
  • 00:19:54.279 --> 00:19:55.413
  • THUS 4 OUT OF EVERY TENADULTS WHO ARE QUALIFIED TO
  • 00:19:55.513 --> 00:19:58.316
  • PARTICIPATE IN THEPROCESS VOLUNTARILY
  • 00:19:58.416 --> 00:20:00.785
  • REFUSE TO DO SO.
  • 00:20:00.885 --> 00:20:02.253
  • 5 % OF ELIGIBLE VOTERSELECTED THE MAYOR OF
  • 00:20:02.354 --> 00:20:05.123
  • DALLAS, TEXAS INRECENT ELECTION.
  • 00:20:05.223 --> 00:20:06.758
  • ONLY 5 % AND THAT'S IN ACITY WITH A POPULATION
  • 00:20:06.858 --> 00:20:09.894
  • GREATER THAN TEN SEPARATESTATES IN THE US.
  • 00:20:09.994 --> 00:20:12.530
  • ONLY SIX OUT OF EVERYTEN REGISTERED VOTERS
  • 00:20:12.630 --> 00:20:15.667
  • ACTUALLY BOTHER TOVOTE IN
  • 00:20:15.767 --> 00:20:17.235
  • PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS.
  • 00:20:17.335 --> 00:20:18.870
  • THIS MAKES IT POSSIBLEFOR OUR NATIONS PRESIDENT
  • 00:20:18.970 --> 00:20:21.039
  • TO BE SELECTED BY LESSTHAN ONE-THIRD OF THE
  • 00:20:21.139 --> 00:20:22.974
  • POPULATION.
  • 00:20:23.074 --> 00:20:24.209
  • 7 OUT OF EVERY 8 ELIGIBLEVOTERS DO NOT VOTE FOR
  • 00:20:24.309 --> 00:20:29.080
  • THEIR GOVERNORS, SENATORS, ANDREPRESENTATIVES.
  • 00:20:29.180 --> 00:20:31.182
  • HARD TO BELIEVE BUTA NON-PRESIDENTIAL
  • 00:20:31.282 --> 00:20:32.951
  • ELECTIONS ONLY ABOUT ONEIN 4 AMERICAN ADULTS
  • 00:20:33.051 --> 00:20:35.120
  • VOTE TO CHOOSE THESEELECTED OFFICIALS, AND
  • 00:20:35.220 --> 00:20:37.522
  • SINCE ONLY A MAJORITYOF THAT ONE FORTH IS
  • 00:20:37.622 --> 00:20:39.858
  • NECESSARY TO SELECT THEWINNERS, THOSE NUMBERS
  • 00:20:39.958 --> 00:20:42.227
  • ADD UP WHICH BRINGSME NO NUMBER ONE.
  • 00:20:42.327 --> 00:20:44.629
  • NINE OUT OF TEN USCITIZENS 18 OR OLDER HAVE
  • 00:20:44.729 --> 00:20:47.899
  • THE RIGHT TO VOTE, ANDYET TENS OF MILLIONS OF
  • 00:20:47.999 --> 00:20:51.503
  • CHRISTIANS ARE NOT EVENREGISTERED TO VOTE.
  • 00:20:51.603 --> 00:20:53.972
  • AT THE END OF THE DAY THEVOTES THAT COUNT ARE THE
  • 00:20:54.072 --> 00:20:56.541
  • VOTES THAT GET CAST, ANDYET 90 MILLION ELIGIBLE
  • 00:20:56.641 --> 00:20:59.878
  • VOTERS DID NOT VOTEIN THE LAST
  • 00:20:59.978 --> 00:21:01.513
  • PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS.
  • 00:21:01.613 --> 00:21:03.181
  • THAT'S 90 MILLIONAMERICANS WHO DECIDED
  • 00:21:03.281 --> 00:21:05.550
  • THEIR VOTE DIDN'T COUNT.
  • 00:21:05.650 --> 00:21:07.185
  • SO WHAT WILL YOU DECIDE?
  • 00:21:07.285 --> 00:21:09.020
  • DOES YOUR VOTE COUNT?
  • 00:21:09.120 --> 00:21:12.690
  • - AS YOU CAN SEEYOUR VOTE DOES COUNT.
  • 00:21:12.791 --> 00:21:14.225
  • WE ENCOURAGE YOU TO DOYOUR RESEARCH AND GET THE
  • 00:21:14.325 --> 00:21:16.961
  • FACTS ON THOSERUNNING FOR OFFICE.
  • 00:21:17.061 --> 00:21:18.897
  • THIS IS YOUR COUNTRY ANDYOUR OPINION MATTERS, AND
  • 00:21:18.997 --> 00:21:21.132
  • YOU NEED TO LET YOURVOICE BE HEARD.
  • 00:21:21.232 --> 00:21:22.667
  • - EVERYBODY WE ELECTIS BOUND BY THEIR STATE
  • 00:21:22.767 --> 00:21:25.003
  • CONSTITUTIONS, BOUNDBY THE US CONSTITUTION.
  • 00:21:25.103 --> 00:21:27.105
  • SO WE'RE NOT JUSTCHOOSING PEOPLE THAT
  • 00:21:27.205 --> 00:21:29.040
  • ARBITRARILY GO DOWHATEVER THEY WANT TO DO.
  • 00:21:29.140 --> 00:21:30.675
  • THEIR STANDARDS ANDBOUNDARIES AROUND IT.
  • 00:21:30.775 --> 00:21:32.811
  • BUT WE THE PEOPLE ARE THEONES WHO HELP HOLD OUR
  • 00:21:32.911 --> 00:21:36.080
  • ELECTED OFFICIALSACCOUNTABLE.
  • 00:21:36.181 --> 00:21:37.549
  • - AND ACTUALLY WE OFTENHAVE SEVERAL TIMES A YEAR
  • 00:21:37.649 --> 00:21:40.485
  • WHERE WE CAN CHOOSE OURELECTED OFFICIALS BECAUSE
  • 00:21:40.585 --> 00:21:42.821
  • A LOT OF TIMES CITYELECTIONS DON'T OCCUR
  • 00:21:42.921 --> 00:21:45.523
  • WHEN STATE OR FEDERALELECTIONS MIGHT.
  • 00:21:45.623 --> 00:21:46.958
  • AND THERE ARE SEVERALSTATES WHERE THEIR STATE
  • 00:21:47.058 --> 00:21:48.626
  • ELECTIONS DON'T OCCURWHEN FEDERAL
  • 00:21:48.726 --> 00:21:50.061
  • ELECTIONS OCCUR.
  • 00:21:50.161 --> 00:21:51.296
  • AND IN OTHER STATESYOU HAVE REFERENDUM
  • 00:21:51.396 --> 00:21:52.630
  • ELECTIONS.
  • 00:21:52.730 --> 00:21:53.765
  • DOESN'T MATTER.
  • 00:21:53.865 --> 00:21:54.866
  • IF THERE'S AN ELECTION,A CHRISTIAN SHOULD BE
  • 00:21:54.966 --> 00:21:56.868
  • INVOLVED IN IT.
  • 00:21:56.968 --> 00:21:58.036
  • WE'RE TOLD WE SHOULDBE SALT AND LIGHT.
  • 00:21:58.136 --> 00:22:00.538
  • WE'RE NOT JUST SUPPOSEDTO INFLUENCE JUST OUR
  • 00:22:00.638 --> 00:22:02.440
  • FAMILY OR JUST OURHOME OR CHURCH.
  • 00:22:02.540 --> 00:22:04.442
  • WE NEED TO INFLUENCETHE ENTIRE CULTURE.
  • 00:22:04.542 --> 00:22:07.846
  • AND WE DO THAT THROUGHWHO WE CHOOSE TO OFFICE.
  • 00:22:07.946 --> 00:22:09.981
  • SO THE BIBLE TELLS US WESHOULD HAVE LEADERS OF
  • 00:22:10.081 --> 00:22:12.217
  • TENS, 50'S, HUNDREDSAND THOUSANDS.
  • 00:22:12.317 --> 00:22:13.885
  • WE SHOULD BE INVOLVEDIN THE LOCAL ELECTIONS.
  • 00:22:13.985 --> 00:22:16.087
  • SCHOOL BOARD, CITYCOUNCIL, MAYOR.
  • 00:22:16.187 --> 00:22:17.755
  • WE SHOULD BE INVOLVED INOUR COUNTY ELECTIONS,
  • 00:22:17.856 --> 00:22:19.991
  • COUNTY JUDGE ORWHATEVER WE HAVE.
  • 00:22:20.091 --> 00:22:21.726
  • WE SHOULD BE INVOLVED INOUR STATE ELECTIONS AND
  • 00:22:21.826 --> 00:22:24.696
  • OUR FEDERAL ELECTIONS.
  • 00:22:24.796 --> 00:22:26.030
  • AS A CHRISTIAN CITIZEN HAVETO BE A GOOD STEWARD OF
  • 00:22:26.130 --> 00:22:28.166
  • THAT COUNTRY THATGOD HAS GIVEN US.
  • 00:22:28.266 --> 00:22:29.367
  • WE NEED TO BE INVOLVEDAT EVERY LEVEL.
  • 00:22:29.467 --> 00:22:30.935
  • - AND ACCORDING TOTHE CONSTITUTION, THE
  • 00:22:31.035 --> 00:22:32.670
  • FOUNDING FATHERS ACTUALLYALLOWED STATES TO BE OVER
  • 00:22:32.770 --> 00:22:35.573
  • ELECTIONS FOR THEIROWN STATE BECAUSE THE
  • 00:22:35.673 --> 00:22:37.208
  • CONSTITUTION SAID THATEACH STATE GETS TO
  • 00:22:37.308 --> 00:22:39.043
  • DETERMINE THE TIME,PLACE, AND MANNER OF
  • 00:22:39.143 --> 00:22:40.645
  • THEIR ELECTIONS.
  • 00:22:40.745 --> 00:22:41.746
  • - AND BECAUSE EACH STATEGETS TO DETERMINE THOSE
  • 00:22:41.846 --> 00:22:43.615
  • TIME, PLACES AND MANNERS,NOT ALWAYS ELECTIONS
  • 00:22:43.715 --> 00:22:45.750
  • HAPPEN IN THE SAME YEAR.
  • 00:22:45.850 --> 00:22:47.118
  • AND NOT ALL ELECTEDOFFICIALS HOLD THEIR
  • 00:22:47.218 --> 00:22:49.320
  • POSITION FOR THESAME LENGTH OF TIME.
  • 00:22:49.420 --> 00:22:51.456
  • THIS CAN GET ALITTLE CONFUSING.
  • 00:22:51.556 --> 00:22:52.790
  • SO TO SIMPLIFY, HERE'S AQUICK OVER VIEW OF THE
  • 00:22:52.891 --> 00:22:55.360
  • ELECTION CYCLE.
  • 00:22:55.460 --> 00:22:56.661
  • [MUSIC]
  • 00:22:56.761 --> 00:22:59.898
  • - IN THE US, OURELECTIONS FALL IN THREE
  • 00:22:59.998 --> 00:23:01.633
  • MAJOR CATEGORIES,FEDERAL, STATE, AND
  • 00:23:01.733 --> 00:23:04.702
  • MUNICIPAL WHICH ISSOMETIMES CALLED LOCAL.
  • 00:23:04.802 --> 00:23:07.038
  • HERE'S HOW THEY WORK.
  • 00:23:07.138 --> 00:23:08.339
  • FEDERAL OR NATIONALELECTIONS TAKE PLACE
  • 00:23:08.439 --> 00:23:10.575
  • EVERY EVEN NUMBERED YEAR.
  • 00:23:10.675 --> 00:23:12.076
  • SENATORS SERVESIX YEAR TERMS.
  • 00:23:12.176 --> 00:23:14.345
  • THE PRESIDENT TERMSA 4 YEAR TERM AND
  • 00:23:14.445 --> 00:23:16.347
  • CONGRESSIONAL MEMBERSSERVE 2 YEAR TERMS.
  • 00:23:16.447 --> 00:23:18.449
  • EVERY TWO YEARS ONE-THIRDOF THE SENATE AND THE
  • 00:23:18.550 --> 00:23:21.119
  • ENTIRE HOUSE OFREPRESENTATIVES IS UP
  • 00:23:21.219 --> 00:23:22.921
  • FOR ELECTION.
  • 00:23:23.021 --> 00:23:24.322
  • AND EVERY FOUR YEARSTHE PRESIDENT IS ON
  • 00:23:24.422 --> 00:23:26.257
  • THE BALLOT.
  • 00:23:26.357 --> 00:23:27.392
  • THE YEARS WHEN THEPRESIDENT ISN'T UP FOR
  • 00:23:27.492 --> 00:23:29.027
  • ELECTION ARE CALLED ANOFF YEAR OR
  • 00:23:29.127 --> 00:23:30.261
  • MIDTERM ELECTIONS.
  • 00:23:30.361 --> 00:23:31.963
  • EVERY 2 YEAR IS IMPORTANTFOR IN IT CITIZENS CHOOSE
  • 00:23:32.063 --> 00:23:33.531
  • ALL 435 MEMBERS OF THEHOUSE AND ONE-THIRD OF
  • 00:23:33.631 --> 00:23:39.003
  • THE SENATE.
  • 00:23:39.103 --> 00:23:40.605
  • SO EACH ELECTION GIVESTHE PEOPLE A CHANCE TO
  • 00:23:40.705 --> 00:23:42.740
  • DECIDE WHICH POLITICALPARTY, DEMOCRATS OR
  • 00:23:42.840 --> 00:23:45.443
  • REPUBLICANS WILL HOLD AMAJORITY IN EACH CHAMBER
  • 00:23:45.543 --> 00:23:47.579
  • OF CONGRESS FORTHE NEXT TWO YEARS.
  • 00:23:47.679 --> 00:23:49.581
  • AND THEY DO THE SAMEWITH PRESIDENT
  • 00:23:49.681 --> 00:23:51.316
  • EVERY FOUR YEARS.
  • 00:23:51.416 --> 00:23:52.650
  • MOST STATE ELECTIONSOCCUR ALONG WITH FEDERAL
  • 00:23:52.750 --> 00:23:55.186
  • ELECTIONS BUT A FEWSTATES HAVE THEIR STATE
  • 00:23:55.286 --> 00:23:57.822
  • ELECTIONS IN ODDNUMBERED YEARS.
  • 00:23:57.922 --> 00:23:59.891
  • MOST MEMBERS OF STATEHOUSES OF REPRESENTATIVES
  • 00:23:59.991 --> 00:24:02.060
  • SERVE TWO YEARS AND MOSTGOVERNORS AND STATE
  • 00:24:02.160 --> 00:24:04.395
  • SENATORS SERVEFOUR YEARS.
  • 00:24:04.495 --> 00:24:06.564
  • SOME STATES ALSO ELECTTHEIR JUDGES AND OFTEN
  • 00:24:06.664 --> 00:24:09.634
  • BALLOT INITIATIVES ORSTATE CONSTITUTIONAL
  • 00:24:09.734 --> 00:24:11.369
  • AMENDMENTS ARE ONTHE SAME BALLOT.
  • 00:24:11.469 --> 00:24:13.304
  • THEN WHEN IT COMES TOMUNICIPAL OR LOCAL
  • 00:24:13.404 --> 00:24:15.406
  • ELECTIONS THEY FOLLOWTHEIR OWN SCHEDULES.
  • 00:24:15.506 --> 00:24:17.976
  • THESE ARE THE ELECTIONSIN WHICH WE CHOOSE
  • 00:24:18.076 --> 00:24:19.711
  • OFFICIALS SUCH AS MAYOR,CITY COUNCIL, SCHOOL
  • 00:24:19.811 --> 00:24:22.814
  • BOARD, SHARE I HAVEOR LOCAL JUDGES.
  • 00:24:22.914 --> 00:24:24.649
  • THE LENGTH OF OFFICEFOR LOCAL OFFICIALS ARE
  • 00:24:24.749 --> 00:24:26.918
  • USUALLY 2 OR4 YEAR TERMS.
  • 00:24:27.018 --> 00:24:28.753
  • BUT LOCAL ELECTIONS OFTENTAKE PLACE AT A DIFFERENT
  • 00:24:28.853 --> 00:24:31.255
  • TIME THAN FEDERALOR STATE ELECTIONS.
  • 00:24:31.356 --> 00:24:33.558
  • OKAY.
  • 00:24:33.658 --> 00:24:34.726
  • THAT MAY SEEM LIKE A LOTTO REMEMBER BUT REALLY
  • 00:24:34.826 --> 00:24:37.362
  • ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ISWHEN FEDERAL, STATE, AND
  • 00:24:37.462 --> 00:24:39.731
  • LOCAL ELECTIONS AREHAPPENING IN YOUR AREA
  • 00:24:39.831 --> 00:24:42.400
  • EACH OF THESE ELECTIONSWILL SHAPE THE
  • 00:24:42.500 --> 00:24:44.702
  • ENVIRONMENT IN WHICH YOULIVE FOR THEY DETERMINE
  • 00:24:44.802 --> 00:24:46.871
  • THE LEADERS WHOWILL GOVERN YOU.
  • 00:24:46.971 --> 00:24:48.506
  • THEIR POLICIES WILLAFFECT YOU WHETHER YOU
  • 00:24:48.606 --> 00:24:51.175
  • WANT THEM TO OR NOT.
  • 00:24:51.275 --> 00:24:52.710
  • THAT'S WHY IT'S SOIMPORTANT FOR YOU TO STAY
  • 00:24:52.810 --> 00:24:54.746
  • ENGAGED IN WHAT'SHAPPENING WHERE YOU LIVE.
  • 00:24:54.846 --> 00:24:56.614
  • DON'T LET ANYELECTION PASS YOU BY.
  • 00:24:56.714 --> 00:24:59.017
  • STAY INFORMED ANDCAST YOUR VOTE.
  • 00:24:59.117 --> 00:25:01.252
  • REMEMBER, IMPORTANTELECTIONS HAPPEN EVERY
  • 00:25:01.352 --> 00:25:03.855
  • YEAR AND SOMETIMES MORETHAN ONCE A YEAR, BUT
  • 00:25:03.955 --> 00:25:06.791
  • ONLY ONE IN FOURAMERICANS ACTUALLY VOTE
  • 00:25:06.891 --> 00:25:09.460
  • IN A NON PRESIDENTIALELECTION.
  • 00:25:09.560 --> 00:25:10.962
  • THAT'S NOT GOOD.
  • 00:25:11.062 --> 00:25:12.597
  • YOU CAN BE PART OFCHANGING THAT STATISTIC.
  • 00:25:12.697 --> 00:25:16.067
  • - AS WE LOOK ATELECTIONS, ONE OF THE
  • 00:25:16.167 --> 00:25:17.035
  • IMPORTANT QUESTIONSIS HOW DO WE CHOOSE
  • 00:25:17.135 --> 00:25:18.603
  • A PRESIDENT?
  • 00:25:18.703 --> 00:25:19.671
  • IN AMERICA, THE PRESIDENTHAS ALWAYS BEEN THE
  • 00:25:19.771 --> 00:25:21.539
  • ICONIC POLITICAL FIGUREWHO IS REPRESENTED THE
  • 00:25:21.639 --> 00:25:24.475
  • ENTIRE NATION, SO WE HAVETO ASK THE QUESTION, HOW
  • 00:25:24.575 --> 00:25:27.412
  • DO WE GET GOODPRESIDENTS?
  • 00:25:27.512 --> 00:25:29.213
  • HOW DO WE AVOIDBAD PRESIDENTS?
  • 00:25:29.313 --> 00:25:30.915
  • AND WHAT PART DO WEPLAY IN THE PROCESS?
  • 00:25:31.015 --> 00:25:33.251
  • - THIS WAS THE QUESTIONTHE FOUNDING FATHERS
  • 00:25:33.351 --> 00:25:35.353
  • ASKED BECAUSE AS THEYWERE WRITING THE
  • 00:25:35.453 --> 00:25:36.988
  • CONSTITUTION, THEY HAVESAID WE'RE GOING TO HAVE
  • 00:25:37.088 --> 00:25:39.991
  • A PRESIDENT ARTICLE 2 OFTHE CONSTITUTION, HERE'S
  • 00:25:40.091 --> 00:25:41.859
  • WHO HE IS AND HERE'SWHAT HE IS TO DO.
  • 00:25:41.959 --> 00:25:43.795
  • EXCEPT THEY NEVER HAD APRESIDENT BEFORE, SO THE
  • 00:25:43.895 --> 00:25:46.264
  • QUESTION IS OKAY, UNDER ANEW CONSTITUTION, HOW DO
  • 00:25:46.364 --> 00:25:48.566
  • WE CHOOSE A PRESIDENT?
  • 00:25:48.666 --> 00:25:50.902
  • SO THEY CAME UP WITHVARIOUS IDEAS AS THEY
  • 00:25:51.002 --> 00:25:52.670
  • WERE DEBATING, AND ONE OFTHE IDEAS WAS WELL, LET'S
  • 00:25:52.770 --> 00:25:55.506
  • LET CONGRESS CHOOSETHE PRESIDENT.
  • 00:25:55.606 --> 00:25:57.542
  • MADE SOME SENSE, BUT THENTHEY SAID BUT YOU KNOW,
  • 00:25:57.642 --> 00:26:00.511
  • IF WE DO THAT, IFCONGRESS CHOOSES THE
  • 00:26:00.611 --> 00:26:02.480
  • PRESIDENT WE'RE SUPPOSEDTO BE A SEPARATE BRANCH
  • 00:26:02.580 --> 00:26:05.116
  • FROM HIM, BUT NOW HE'LLBE BEHOLDING TO CONGRESS,
  • 00:26:05.216 --> 00:26:07.785
  • AND SO WE'LL REALLY LOSETHE CHECKS AND BALANCES
  • 00:26:07.885 --> 00:26:10.755
  • WE'RE SUPPOSED TOHAVE IN WRITING THIS.
  • 00:26:10.855 --> 00:26:12.690
  • SO DON'T THINK CONGRESSSHOULD CHOOSE
  • 00:26:12.790 --> 00:26:14.358
  • THE PRESIDENT.
  • 00:26:14.459 --> 00:26:15.493
  • AND BY THE WAY, THAT ALSOOPENS IT UP TO CORRUPTION
  • 00:26:15.593 --> 00:26:18.029
  • AND FOREIGN INFLUENCE.
  • 00:26:18.129 --> 00:26:19.197
  • A FOREIGN LEADER CAN COMEIN AND BUY CONGRESSMAN, A
  • 00:26:19.297 --> 00:26:21.532
  • HANDFUL OF CONGRESSMEN ALOT FASTER THAN HE CAN
  • 00:26:21.632 --> 00:26:23.401
  • BUY A BUNCH OF PEOPLE SOIT'S PROBABLY NOT A
  • 00:26:23.501 --> 00:26:25.870
  • GOOD IDEA.
  • 00:26:25.970 --> 00:26:27.305
  • SO THE NEXT IDEA WASOKAY, LET'S LET THE
  • 00:26:27.405 --> 00:26:30.041
  • STATES CHOOSETHE PRESIDENT.
  • 00:26:30.141 --> 00:26:31.375
  • AND THAT WAS A PRETTYGOOD IDEA BECAUSE THAT'S
  • 00:26:31.476 --> 00:26:33.811
  • REALLY IMPORTANT INTHE CONSTITUTION.
  • 00:26:33.911 --> 00:26:34.946
  • BUT THEN SAID YOU KNOW,IF WE LET THE STATES
  • 00:26:35.046 --> 00:26:37.248
  • CHOOSE THE PRESIDENT,THEN THAT REALLY KIND OF
  • 00:26:37.348 --> 00:26:40.151
  • VIOLATES THE SEPARATIONPOWERS WE'VE ESTABLISHED
  • 00:26:40.251 --> 00:26:42.186
  • IN THE CONSTITUTIONBETWEEN THE FEDERAL AND
  • 00:26:42.286 --> 00:26:43.955
  • THE STATE GOVERNMENTBECAUSE THE STATE
  • 00:26:44.055 --> 00:26:45.590
  • GOVERNMENT IS SUPPOSEDTO BE ABLE TO CHECK THE
  • 00:26:45.690 --> 00:26:46.824
  • FEDERAL GOVERNMENTAND VICE VERSA.
  • 00:26:46.924 --> 00:26:48.726
  • BUT NOW THE PRESIDENTWOULD BE BEHOLDING TO THE
  • 00:26:48.826 --> 00:26:51.629
  • STATES SO WE LOSE THATCHECK AND BALANCE.
  • 00:26:51.729 --> 00:26:53.698
  • SO OKAY, HOWABOUT THE PEOPLE?
  • 00:26:53.798 --> 00:26:56.534
  • LET THE PEOPLE.
  • 00:26:56.634 --> 00:26:57.869
  • THAT'S REALLY IMPORTANTBECAUSE THIS IS A
  • 00:26:57.969 --> 00:26:59.070
  • GOVERNMENT OF THE PEOPLE.
  • 00:26:59.170 --> 00:27:00.271
  • IT SAYS WE THE PEOPLEAT THE TOP OF THE
  • 00:27:00.371 --> 00:27:01.572
  • CONSTITUTION.
  • 00:27:01.672 --> 00:27:02.340
  • IT'S REALLY GOOD.
  • 00:27:02.440 --> 00:27:03.441
  • BUT THEN THE OTHERSRAISED, PEOPLE LIKE
  • 00:27:03.541 --> 00:27:05.443
  • GEORGE HILLHOUSE WHOWAS A MEMBER OF THE VERY
  • 00:27:05.543 --> 00:27:07.311
  • FIRST CONGRESS, YOU KNOWTHE PROBLEM WITH THAT IS,
  • 00:27:07.411 --> 00:27:10.047
  • ALL THE BIG STATESCAN GET TOGETHER.
  • 00:27:10.148 --> 00:27:11.883
  • YOU CAN HAVE MASSACHUSETTS,AND NEW YORK,
  • 00:27:11.983 --> 00:27:14.652
  • AND PENNSYLVANIA,AND VIRGINIA ALL GET
  • 00:27:14.752 --> 00:27:16.621
  • TOGETHER AND SAY WE DON'TCARE ABOUT YOU OTHER
  • 00:27:16.721 --> 00:27:18.556
  • NINE STATES, WE'RE GONNACHOOSE THE PRESIDENT AND
  • 00:27:18.656 --> 00:27:21.058
  • YOU GUYS DON'T HAVE ANY.
  • 00:27:21.159 --> 00:27:22.593
  • AND HE SAYS YOU COULDHAVE A COMBINATION OF
  • 00:27:22.693 --> 00:27:25.263
  • POPULATION CENTERS GETTOGETHER AND SHUT OFF THE
  • 00:27:25.363 --> 00:27:28.132
  • VOICE OF THE REST OF THEPEOPLE, THE REST OF THE
  • 00:27:28.232 --> 00:27:30.501
  • NATION, AND IF YOU LIVEDIN A RURAL STATE, YOU
  • 00:27:30.601 --> 00:27:32.870
  • WOULD NEVER HAVE A VOICE INCHOOSING THE PRESIDENT.
  • 00:27:32.970 --> 00:27:35.106
  • IT WOULD BE UP TOTHE BIG CITIES.
  • 00:27:35.206 --> 00:27:36.574
  • SO THEY SAID HMMM...THAT'S A GOOD POINT,
  • 00:27:36.674 --> 00:27:39.443
  • WHY DON'T WE DO SOMETHINGTHAT TAKES A COMBINATION
  • 00:27:39.544 --> 00:27:42.713
  • OF THIS, WHICH IS WHAT WE NOWCALL THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE.
  • 00:27:42.814 --> 00:27:46.384
  • IT'S UNIQUE.
  • 00:27:46.484 --> 00:27:47.585
  • THERE'S NO OTHER NATIONIN THE WORLD THAT HAS A
  • 00:27:47.685 --> 00:27:50.354
  • SYSTEM LIKE THEY CAMEUP WITH BACK THEN.
  • 00:27:50.454 --> 00:27:52.290
  • IT'S BEEN A SUPERSUCCESSFUL SYSTEM WHERE
  • 00:27:52.390 --> 00:27:54.392
  • IT SAYS WE WANT TOINCLUDE THE VOICE OF THE
  • 00:27:54.492 --> 00:27:56.861
  • PEOPLE WHICH IS REALLYIMPORTANT, ALONG WITH THE
  • 00:27:56.961 --> 00:27:58.996
  • VOICE OF THE STATES WHICHIS REALLY IMPORTANT,
  • 00:27:59.096 --> 00:28:01.499
  • SO HERE'S THE SYSTEM WECAN DO TO CREATE THAT.
  • 00:28:01.599 --> 00:28:04.268
  • THAT'S REALLY ONE OF THECOOL THINGS WHEN THEY
  • 00:28:04.368 --> 00:28:06.070
  • WROTE THE CONSTITUTIONTHEY CAME UP WITH
  • 00:28:06.170 --> 00:28:07.738
  • THE BICAMERAL SYSTEM.
  • 00:28:07.839 --> 00:28:09.340
  • WHEN YOU HAVE ALEGISLATURE AT THE
  • 00:28:09.440 --> 00:28:10.975
  • NATIONAL LEVEL ASSEMBLED,YOU HAVE A SMALL STATE
  • 00:28:11.075 --> 00:28:13.911
  • LIKE RHODE ISLAND WITH ASMALL POPULATION, AND SO
  • 00:28:14.011 --> 00:28:16.814
  • YOU HAVE A STATE LIKEVIRGINIA HAS A BIG
  • 00:28:16.914 --> 00:28:18.683
  • POPULATION, EVERY VOTEIN CONGRESS, VIRGINIA'S
  • 00:28:18.783 --> 00:28:22.420
  • GONNA GET ITS WAYS AND RHODEISLAND NEVER GET A VOICE.
  • 00:28:22.520 --> 00:28:24.455
  • SO THEY SAID LET'S CREATETWO BODIES, WE'LL HAVE A
  • 00:28:24.555 --> 00:28:26.858
  • HOUSE AND A SENATE,AND IN THE HOUSE THAT
  • 00:28:26.958 --> 00:28:28.893
  • WILL BE ALL ABOUTYOUR POPULATION.
  • 00:28:28.993 --> 00:28:30.728
  • SO TODAY IF YOU'RECALIFORNIA, THE MOST
  • 00:28:30.828 --> 00:28:32.930
  • POPULOUS STATE, YOUHAVE 54 VOTES IN THE
  • 00:28:33.030 --> 00:28:35.366
  • HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
  • 00:28:35.466 --> 00:28:36.901
  • IF YOU HAPPEN TO BE THESTATE OF MONTANA, YOU
  • 00:28:37.001 --> 00:28:39.770
  • HAVE ONE VOTE IN THEHOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
  • 00:28:39.871 --> 00:28:41.973
  • SO IF MONTANA WANTS TOTAKE ON CALIFORNIA,
  • 00:28:42.073 --> 00:28:43.908
  • THEY'RE GONNALOSE EVERY TIME.
  • 00:28:44.008 --> 00:28:45.443
  • BUT WE ALSO HAVE A U.S.SENATE, AND IN THE SENATE,
  • 00:28:45.543 --> 00:28:48.246
  • EVERY STATE HAS EQUAL VOTES.
  • 00:28:48.346 --> 00:28:50.715
  • EVERY STATE GETS TWOSENATORS, SO YOU HAVE
  • 00:28:50.815 --> 00:28:53.718
  • MONTANA WITH TWOSENATORS, AND YOU HAVE
  • 00:28:53.818 --> 00:28:56.187
  • CALIFORNIA WITHTWO SENATORS.
  • 00:28:56.287 --> 00:28:57.622
  • THEY'RE EQUALIN THE SENATE.
  • 00:28:57.722 --> 00:28:59.190
  • SO WHAT YOU HAVE IS ABICAMERAL SYSTEM WHERE
  • 00:28:59.290 --> 00:29:01.225
  • THE PEOPLE HAVE AVOICE BUT THE STATES
  • 00:29:01.325 --> 00:29:02.927
  • ALSO HAVE A VOICE.
  • 00:29:03.027 --> 00:29:04.595
  • IF IT WAS JUST THE PEOPLEHAVING A VOICE, ALL THE
  • 00:29:04.695 --> 00:29:06.931
  • RURAL AREAS WOULD GET NOREPRESENTATION, AND IF IT
  • 00:29:07.031 --> 00:29:09.901
  • WAS JUST THE STATESHAVING THE VOICE THEN
  • 00:29:10.001 --> 00:29:11.769
  • POPULATIONWOULDN'T MATTER.
  • 00:29:11.869 --> 00:29:13.104
  • SO THEY BROUGHT THATTOGETHER IN THE ELECTORAL
  • 00:29:13.204 --> 00:29:15.373
  • COLLEGE AND SAID OKAY, SOFOR EVERY SENATOR YOU GET
  • 00:29:15.473 --> 00:29:19.043
  • AN ELECTORAL VOTE, ANDFOR EVERY REPRESENTATIVE
  • 00:29:19.143 --> 00:29:21.145
  • YOU GET ANELECTORAL VOTE.
  • 00:29:21.245 --> 00:29:22.413
  • IT'S A BRILLIANT SYSTEMTHEY CAME UP WITH.
  • 00:29:22.513 --> 00:29:24.181
  • - IT REALLY IS A GREATCOMBINATION OF SAYING
  • 00:29:24.282 --> 00:29:25.616
  • WE'RE GONNA GIVE POWER TOTHE STATE BUT ALSO WE'RE
  • 00:29:25.716 --> 00:29:27.652
  • GONNA GIVE POWER TO THEPEOPLE IN THOSE STATES,
  • 00:29:27.752 --> 00:29:30.087
  • AND THIS IS SOMETHINGTHAT TODAY THERE'S A LOT
  • 00:29:30.187 --> 00:29:31.489
  • OF DISCUSSION ABOUT ISTHIS STILL THE BEST WAY
  • 00:29:31.589 --> 00:29:33.758
  • TO DO IT OR IS THERE ABETTER WAY TO DO IT?
  • 00:29:33.858 --> 00:29:36.027
  • AND THE FOUNDING FATHERSHAD MANY OF THOSE
  • 00:29:36.127 --> 00:29:37.328
  • DISCUSSIONS AND DEBATES.
  • 00:29:37.428 --> 00:29:38.663
  • WE JUST NEED TO DIG ALITTLE DEEPER AND
  • 00:29:38.763 --> 00:29:39.830
  • FIND OUT WHAT ISELECTORAL COLLEGE AND
  • 00:29:39.931 --> 00:29:41.198
  • HOW DOES IT REALLY WORK.
  • 00:29:41.299 --> 00:29:43.367
  • - WHAT IS THEELECTORAL COLLEGE?
  • 00:29:46.871 --> 00:29:49.173
  • MOST PEOPLE HAVE HEARDOF THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE
  • 00:29:49.273 --> 00:29:51.542
  • DURING PRESIDENTIALELECTIONS.
  • 00:29:51.642 --> 00:29:53.978
  • BUT WHAT IS THEELECTORAL COLLEGE
  • 00:29:54.078 --> 00:29:55.646
  • AND HOW DOES IT WORK?
  • 00:29:55.746 --> 00:29:57.415
  • THE BALANCE OF POWERWAS A BIG DEAL TO
  • 00:29:57.515 --> 00:29:59.116
  • OUR NATION'S FOUNDERS.
  • 00:29:59.216 --> 00:30:00.952
  • THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE WASCREATED TO ENSURE BALANCE
  • 00:30:01.052 --> 00:30:03.955
  • AND GIVE ALL 50STATES A FAIR VOICE
  • 00:30:04.055 --> 00:30:05.923
  • IN THE ELECTION PROCESS.
  • 00:30:06.023 --> 00:30:07.858
  • A PRESIDENT WINS THEELECTION BY ELECTORAL VOTES.
  • 00:30:07.959 --> 00:30:10.761
  • THERE ARE 538 ELECTORALVOTES THAT ARE DIVIDED UP
  • 00:30:10.861 --> 00:30:14.131
  • BETWEEN THE STATES.
  • 00:30:14.231 --> 00:30:15.666
  • THAT NUMBER IS BASEDON THE TOTAL VOTING
  • 00:30:15.766 --> 00:30:17.535
  • MEMBERSHIP OF THEUNITED STATES CONGRESS.
  • 00:30:17.635 --> 00:30:19.937
  • 435 REPRESENTATIVESPLUS 100 SENATORS,
  • 00:30:20.037 --> 00:30:23.441
  • PLUS THREE ELECTORS FROM D.C.
  • 00:30:23.541 --> 00:30:25.443
  • EACH STATE GETS ACERTAIN AMOUNT OF THESE
  • 00:30:25.543 --> 00:30:27.778
  • 538 ELECTORAL VOTES BASEDON THEIR POPULATION.
  • 00:30:27.878 --> 00:30:31.482
  • THE BIGGER THE POPULATION,THE MORE VOTES.
  • 00:30:31.582 --> 00:30:34.485
  • TEXAS HAS 38 VOTES.FLORIDA GETS 29.
  • 00:30:34.585 --> 00:30:37.955
  • YOU GET THE PICTURE.
  • 00:30:38.055 --> 00:30:39.357
  • BUT GET THIS, IN MOSTSTATES THE CANDIDATE WHO
  • 00:30:39.457 --> 00:30:41.625
  • WINS THE POPULAR VOTEWINS ALL OF THE
  • 00:30:41.726 --> 00:30:43.728
  • STATE'S ELECTORAL VOTES.
  • 00:30:43.828 --> 00:30:45.696
  • THAT'S RIGHT.WINNER TAKES ALL,
  • 00:30:45.796 --> 00:30:48.499
  • EVEN IF THE VOTING IS CLOSE.
  • 00:30:48.599 --> 00:30:50.501
  • SO IF A CANDIDATE WINSTHE MOST VOTES IN TEXAS,
  • 00:30:50.601 --> 00:30:53.571
  • THEY GET ALL 38 OF THETEXAS ELECTORAL VOTES.
  • 00:30:53.671 --> 00:30:57.008
  • IF THEY WIN THE MOSTVOTES IN FLORIDA,
  • 00:30:57.108 --> 00:30:58.909
  • EVEN BY JUST A SMALL AMOUNT,
  • 00:30:59.010 --> 00:31:01.145
  • THEY GET ALL 29 OF THOSEELECTORAL VOTES.
  • 00:31:01.245 --> 00:31:04.749
  • THAT'S WHY IT'S RARE BUTPOSSIBLE FOR A CANDIDATE
  • 00:31:04.849 --> 00:31:07.551
  • TO LOSE THE POPULAR VOTEBUT WIN THE ELECTORAL VOTE
  • 00:31:07.651 --> 00:31:11.155
  • JUST AS RUTHERFORD B. HAYES,
  • 00:31:11.255 --> 00:31:13.357
  • GEORGE W. BUSH OR EVENDONALD TRUMP.
  • 00:31:13.457 --> 00:31:15.993
  • AT THE END OF THE DAY,THE ELECTORAL VOTES
  • 00:31:16.093 --> 00:31:17.695
  • FROM EACH STATE ARE TALLIED TO
  • 00:31:17.795 --> 00:31:19.363
  • DETERMINE THE ULTIMATE WINNER.
  • 00:31:19.463 --> 00:31:21.332
  • THE CANDIDATE WITH THEMAJORITY VOTE IN THE
  • 00:31:21.432 --> 00:31:23.100
  • ELECTORAL COLLEGEGETS ELECTED.
  • 00:31:23.200 --> 00:31:26.337
  • - AS WE LOOK AT ELECTINGPRESIDENTS, WE SEE THERE
  • 00:31:26.437 --> 00:31:28.005
  • IS A DISTINCTION BETWEENTHE NATIONAL POPULAR VOTE
  • 00:31:28.105 --> 00:31:30.274
  • AND THE ELECTORALCOLLEGE, ALTHOUGH WHEN
  • 00:31:30.374 --> 00:31:32.777
  • YOU LOOK AT THECOMBINATION OF THE TWO,
  • 00:31:32.877 --> 00:31:35.613
  • MOST PRESIDENTS THAT WINTHE PRESIDENCY ACTUALLY
  • 00:31:35.713 --> 00:31:38.182
  • WIN THE MAJORITY OFTHE POPULATION VOTES
  • 00:31:38.282 --> 00:31:40.985
  • AND THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE.
  • 00:31:41.085 --> 00:31:42.953
  • IN FACT, ONE OF MYFAVORITE EXAMPLES IS
  • 00:31:43.054 --> 00:31:44.455
  • GEORGE WASHINGTON BECAUSENOT ONLY WAS HE ELECTED
  • 00:31:44.555 --> 00:31:48.192
  • BY THE MAJORITY OF THEPOPULATION, HE ACTUALLY
  • 00:31:48.292 --> 00:31:50.995
  • WAS THE ONLY PRESIDENT TOUNANIMOUSLY BE ELECTED BY
  • 00:31:51.095 --> 00:31:55.066
  • THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE,SO THE MAJORITY OF EVERY
  • 00:31:55.166 --> 00:31:57.935
  • SINGLE STATE SAIDTHAT'S THE GUY WE WANT.
  • 00:31:58.035 --> 00:32:00.037
  • NOBODY ELSE HASHAD THAT HONOR.
  • 00:32:00.137 --> 00:32:01.472
  • - YEAH, WASHINGTONUNANIMOUS AND SHOULD HAVE
  • 00:32:01.572 --> 00:32:03.407
  • BEEN BECAUSE HISTORIANSAGREE WITHOUT WASHINGTON,
  • 00:32:03.507 --> 00:32:06.377
  • THERE IS NO UNITEDSTATES OF AMERICA.
  • 00:32:06.477 --> 00:32:08.479
  • THAT'S WHY HE'S CALLED"THE INDISPENSABLE MAN"
  • 00:32:08.579 --> 00:32:10.514
  • IN MODERN BIOGRAPHIESABOUT HIM.
  • 00:32:10.614 --> 00:32:12.283
  • BUT WASHINGTON ALMOST HADSOME COMPETITION IN THE
  • 00:32:12.383 --> 00:32:15.453
  • ELECTORAL COLLEGE BECAUSEWHEN JAMES MONROE WAS
  • 00:32:15.553 --> 00:32:17.521
  • CHOSEN PRESIDENT, HE WASTHE FIFTH PRESIDENT, HE
  • 00:32:17.621 --> 00:32:20.157
  • TOO WAS GOING TO HAVE AUNANIMOUS VOTE, AND ONE
  • 00:32:20.257 --> 00:32:23.327
  • OF THE ELECTORATES SAIDNO, NO, NO, WASHINGTON
  • 00:32:23.427 --> 00:32:25.996
  • NEEDS TO BE THE ONLY GUY,HE NEEDS THAT DISTINCTION
  • 00:32:26.097 --> 00:32:28.399
  • OF BEING THE ONLY GUY.
  • 00:32:28.499 --> 00:32:30.167
  • SO ONE ELECTORATE CASTHIS VOTE AGAINST MONROE
  • 00:32:30.267 --> 00:32:32.736
  • KNOWING THAT WOULDN'TMAKE A DIFFERENCE BUT
  • 00:32:32.837 --> 00:32:34.405
  • WANTED TO KEEP WASHINGTONTHERE TO ELEVATE HIS SPOT.
  • 00:32:34.505 --> 00:32:36.841
  • - AND THAT ACTUALLYMAKES ME RESPECT MONROE A
  • 00:32:36.941 --> 00:32:38.609
  • LITTLE BIT MORE IN THATREGARD BECAUSE CERTAINLY
  • 00:32:38.709 --> 00:32:41.078
  • IF YOU LOOK AT GEORGEWASHINGTON, WHAT
  • 00:32:41.178 --> 00:32:43.013
  • WASHINGTON DID STARTINGIN HIS MILITARY CAREER
  • 00:32:43.114 --> 00:32:45.282
  • BACK IN THE FRENCH ANDINDIAN WAR, THEN AS
  • 00:32:45.382 --> 00:32:47.051
  • COMMANDER OF THE MILITARYFORCES THROUGHOUT THE
  • 00:32:47.151 --> 00:32:48.786
  • AMERICAN REVOLUTION, HEWAS THE GUY IN CHARGE OF
  • 00:32:48.886 --> 00:32:51.188
  • THE CONSTITUTIONALINVENTION WHEN WE WROTE
  • 00:32:51.288 --> 00:32:52.823
  • THE CONSTITUTION, HE'STHE FIRST PRESIDENT.
  • 00:32:52.923 --> 00:32:55.192
  • SO MUCH OF WHAT WE HAVEIN AMERICA COULD NOT HAVE
  • 00:32:55.292 --> 00:32:57.228
  • HAPPENED, AMERICACOULDN'T HAVE EXISTED
  • 00:32:57.328 --> 00:32:58.662
  • ARGUABLY WITHOUTGEORGE WASHINGTON.
  • 00:32:58.762 --> 00:33:00.965
  • SO EVEN THOUGH MONROE WASCLEARLY POPULAR ENOUGH TO
  • 00:33:01.065 --> 00:33:04.235
  • WIN THE MAJORITY OFACTUALLY WIN EVERY
  • 00:33:04.335 --> 00:33:06.971
  • ELECTORAL VOTE, BUT THEREWAS THAT ONE GUY WHO
  • 00:33:07.071 --> 00:33:08.873
  • THOUGHT YOU'RE NOT AS SPECIALAS GEORGE WASHINGTON.
  • 00:33:08.973 --> 00:33:11.308
  • I WANT TO KNOWWHO THAT GUY WAS.
  • 00:33:11.408 --> 00:33:13.110
  • I APPRECIATE THAT GUYTHAT HE TOOK THAT POSITION.
  • 00:33:13.210 --> 00:33:15.746
  • THERE'S PEOPLE IN CLOSERMORE MODERN ERA ALSO WHO
  • 00:33:15.846 --> 00:33:18.582
  • DID VERY WELL BECAUSEIF YOU LOOK AT RONALD
  • 00:33:18.682 --> 00:33:20.317
  • REAGAN, THIS WAS A LITTLEBEFORE MY COGNIZANCE
  • 00:33:20.417 --> 00:33:23.320
  • IN THE POLITICALREALM BECAUSE I WAS JUST
  • 00:33:23.420 --> 00:33:25.789
  • A WEE CHILD AT THATPOINT, BUT RONALD REAGAN
  • 00:33:25.890 --> 00:33:27.958
  • AND THE MONDALE ELECTION,NOT ONLY DID HE WIN THE
  • 00:33:28.058 --> 00:33:30.394
  • POPULAR VOTE, HE WON49 OUT OF 50 STATES.
  • 00:33:30.494 --> 00:33:35.666
  • FOR THE ELECTORAL COLLEGEJUST A LANDSLIDE FOR
  • 00:33:35.766 --> 00:33:39.103
  • RONALD REAGAN, SO WHATYOU SEE IS FOR MOST
  • 00:33:39.203 --> 00:33:41.472
  • PRESIDENTS, NOT ONLY DOTHEY WIN THE MAJORITY OF
  • 00:33:41.572 --> 00:33:43.941
  • THE POPULAR VOTE, THEMAJORITY OF THE PEOPLE IN
  • 00:33:44.041 --> 00:33:46.110
  • AMERICA VOTE FOR THATPERSON, THEY ALSO WIN
  • 00:33:46.210 --> 00:33:48.379
  • THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE.
  • 00:33:48.479 --> 00:33:49.847
  • BUT YOU DO SEE A FEW RAREOCCASIONS WHERE SOMEONE
  • 00:33:49.947 --> 00:33:54.285
  • DIDN'T WIN THE MAJORITYOF THE POPULAR VOTE BUT
  • 00:33:54.385 --> 00:33:56.287
  • THEY WON THE MAJORITY OFTHE STATES SO THEY WON
  • 00:33:56.387 --> 00:33:58.923
  • THE ELECTORAL COLLEGEBECAUSE MAYBE, FOR EXAMPLE,
  • 00:33:59.023 --> 00:34:00.858
  • THEY DIDN'T WINCALIFORNIA AND NEW YORK
  • 00:34:00.958 --> 00:34:03.360
  • BUT THEY WON ALMOSTEVERYTHING ELSE.
  • 00:34:03.460 --> 00:34:04.862
  • WELL, CALIFORNIA AND NEWYORK HAVE A PRETTY BIG
  • 00:34:04.962 --> 00:34:07.198
  • POPULATION HUB, SO IT'SPOSSIBLE THAT YOU LOST A
  • 00:34:07.298 --> 00:34:10.868
  • COUPLE OF STATES WHERETHE MAJORITY OF THE
  • 00:34:10.968 --> 00:34:12.136
  • POPULATION OF AMERICA IS,OR AT LEAST THE MAJORITY
  • 00:34:12.236 --> 00:34:14.104
  • OF VOTERS, AND YOUSTILL WON THE ELECTION.
  • 00:34:14.205 --> 00:34:16.440
  • SO HISTORICALLY BACK UPBEFORE THERE WERE EVEN 50
  • 00:34:16.540 --> 00:34:18.676
  • STATES, THE SIXTH PRESIDENTOF THE UNITED STATES,
  • 00:34:18.776 --> 00:34:20.778
  • JOHN QUINCY ADAMS,THAT HAPPENED FOR HIM.
  • 00:34:20.878 --> 00:34:23.080
  • - YEAH, JOHN QUINCYADAMS WAS REALLY
  • 00:34:23.180 --> 00:34:24.782
  • A VERY POPULAR GUY.
  • 00:34:24.882 --> 00:34:26.417
  • I MEAN HE WAS A GUY THATGOES ALL THE WAY BACK TO
  • 00:34:26.517 --> 00:34:27.952
  • THE AMERICAN WAR FORINDEPENDENCE, AND HE GOT
  • 00:34:28.052 --> 00:34:30.020
  • HIS START VERY YOUNG.
  • 00:34:30.120 --> 00:34:31.422
  • AT EIGHT YEARS OLD,HE'S GOT HIS MUSKET WITH
  • 00:34:31.522 --> 00:34:32.990
  • THE MASSACHUSETTS MINUTE MEN.
  • 00:34:33.090 --> 00:34:34.558
  • AT TEN YEARS OLD, HE'SACTUALLY THE SECRETARY TO
  • 00:34:34.658 --> 00:34:36.760
  • THE AMBASSADOR OF FRANCE.
  • 00:34:36.860 --> 00:34:38.529
  • - WHO HAPPENED TO BE HISFATHER. LET'S CLARIFY.
  • 00:34:38.629 --> 00:34:41.298
  • CONGRESS IS LIKE YEAH,YOU CAN GO WITH YOUR DAD,
  • 00:34:41.398 --> 00:34:43.367
  • KEEP NOTES FORHIM, IT'S FINE.
  • 00:34:43.467 --> 00:34:45.269
  • THAT STILL WAS IMPRESSIVETO HAVE A TEN YEAR OLD IN
  • 00:34:45.369 --> 00:34:47.871
  • THE ROOM WITH WORLDLEADERS AND DIPLOMATS.
  • 00:34:47.972 --> 00:34:50.241
  • SO NOT TO LOOK DOWN ON ITTOO MUCH, BUT HE DID GO
  • 00:34:50.341 --> 00:34:52.543
  • WITH HIS FATHER WHEN HEWAS TEN, I THINK ELEVEN.
  • 00:34:52.643 --> 00:34:54.845
  • WHEN HE WAS 14, HE HADANOTHER APPOINTMENT.
  • 00:34:54.945 --> 00:34:56.780
  • - YEAH AT 14, CONGRESSSENT HIM TO THE COURT OF
  • 00:34:56.880 --> 00:34:59.650
  • CATHERINE THE GREAT INRUSSIA, BECAME THE OFFICIAL
  • 00:34:59.750 --> 00:35:01.685
  • TRANSLATOR. SO HE'S A 14YEAR OLD AND HE SPOKE
  • 00:35:01.785 --> 00:35:04.188
  • SIX LANGUAGES AT THE TIME.
  • 00:35:04.288 --> 00:35:06.056
  • HE BECOMES ACTUALLY THEGUY WHO HELPS ARRANGE THE
  • 00:35:06.156 --> 00:35:08.792
  • PEACE TREATY TO ENDTHE REVOLUTION.
  • 00:35:08.892 --> 00:35:10.294
  • CONGRESS SENT HIM THERE.
  • 00:35:10.394 --> 00:35:11.729
  • SO HE HAS AN EARLY START INTHE AMERICAN REVOLUTION.
  • 00:35:11.829 --> 00:35:14.598
  • HE BECOMES A DIPLOMATUNDER GEORGE WASHINGTON.
  • 00:35:14.698 --> 00:35:17.334
  • WASHINGTON SAID HE'S THEBEST FOREIGN DIPLOMAT WE
  • 00:35:17.434 --> 00:35:19.236
  • HAVE, HANDS DOWN. HE'S ADIPLOMAT UNDER HIS FATHER,
  • 00:35:19.336 --> 00:35:22.106
  • PRESIDENT JOHN ADAMS.
  • 00:35:22.206 --> 00:35:23.874
  • HE WAS A U.S. SENATOR UNDERPRESIDENT THOMAS JEFFERSON.
  • 00:35:23.974 --> 00:35:26.677
  • UNDER THE FOURTHPRESIDENT, JAMES MADISON,
  • 00:35:26.777 --> 00:35:28.979
  • HE GOES BACK TO BEINGA DIPLOMAT, ACTUALLY
  • 00:35:29.079 --> 00:35:30.881
  • NEGOTIATED THE ENDOF THE WAR OF 1812.
  • 00:35:30.981 --> 00:35:33.350
  • UNDER THE FIFTHPRESIDENT, JAMES MONROE,
  • 00:35:33.450 --> 00:35:35.352
  • HE'S SECRETARY OF STATE.
  • 00:35:35.452 --> 00:35:36.754
  • AND THEN HE'S NOW REALLYPOPULAR, WELL KNOWN, HE'S
  • 00:35:36.854 --> 00:35:39.857
  • RUNNING FOR PRESIDENT TOBE THE SIXTH PRESIDENT OF
  • 00:35:39.957 --> 00:35:42.226
  • THE UNITED STATES, ANDSO HIS NAME IS OUT THERE
  • 00:35:42.326 --> 00:35:44.628
  • REALLY WELL KNOWN, BUTTHERE'S A LOT OF PEOPLE
  • 00:35:44.728 --> 00:35:46.263
  • RUNNING FOR PRESIDENT.HE'S NOT THE ONLY GUY.
  • 00:35:46.363 --> 00:35:48.432
  • AND SO AS THE RESULTSCOME IN, NOBODY HAS A
  • 00:35:48.532 --> 00:35:51.268
  • CLEAR MAJORITY OF ALL THEVOTES, HAVING A MAJORITY
  • 00:35:51.368 --> 00:35:54.104
  • OF THE POPULAR VOTE,HAVING A MAJORITY OF THE
  • 00:35:54.204 --> 00:35:56.373
  • ELECTORAL VOTES, ANDSO WHAT DO YOU DO
  • 00:35:56.473 --> 00:35:59.076
  • IN A SITUATION?
  • 00:35:59.176 --> 00:36:00.411
  • WISELY, THE FOUNDINGFATHER SAID IF WE EVER
  • 00:36:00.511 --> 00:36:02.179
  • HAVE A SITUATION WHERETHAT NOBODY GETS A CLEAR
  • 00:36:02.279 --> 00:36:05.616
  • MAJORITY OF THE ELECTORALCOLLEGE VOTES, THEN THE
  • 00:36:05.716 --> 00:36:08.519
  • HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVESGETS TO CHOOSE THE PRESIDENT.
  • 00:36:08.619 --> 00:36:11.155
  • SO HIS ELECTION WASTHROWN INTO THE HOUSE OF
  • 00:36:11.255 --> 00:36:13.223
  • REPRESENTATIVES, AND ALOT OF NEGOTIATION GOING
  • 00:36:13.324 --> 00:36:15.426
  • BACK AND FORTH, ANDEVENTUALLY THE HOUSE OF
  • 00:36:15.526 --> 00:36:17.594
  • REPRESENTATIVES SAYSJOHN QUINCY ADAMS IS
  • 00:36:17.695 --> 00:36:19.596
  • OUR SIXTH PRESIDENT.
  • 00:36:19.697 --> 00:36:21.131
  • - AND THERE'S ALSO LOTSOF OTHER SITUATIONS IN
  • 00:36:21.231 --> 00:36:22.733
  • AMERICAN HISTORY ANDLOTS, MAYBE IS A LITTLE
  • 00:36:22.833 --> 00:36:24.968
  • EXCESSIVE, BUT THERE WEREOTHER PRESIDENTS WHO ALSO
  • 00:36:25.069 --> 00:36:27.338
  • DID NOT WIN THE MAJORITYOF THE POPULAR VOTE BUT
  • 00:36:27.438 --> 00:36:30.507
  • THEY WON THE MAJORITYOF THE STATES WITH
  • 00:36:30.607 --> 00:36:32.142
  • THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE.
  • 00:36:32.242 --> 00:36:33.510
  • YOU HAVE RUTHERFORD B. HAYES,
  • 00:36:33.610 --> 00:36:34.945
  • BENJAMIN HARRISON,GEORGE W. BUSH
  • 00:36:35.045 --> 00:36:37.648
  • AND RECENTLY DONALDTRUMP, AND THIS IS WHERE
  • 00:36:37.748 --> 00:36:40.384
  • THERE NOW IS SOMECONTROVERSY WITH PEOPLE
  • 00:36:40.484 --> 00:36:42.519
  • AGAIN SAYING WE DON'TLIKE THE ELECTORAL
  • 00:36:42.619 --> 00:36:44.321
  • COLLEGE BECAUSE THEPOPULAR VOTE SHOULD WIN!
  • 00:36:44.421 --> 00:36:46.757
  • THE PEOPLE THAT CHAMPIONTHE POPULAR VOTE DON'T
  • 00:36:46.857 --> 00:36:48.992
  • REALLY UNDERSTAND THEELECTORAL COLLEGE
  • 00:36:49.093 --> 00:36:50.728
  • PROCESS, WHY IT WAS PUTIN PLACE AND HOW IT
  • 00:36:50.828 --> 00:36:52.563
  • ACTUALLY PROTECTS THEMAJORITY OF THE STATES
  • 00:36:52.663 --> 00:36:55.099
  • FROM THE REALLY LARGE CITIESIN JUST A VERY FEW STATES.
  • 00:36:55.199 --> 00:36:59.737
  • AND THERE'S A MOVEMENTTODAY TO SAY THAT WE
  • 00:36:59.837 --> 00:37:01.572
  • REALLY NEED TO ABOLISHTHE ELECTORAL COLLEGE,
  • 00:37:01.672 --> 00:37:03.907
  • LET'S MOVE ONLY TO THENATIONAL POPULAR VOTE.
  • 00:37:04.007 --> 00:37:07.177
  • AS WE IDENTIFIED, THAT'SA PRETTY SCARY THOUGHT
  • 00:37:07.277 --> 00:37:10.080
  • THAT 20 CITIES WOULDBE ABLE TO CONTROL THE
  • 00:37:10.180 --> 00:37:12.816
  • ENTIRE NATION AND SAYWELL, BASED ON THESE
  • 00:37:12.916 --> 00:37:16.420
  • 20 CITIES, THIS IS WHOYOUR PRESIDENT IS.
  • 00:37:16.520 --> 00:37:18.288
  • THAT REALLYDISENFRANCHISES MILLIONS
  • 00:37:18.389 --> 00:37:21.258
  • UPON MILLIONS UPONMILLIONS OF AMERICANS AND
  • 00:37:21.358 --> 00:37:24.328
  • REALLY DEVALUES THEWHOLE PROCESS BECAUSE IT
  • 00:37:24.428 --> 00:37:27.297
  • DOESN'T ALLOW THEMAJORITY OF THE PEOPLE TO
  • 00:37:27.398 --> 00:37:29.466
  • BE INVOLVED INTHE PROCESS.
  • 00:37:29.566 --> 00:37:30.901
  • - AND EVEN IF YOU CHOOSESOMETHING LIKE DONALD
  • 00:37:31.001 --> 00:37:32.636
  • TRUMP'S ELECTION, WHICHWAS VERY CONTROVERSIAL
  • 00:37:32.736 --> 00:37:34.505
  • BECAUSE HE DID NOT WINTHE POPULAR VOTE BUT HE
  • 00:37:34.605 --> 00:37:36.440
  • WON THE ELECTORALCOLLEGE, WHEN YOU LOOK AT
  • 00:37:36.540 --> 00:37:38.675
  • IT, THE VARIOUS WAYSOF WEIGHTING THE VOTE,
  • 00:37:38.776 --> 00:37:41.211
  • DONALD TRUMP WON 30OF THE 50 STATES.
  • 00:37:41.311 --> 00:37:44.615
  • IF YOU VOTE BY STATE,THEN HE WINS A CLEAR
  • 00:37:44.715 --> 00:37:46.283
  • MAJORITY THERE.
  • 00:37:46.383 --> 00:37:47.651
  • IF YOU VOTE BY NATIONALPOPULAR VOTE WHERE YOU
  • 00:37:47.751 --> 00:37:49.520
  • DISREGARD ALL STATE LINESAND JUST TAKE ALL THE
  • 00:37:49.620 --> 00:37:51.855
  • NATIONAL VOTE, HE LOST BYA FEW PERCENTAGE POINTS
  • 00:37:51.955 --> 00:37:54.892
  • THERE. HE CERTAINLY HAD LESS.
  • 00:37:54.992 --> 00:37:57.127
  • AND SO AGAIN, THEELECTORAL COLLEGE SYSTEM
  • 00:37:57.227 --> 00:37:59.696
  • WAS TO COMBINE THE STATESWITH THE POPULAR VOTE AND
  • 00:37:59.797 --> 00:38:02.566
  • SOMETIMES YOU CAN, ASYOU MENTIONED, HAVE FIVE
  • 00:38:02.666 --> 00:38:05.002
  • PRESIDENTS OUT OF ALLTHE ONES WE'VE HAD THAT
  • 00:38:05.102 --> 00:38:07.104
  • DIDN'T WIN THE POPULARVOTE, BUT THEY DID WIN
  • 00:38:07.204 --> 00:38:09.206
  • THE STATE VOTE BY ALARGE ENOUGH MARGIN
  • 00:38:09.306 --> 00:38:11.175
  • TO BECOME PRESIDENT.
  • 00:38:11.275 --> 00:38:12.643
  • SO WHEN YOU LOOK AT MAYBEGETTING RID OF THAT
  • 00:38:12.743 --> 00:38:14.778
  • SYSTEM AND GOING SOLELYWITH THE POPULAR VOTE,
  • 00:38:14.878 --> 00:38:16.980
  • AS YOU SAID, CITIESWOULD DOMINATE THAT.
  • 00:38:17.080 --> 00:38:19.116
  • BUT ALSO THE CURRENTPROPOSAL IS WE'RE GOING
  • 00:38:19.216 --> 00:38:22.653
  • TO SAY OUR STATE THATOUR ELECTORAL VOTES,
  • 00:38:22.753 --> 00:38:25.322
  • HOWEVER MANY WE HAVE.
  • 00:38:25.422 --> 00:38:26.990
  • IF IT WAS TEXAS ITWOULD BE SOME 36 VOTES.
  • 00:38:27.090 --> 00:38:30.027
  • WE'RE GOING TO SAYWHOEVER WINS THE NATIONAL
  • 00:38:30.127 --> 00:38:32.563
  • POPULAR VOTE, WE'REGIVING ALL OF OUR
  • 00:38:32.663 --> 00:38:34.298
  • ELECTORAL VOTES TO THEM.
  • 00:38:34.398 --> 00:38:35.833
  • WELL THAT BECOMES APROBLEM BECAUSE IF YOU
  • 00:38:35.933 --> 00:38:37.701
  • TAKE A STATE LIKEWYOMING, WHICH IS A VERY
  • 00:38:37.801 --> 00:38:40.437
  • REPUBLICAN STATE, ABOUT70 PERCENT REPUBLICAN, OR
  • 00:38:40.537 --> 00:38:43.607
  • IF YOU TAKE WASHINGTON D.C.WHICH IS OVER 90 PERCENT
  • 00:38:43.707 --> 00:38:46.210
  • DEMOCRAT, LET'S SAY THATWASHINGTON D.C. VOTES
  • 00:38:46.310 --> 00:38:50.080
  • FOR THE DEMOCRAT CANDIDATE,BUT LET'S SAY THE
  • 00:38:50.180 --> 00:38:52.516
  • REPUBLICAN CANDIDATE WINSTHE ENTIRE POPULAR VOTE.
  • 00:38:52.616 --> 00:38:55.719
  • CAN YOU IMAGINE WHATHAPPENS IN D.C. WHEN
  • 00:38:55.819 --> 00:38:57.688
  • THEY LEARN THAT ALL THEVOTES THEY CAST ARE
  • 00:38:57.788 --> 00:38:59.490
  • GOING TO THE REPUBLICAN?
  • 00:38:59.590 --> 00:39:00.858
  • OR IF YOU'RE IN WYOMINGAND YOU VOTED STRONGLY
  • 00:39:00.958 --> 00:39:03.026
  • FOR A REPUBLICANCANDIDATE AND THE
  • 00:39:03.126 --> 00:39:04.728
  • DEMOCRAT WON THE POPULARVOTE, NOW WYOMING IS
  • 00:39:04.828 --> 00:39:07.731
  • SAYING WAIT A MINUTE, WEVOTED FOR THE REPUBLICAN
  • 00:39:07.831 --> 00:39:09.733
  • CANDIDATE, NOW OURELECTORAL VOTES ARE
  • 00:39:09.833 --> 00:39:11.201
  • GOING TO THE DEMOCRATCANDIDATE?
  • 00:39:11.301 --> 00:39:12.736
  • SO I DON'T THINK THEYTHOUGHT THROUGH WHAT THE
  • 00:39:12.836 --> 00:39:15.239
  • BACKLASH WILL BE WHENPEOPLE FIGURE OUT THAT MY
  • 00:39:15.339 --> 00:39:17.574
  • VOTE REALLY DOESN'TCOUNT FOR WHO I CAST IT.
  • 00:39:17.674 --> 00:39:20.210
  • WE'RE GIVING OURSTATE VOTES AWAY.
  • 00:39:20.310 --> 00:39:22.446
  • SO AGAIN, THE ELECTORALCOLLEGE SYSTEM IS SO
  • 00:39:22.546 --> 00:39:24.348
  • BRILLIANT AND ANTICIPATEDSO MANY THINGS, SO WISE
  • 00:39:24.448 --> 00:39:28.018
  • THE WAY THEY DIDTHAT 200 YEARS AGO.
  • 00:39:28.118 --> 00:39:29.620
  • - MOST PEOPLE THINK OFHOW WILL THIS BENEFIT ME
  • 00:39:29.720 --> 00:39:31.388
  • RIGHT NOW IN THESHORT-TERM, AND THEY
  • 00:39:31.488 --> 00:39:33.457
  • DON'T REALLY THINK WHATARE THE CONSEQUENCES
  • 00:39:33.557 --> 00:39:34.858
  • IN THE FUTURE.
  • 00:39:34.958 --> 00:39:36.193
  • AND THE FOUNDING FATHERSTRIED TO THINK WAY INTO
  • 00:39:36.293 --> 00:39:37.761
  • THE FUTURE, WHAT IS THISGONNA LOOK LIKE, HOW CAN
  • 00:39:37.861 --> 00:39:39.596
  • WE MAKE SURE THATEVERYBODY HAS A VOICE
  • 00:39:39.696 --> 00:39:41.465
  • BECAUSE EVEN RIGHT NOW,IF YOU TAKE THE STATES OF
  • 00:39:41.565 --> 00:39:43.433
  • CALIFORNIA AND NEW YORKAND ILLINOIS, JUST THE
  • 00:39:43.534 --> 00:39:46.203
  • POPULATION OF THOSESTATES, THEY ACTUALLY
  • 00:39:46.303 --> 00:39:48.739
  • HAVE ENOUGH POPULATIONWHEN YOU LOOK AT
  • 00:39:48.839 --> 00:39:50.407
  • PRESIDENTIAL VOTING, THEYHAVE ENOUGH POPULATION
  • 00:39:50.507 --> 00:39:52.976
  • THAT THEY CAN PRETTY MUCHCHOOSE A PRESIDENT ALMOST
  • 00:39:53.076 --> 00:39:55.546
  • BY THEMSELVES IF THEYVOTED IN UNISON TOGETHER.
  • 00:39:55.646 --> 00:39:58.215
  • WELL, THAT WOULD BE SCARYFOR THE REST OF THE
  • 00:39:58.315 --> 00:39:59.850
  • NATION TO THINK WAIT ASECOND, THREE STATES ARE
  • 00:39:59.950 --> 00:40:02.452
  • GONNA CONTROL 47 STATES?
  • 00:40:02.553 --> 00:40:04.555
  • THE FOUNDING FATHERSWISELY SAID LET'S HAVE A
  • 00:40:04.655 --> 00:40:06.657
  • SYSTEM THAT THE PEOPLEHAVE A VERY STRONG VOICE,
  • 00:40:06.757 --> 00:40:10.594
  • BUT WE WANT TO MAKE SURETHAT ALL THE PEOPLE IN
  • 00:40:10.694 --> 00:40:12.963
  • EVERY STATE HAVE A STRONGVOICE, SO LET'S MAKE SURE
  • 00:40:13.063 --> 00:40:15.332
  • THAT WE INCLUDE ALL OFTHE STATES SO IT CAN'T
  • 00:40:15.432 --> 00:40:17.301
  • JUST BE THE PEOPLEFROM A FEW CITIES.
  • 00:40:17.401 --> 00:40:18.769
  • YOU HAVE TO HAVE THEMAJORITY OF THE CITIES
  • 00:40:18.869 --> 00:40:21.071
  • AND THE MAJORITYOF THE STATES.
  • 00:40:21.171 --> 00:40:22.506
  • IT REALLY IS A BRILLIANTSYSTEM, AND ONE OF THE
  • 00:40:22.606 --> 00:40:25.776
  • OLD ADAGES IS BEFORE YOUTEAR DOWN A FENCE, YOU
  • 00:40:25.876 --> 00:40:29.479
  • NEED TO KNOW WHY THE FENCEWAS THERE IN THE FIRST PLACE.
  • 00:40:29.580 --> 00:40:31.648
  • DON'T TEAR IT DOWN NOW,THE NEIGHBOR'S COWS GET
  • 00:40:31.748 --> 00:40:33.250
  • OUT OR WHATEVERTHE CASE IS.
  • 00:40:33.350 --> 00:40:34.651
  • WE NEED TO KNOW WHYSOMETHING WAS THERE
  • 00:40:34.751 --> 00:40:36.453
  • BEFORE WE TEAR IT DOWN.
  • 00:40:36.553 --> 00:40:37.721
  • AND BEFORE THERE'S AMOVEMENT TO REMOVE THE
  • 00:40:37.821 --> 00:40:39.523
  • ELECTORAL COLLEGE, WEPROBABLY NEED TO DO A
  • 00:40:39.623 --> 00:40:41.458
  • LITTLE MORE RESEARCH ANDLEARN WHY WAS THIS THERE
  • 00:40:41.558 --> 00:40:44.261
  • AND WHY DOES IT ACTUALLYBENEFIT US WHEN WE CHOOSE
  • 00:40:44.361 --> 00:40:47.431
  • A PRESIDENT AND IT ACTUALLYIS A VERY GOOD SYSTEM.
  • 00:40:47.531 --> 00:40:50.534
  • - WHEN IT COMES TOCHOOSING A PRESIDENT,
  • 00:40:53.670 --> 00:40:55.205
  • WHY DO WE USE THE ELECTORALVOTE INSTEAD OF
  • 00:40:55.305 --> 00:40:57.107
  • THE POPULAR VOTE TODETERMINE THE WINNER?
  • 00:40:57.207 --> 00:40:59.476
  • WOULDN'T THE POPULARVOTE MAKE MORE SENSE?
  • 00:40:59.576 --> 00:41:01.445
  • CONSIDER THIS.
  • 00:41:01.545 --> 00:41:02.980
  • THERE ARE 35.000 CITIESAND TOWNS IN AMERICA.
  • 00:41:03.080 --> 00:41:05.782
  • 20 OF THOSE CITIES HAVEA GREATER POPULATION
  • 00:41:05.882 --> 00:41:07.851
  • THAN THE OTHER 34.980COMBINED.
  • 00:41:07.951 --> 00:41:11.655
  • THE ELECTORAL VOTE GIVESEACH STATE A VOICE IN
  • 00:41:11.755 --> 00:41:14.658
  • ORDER TO REPRESENT THEGREAT DIVERSITY THAT
  • 00:41:14.758 --> 00:41:16.560
  • EXISTS ACROSS AMERICA.
  • 00:41:16.660 --> 00:41:18.428
  • IT ALLOWS ALL THE UNIQUEVOICES TO BE HEARD.
  • 00:41:18.528 --> 00:41:20.631
  • RURAL AND URBAN.
  • 00:41:20.731 --> 00:41:22.232
  • INDUSTRIAL ANDAGRICULTURAL.
  • 00:41:22.332 --> 00:41:23.834
  • BLUE COLLAR ANDWHITE COLLAR.
  • 00:41:23.934 --> 00:41:25.535
  • SMALL CITIES ANDLARGE CITIES.
  • 00:41:25.636 --> 00:41:27.404
  • SMALL STATES ANDLARGE STATES.
  • 00:41:27.504 --> 00:41:29.406
  • THE POPULAR VOTE IS BASEDON THE TOTAL AMOUNT OF
  • 00:41:29.506 --> 00:41:31.708
  • INDIVIDUAL VOTES A CANDIDATEGETS ACROSS THE U.S.
  • 00:41:31.808 --> 00:41:35.145
  • THIS IS TYPICALLY WON BYTHE CANDIDATE GAINING THE
  • 00:41:35.245 --> 00:41:37.180
  • MOST VOTES FROM BIGCITIES AND URBAN AREAS.
  • 00:41:37.280 --> 00:41:40.083
  • LARGER POPULATIONSEQUAL MORE VOTES.
  • 00:41:40.183 --> 00:41:42.552
  • THIS MEANS THATCALIFORNIA, TEXAS,
  • 00:41:42.653 --> 00:41:44.821
  • FLORIDA, NEW YORK,PENNSYLVANIA, ILLINOIS
  • 00:41:44.921 --> 00:41:47.557
  • AND OHIO DOMINATE THEPOPULAR VOTE BY THE MILLIONS.
  • 00:41:47.658 --> 00:41:51.495
  • FOR A CANDIDATE, THEPOPULAR VOTE IS A LITTLE
  • 00:41:51.595 --> 00:41:53.597
  • LIKE TRYING TO GETTHE POPULAR KID'S
  • 00:41:53.697 --> 00:41:55.198
  • ATTENTION AT SCHOOL.
  • 00:41:55.298 --> 00:41:56.533
  • IF YOU'RE WORKING TO GETNOTICED AND ACCEPTED BY
  • 00:41:56.633 --> 00:41:58.435
  • THE POPULAR KIDS, HOWLIKELY ARE YOU TO PAY
  • 00:41:58.535 --> 00:42:00.704
  • ATTENTION TO THE NEEDSOF THE LESS KNOWN OR
  • 00:42:00.804 --> 00:42:02.706
  • POPULAR? NOT VERY.
  • 00:42:02.806 --> 00:42:04.541
  • THE ELECTORAL VOTE GIVESEVERY STATE A CHANCE
  • 00:42:04.641 --> 00:42:07.044
  • TO BE HEARD.
  • 00:42:07.144 --> 00:42:08.412
  • FOR EXAMPLE, IF ACANDIDATE LOSES THE VOTE
  • 00:42:08.512 --> 00:42:10.614
  • OF ONE OF THE MOREPOPULATED STATES LIKE
  • 00:42:10.714 --> 00:42:12.549
  • CALIFORNIA, NEW YORK ORFLORIDA, BUT GOES ON TO
  • 00:42:12.649 --> 00:42:15.118
  • WIN THE VOTES OF SEVERALLESS POPULATED OR LESS
  • 00:42:15.218 --> 00:42:17.487
  • POPULAR STATES, THECANDIDATE COULD STILL
  • 00:42:17.587 --> 00:42:19.690
  • TAKE HOME THE WIN.
  • 00:42:19.790 --> 00:42:21.191
  • THIS MEANS A CANDIDATECAN'T IGNORE THESE LESS
  • 00:42:21.291 --> 00:42:23.326
  • POPULATED STATES BECAUSEIN A CLOSE ELECTION,
  • 00:42:23.427 --> 00:42:25.829
  • EVERY ELECTORAL VOTECOUNTS WHICH MEANS
  • 00:42:25.929 --> 00:42:28.131
  • EVERY STATE COUNTS,
  • 00:42:28.231 --> 00:42:30.133
  • AND THAT'S WHY WE USETHE ELECTORAL VOTE.
  • 00:42:30.233 --> 00:42:32.769
  • - AS PRESIDENTS CONSIDERRUNNING FOR OFFICE, ONE
  • 00:42:33.365 --> 00:42:34.933
  • OF THE THINGS THEY HAVETO MEASURE IS WHERE IS
  • 00:42:35.033 --> 00:42:37.469
  • THE GENERAL POPULOUS WHEN ITCOMES TO THEIR SUPPORT?
  • 00:42:37.569 --> 00:42:40.806
  • DO I HAVE THE SUPPORTIT TAKES TO BE ABLE
  • 00:42:40.906 --> 00:42:42.708
  • TO BE THE PRESIDENT?
  • 00:42:42.808 --> 00:42:43.809
  • AND THIS IS WHERE IT'SINTERESTING LOOKING AT
  • 00:42:43.909 --> 00:42:45.110
  • POLLING BECAUSE EVENTHOUGH POLLING IS NOT
  • 00:42:45.210 --> 00:42:46.945
  • ALWAYS SUPER ACCURATE, ITGIVES YOU A PRETTY GOOD
  • 00:42:47.045 --> 00:42:48.880
  • INDICATION IF YOU EVENHAVE A CHANCE SHOULD YOU
  • 00:42:48.981 --> 00:42:51.083
  • RUN AND MAYBE EVEN ONCEYOU'VE MADE IT TO THE
  • 00:42:51.183 --> 00:42:53.218
  • PRIMARY. IN THE GENERALELECTION, POLLING IS JUST
  • 00:42:53.318 --> 00:42:55.253
  • KIND OF A BIG DEAL INPRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS.
  • 00:42:55.354 --> 00:42:57.623
  • - IT IS A HUGE DEAL INPRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS
  • 00:42:57.723 --> 00:42:59.191
  • AND THERE'S TWO KINDSOF POLLING ACTUALLY.
  • 00:42:59.291 --> 00:43:01.059
  • THERE'S POLLING YOU DOINTERNALLY FOR THE
  • 00:43:01.159 --> 00:43:03.128
  • CAMPAIGN AND THERE'SPOLLING YOU DO EXTERNALLY
  • 00:43:03.228 --> 00:43:05.731
  • TO RELEASE TO THE PUBLIC.
  • 00:43:05.831 --> 00:43:07.366
  • SO IF I DO INTERNALPOLLING AND I FIND THAT
  • 00:43:07.466 --> 00:43:09.267
  • I'M REALLY WELL KNOWN INALL THESE STATES, THEN
  • 00:43:09.368 --> 00:43:11.203
  • I'M GONNA RELEASE TO THEPUBLIC THAT I AM THIS
  • 00:43:11.303 --> 00:43:13.138
  • POPULAR GUY INALL THESE STATES.
  • 00:43:13.238 --> 00:43:15.073
  • IF I DO POLLING AND ITSHOWS THAT NOBODY KNOWS
  • 00:43:15.173 --> 00:43:17.075
  • ME, NOBODY LIKES MYPOSITIONS, I'M NOT GONNA
  • 00:43:17.175 --> 00:43:19.544
  • RELEASE THATTO THE PUBLIC.
  • 00:43:19.645 --> 00:43:21.213
  • SO POLLING CAN BE APOLITICAL TOOL BUT IT'S
  • 00:43:21.313 --> 00:43:23.215
  • ALSO A POLITICALASSESSMENT THAT'S USED.
  • 00:43:23.315 --> 00:43:25.684
  • SO DIFFERENT KINDS OFPOLLING HAPPENS AT
  • 00:43:25.784 --> 00:43:27.686
  • DIFFERENT TIMES, BUT ITREALLY IS CRUCIAL TO WHAT
  • 00:43:27.786 --> 00:43:30.122
  • GOES ON, AND THE FURTHERYOU GET INTO A CAMPAIGN,
  • 00:43:30.222 --> 00:43:33.025
  • AND THE MORE IT BECOMESBETWEEN THE TWO
  • 00:43:33.125 --> 00:43:34.893
  • CANDIDATES, THE MOREPOLLING IS USED.
  • 00:43:34.993 --> 00:43:37.262
  • AND SOMETIMES IT'SACCURATE AND SOMETIMES
  • 00:43:37.362 --> 00:43:39.197
  • IT'S NOT ACCURATE.
  • 00:43:39.297 --> 00:43:40.966
  • SOMETIMES YOU USE IT ALMOST--I'M GONNA USE THE WORD
  • 00:43:41.066 --> 00:43:43.802
  • PROPAGANDA. YOU'RE WANTINGTO MAKE A POINT.
  • 00:43:43.902 --> 00:43:46.204
  • AND WE'VE SEEN IN SO MANYELECTIONS FOR SO MANY
  • 00:43:46.304 --> 00:43:48.540
  • YEARS, POLLING HAS BEENSO INACCURATE WHEN IT'S
  • 00:43:48.640 --> 00:43:51.143
  • ALL OVER AND DONE WITH,BUT IT'S A WAY OF TRYING
  • 00:43:51.243 --> 00:43:53.512
  • TO CONVINCE YOU THATEVERYBODY ELSE IS MOVING
  • 00:43:53.612 --> 00:43:55.714
  • THIS WAY AND YOU NEEDTO GET OVER HERE TOO.
  • 00:43:55.814 --> 00:43:57.916
  • SO YOU REALLY HAVE TOBE CAREFUL WHEN YOU
  • 00:43:58.016 --> 00:43:59.918
  • START SEEING POLLING.
  • 00:44:00.018 --> 00:44:01.186
  • THERE'S SOME ACCURATEPOLLING, SOME ACCURATE
  • 00:44:01.286 --> 00:44:02.621
  • POLLSTERS, BUTTHERE'S SOME VERY
  • 00:44:02.721 --> 00:44:04.356
  • INAPPROPRIATE WAYS TOPOLL AS WELL.
  • 00:44:04.456 --> 00:44:06.458
  • - ALSO LOOKING ATPOLLING, WE HAVE FRIENDS
  • 00:44:06.558 --> 00:44:08.960
  • WHO ACTUALLY DO SOMEPOLITICAL POLLING.
  • 00:44:09.061 --> 00:44:10.662
  • THEY DO A LOT OFWORK WITH A LOT OF
  • 00:44:10.762 --> 00:44:13.098
  • COMMUNITIES, AND ONE OFOUR FRIENDS POINTS OUT
  • 00:44:13.198 --> 00:44:15.300
  • THAT YOU CAN GET ALMOSTANY ANSWER YOU WANT FROM
  • 00:44:15.400 --> 00:44:18.336
  • THE POLL BASED ON HOWYOU ASK THE QUESTION.
  • 00:44:18.437 --> 00:44:20.672
  • AND THIS IS SOMETIMESWHERE YOU SEE VERY
  • 00:44:20.772 --> 00:44:22.507
  • INACCURATE POLLING.
  • 00:44:22.607 --> 00:44:23.742
  • BUT NOT ONLY DO YOU WANTPOLLING TO KNOW WHERE A
  • 00:44:23.842 --> 00:44:25.444
  • CANDIDATE STANDS AND THESENSE OF WHERE THEIR
  • 00:44:25.544 --> 00:44:27.646
  • LEVEL OF SUPPORT IS, YOUALSO WILL, IF YOU'RE A
  • 00:44:27.746 --> 00:44:30.615
  • CANDIDATE, YOU WANT TO DOPOLLING OF THE PEOPLE TO
  • 00:44:30.716 --> 00:44:32.451
  • SEE WHERE ARE THEYON THIS ISSUE.
  • 00:44:32.551 --> 00:44:35.487
  • HOW DO THEY FEELABOUT THIS WORDING?
  • 00:44:35.587 --> 00:44:37.923
  • DO THEY LIKE MY MESSAGE?
  • 00:44:38.023 --> 00:44:39.424
  • BECAUSE WHAT YOU WILLOFTEN FIND IS THAT DURING
  • 00:44:39.524 --> 00:44:41.460
  • PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGNS,PRESIDENTS WILL BEGIN TO
  • 00:44:41.560 --> 00:44:44.262
  • USE DIFFERENT WORDS OREVEN SHIFT THEIR MESSAGE,
  • 00:44:44.362 --> 00:44:46.832
  • AND PART OF IT IS BECAUSETHEIR CAMPAIGN HAS DONE
  • 00:44:46.932 --> 00:44:49.034
  • POLLING AND FOUND OUTHEY, WE'RE ABOUT TO GO TO
  • 00:44:49.134 --> 00:44:51.703
  • ALL THESE STATES AND THEYDIDN'T LIKE THAT WORD YOU
  • 00:44:51.803 --> 00:44:53.905
  • USED IN THE LAST, YOUNEED TO USE THIS OTHER WORD.
  • 00:44:54.005 --> 00:44:56.575
  • AND THIS IS WHERE IT'SINTERESTING ABOUT POLLING
  • 00:44:56.675 --> 00:44:58.577
  • TOO IS IT'S NOT JUSTPOLLING THAT LET'S THE
  • 00:44:58.677 --> 00:45:00.278
  • PEOPLE KNOW HOW APRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE IS
  • 00:45:00.378 --> 00:45:02.781
  • DOING, THERE'S A LOT OFKIND OF IN THE HOUSE
  • 00:45:02.881 --> 00:45:05.851
  • POLLING THAT HAPPENSWHERE YOU TALKED ABOUT
  • 00:45:05.951 --> 00:45:07.619
  • WITHIN THE CAMPAIGN THATHAPPENS THAT LET'S A
  • 00:45:07.719 --> 00:45:09.387
  • PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATEKNOW HOW SHOULD WE BE
  • 00:45:09.488 --> 00:45:11.623
  • MESSAGING THIS,WHAT SHOULD WE BE
  • 00:45:11.723 --> 00:45:13.458
  • COMMUNICATING, BECAUSEIF YOU KNOW WHO YOU'RE
  • 00:45:13.558 --> 00:45:14.993
  • TARGETING AND IN THEORYYOU'RE GONNA TARGET ALL
  • 00:45:15.093 --> 00:45:16.862
  • 50 STATES, YOU WANT TOWIN EVERYBODY, BUT FOR
  • 00:45:16.962 --> 00:45:19.397
  • EXAMPLE IF YOU KNOWTHERE'S SOME SWING STATES
  • 00:45:19.498 --> 00:45:21.066
  • AND I NEED TO WIN THESESWING STATES, THERE MIGHT
  • 00:45:21.166 --> 00:45:23.201
  • BE CERTAIN MESSAGES THATARE CARRIED OFF BETTER OR
  • 00:45:23.301 --> 00:45:26.605
  • BETTER RECEIVED INCERTAIN STATES THAN
  • 00:45:26.705 --> 00:45:28.240
  • OTHERS, SO THIS ISWHERE POLLING BECOMES
  • 00:45:28.340 --> 00:45:30.308
  • SIGNIFICANT, NOT JUST THEGENERAL POLLING OF HOW
  • 00:45:30.408 --> 00:45:32.511
  • MANY PEOPLE LIKE THATCANDIDATE, BUT ALSO
  • 00:45:32.611 --> 00:45:34.513
  • PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGNSWILL USE POLLING FOR LOTS
  • 00:45:34.613 --> 00:45:37.315
  • OF PURPOSES INSIDEOF THEIR CAMPAIGN.
  • 00:45:37.415 --> 00:45:39.718
  • - AND THIS IS WHERE THATWE AS CHRISTIAN CITIZENS
  • 00:45:39.818 --> 00:45:41.553
  • HAVE TO BE REALLYCOMMITTED TO OUR PRINCIPLES.
  • 00:45:41.653 --> 00:45:44.156
  • WE HAVE TO LOOK AT THEPRINCIPLES AND SAY THIS
  • 00:45:44.256 --> 00:45:45.991
  • IS WHAT I STAND FOR, ANDEVEN THOUGH POLLING
  • 00:45:46.091 --> 00:45:48.426
  • SHOWS EVERYBODY ELSE ISGOING THE OTHER WAY,
  • 00:45:48.527 --> 00:45:50.529
  • THAT'S NOT NECESSARILYACCURATE POLLING.
  • 00:45:50.629 --> 00:45:52.564
  • THAT'S THE KIND OF STUFFTHAT'S OFTEN DONE TO SWAY
  • 00:45:52.664 --> 00:45:54.800
  • OPINIONS. THERE'S A FORMERPRESIDENT FROM BACK IN
  • 00:45:54.900 --> 00:45:57.202
  • THE 70S, HE SAID DATAFROM POLLING OTHER THINGS
  • 00:45:57.302 --> 00:46:01.006
  • IS MUCH LIKE THE WAY ADRUNK CAN USE A LAMP POST.
  • 00:46:01.106 --> 00:46:05.277
  • HE CAN USE THE LAMP POSTTO LEAN ON IT, OR HE CAN
  • 00:46:05.377 --> 00:46:07.946
  • USE THE LAMP POSTTO ILLUMINATE.
  • 00:46:08.046 --> 00:46:09.781
  • AND A LOT OF TIMESPOLLING IS DONE TO GIVE
  • 00:46:09.881 --> 00:46:12.217
  • YOU NUMBERS TO LEAN ON,SAY OH, THIS IS WHERE I
  • 00:46:12.317 --> 00:46:14.452
  • WANT TO GO, EVERYBODYIS GOING THIS WAY.
  • 00:46:14.553 --> 00:46:15.921
  • - TO PROP A CANDIDATE UPTO MAKE YOU THINK THAT
  • 00:46:16.021 --> 00:46:17.756
  • CANDIDATE IS AWESOME!
  • 00:46:17.856 --> 00:46:19.357
  • REALLY MAYBE THEY'RE JUSTPROPPING IT UP WITH SOME
  • 00:46:19.457 --> 00:46:21.693
  • INACCURATE POLLING,BUT THAT DOES HAPPEN.
  • 00:46:21.793 --> 00:46:23.662
  • - IT DOES HAPPEN.
  • 00:46:23.762 --> 00:46:24.830
  • - OR THEY CAN USE ITTHE OTHER WAY.
  • 00:46:24.930 --> 00:46:26.331
  • - AND SO THEY CAN USEIT TO ILLUMINATE AND SAY
  • 00:46:26.431 --> 00:46:28.066
  • THIS IS WHAT WE ACTUALLYBELIEVE, THIS IS
  • 00:46:28.166 --> 00:46:29.601
  • WHERE THE NATION IS.
  • 00:46:29.701 --> 00:46:30.936
  • AND THE TRUTH IS ALWAYSTHE OBJECTIVE FOR A
  • 00:46:31.036 --> 00:46:32.737
  • CHRISTIAN INDIVIDUAL,A CHRISTIAN CANDIDATE,
  • 00:46:32.838 --> 00:46:34.806
  • SHOULD BE THE OBJECTIVE,A CHRISTIAN CAMPAIGN.
  • 00:46:34.906 --> 00:46:37.075
  • ANYWHERE THAT CHRISTIANSARE INVOLVED, TRUTH HAS
  • 00:46:37.175 --> 00:46:38.743
  • GOT TO BE AT THE ESSENCE.
  • 00:46:38.844 --> 00:46:40.278
  • SO FOR US AS INDIVIDUALVOTERS, WE LOOK AND SAY
  • 00:46:40.378 --> 00:46:42.714
  • I WANT TO KNOW WHAT THETRUTH IS AND THAT'S
  • 00:46:42.814 --> 00:46:44.249
  • BASED ON PRINCIPLES.
  • 00:46:44.349 --> 00:46:45.784
  • IT'S NOT BASED ON WHEREALL THE PEOPLE ARE ON
  • 00:46:45.884 --> 00:46:46.985
  • THIS ISSUE OR THISREGION OR THIS POLL.
  • 00:46:47.085 --> 00:46:49.788
  • SO WE REALLY HAVE TO BECAREFUL WHEN WE HEAR THAT.
  • 00:46:49.888 --> 00:46:51.890
  • AND THE SAME THING WHENWE GET INTO SOCIAL MEDIA,
  • 00:46:51.990 --> 00:46:53.692
  • WHICH IS ANOTHER WAYOF SHIFTING AND SHAPING
  • 00:46:53.792 --> 00:46:55.994
  • OPINION, AND IT'S NOTALWAYS NECESSARILY TRUE.
  • 00:46:56.094 --> 00:46:58.897
  • - SOCIAL MEDIA IS ALSOWHERE SO MUCH CAMPAIGNING
  • 00:46:58.997 --> 00:47:01.032
  • IS GONNA HAPPENGOING FORWARD.
  • 00:47:01.132 --> 00:47:02.934
  • CERTAINLY PRESIDENTSOR PEOPLE RUNNING FOR
  • 00:47:03.034 --> 00:47:05.437
  • PRESIDENT IN APRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN,
  • 00:47:05.537 --> 00:47:06.771
  • YOU'RE THINKING I NEED TVADS, I NEED ADS ALL OVER
  • 00:47:06.872 --> 00:47:09.140
  • SOCIAL MEDIA AND YOUTUBE, AND YOU HAVE TO
  • 00:47:09.241 --> 00:47:11.176
  • GET YOURSELF KNOWN.
  • 00:47:11.276 --> 00:47:12.410
  • BUT MOST OF THE TIME, YOUGET A 30 SECOND OR A ONE
  • 00:47:12.510 --> 00:47:14.646
  • MINUTE SPOT THAT YOU'RERUNNING, AND MOST PEOPLE
  • 00:47:14.746 --> 00:47:17.515
  • ACTUALLY WILL VOTE FOR ACANDIDATE BASED OFF A 30
  • 00:47:17.616 --> 00:47:20.285
  • SECOND AD THAT THEY SAWA PRESIDENT TAKE OUT.
  • 00:47:20.385 --> 00:47:23.021
  • WELL IN 30 SECONDS, YOUDON'T ALWAYS GIVE THE
  • 00:47:23.121 --> 00:47:25.724
  • FULL VALUES OF WHAT YOUBELIEVE OR SUPPORT.
  • 00:47:25.824 --> 00:47:28.326
  • AND IN 30 SECONDS, YOUACTUALLY CAN MAKE A
  • 00:47:28.426 --> 00:47:30.662
  • REALLY BAD PERSON LOOKREALLY GOOD IF ALL YOU
  • 00:47:30.762 --> 00:47:32.831
  • KNOW IS WHAT THIS 30SECOND COMMERCIAL SHOWED,
  • 00:47:32.931 --> 00:47:34.966
  • WHICH IS WHY WE SHOULDN'TJUST LOOK AT WHAT A
  • 00:47:35.066 --> 00:47:37.569
  • CAMPAIGN ADVERTISEMENTSAYS, RIGHT?
  • 00:47:37.669 --> 00:47:40.238
  • WE DON'T JUST WATCHWHAT'S ON SOCIAL MEDIA.
  • 00:47:40.338 --> 00:47:41.840
  • WE DON'T JUST WATCHWHAT'S ON TV.
  • 00:47:41.940 --> 00:47:43.508
  • WE WANT TO LOOK BEYONDTHAT, AND ONE OF THE
  • 00:47:43.608 --> 00:47:45.543
  • REALLY GOOD PLACES TOLOOK, EVEN A PRESIDENTIAL
  • 00:47:45.644 --> 00:47:47.779
  • CANDIDATE IS WHERE DOTHEY STAND ON THE ISSUES.
  • 00:47:47.879 --> 00:47:50.382
  • AND ONE OF THE THINGSTHEY DO RUNNING INSIDE
  • 00:47:50.482 --> 00:47:52.117
  • THE PARTY IS THEY HAVE APLATFORM THAT THEY ARE
  • 00:47:52.217 --> 00:47:54.552
  • ADVOCATING FOR THOSEVALUES ON THE PLATFORM.
  • 00:47:54.653 --> 00:47:57.555
  • WE NEED TO GO BEYONDJUST THE CAMPAIGN AD.
  • 00:47:57.656 --> 00:48:00.191
  • WE NEED TO LOOKAT THE PLATFORM.
  • 00:48:00.292 --> 00:48:02.127
  • - HOW CAN YOU KNOW WHAT ACANDIDATE REALLY SUPPORTS?
  • 00:48:05.897 --> 00:48:08.300
  • IN SOME WAYS, ELECTIONCAMPAIGNS ARE OFTEN LIKE
  • 00:48:08.400 --> 00:48:10.568
  • WATCHING A QUARTERBACKPERFORM A FAKE HAND-OFF.
  • 00:48:10.669 --> 00:48:13.371
  • HE KEEPS YOU LOOKING ATONE HAND WHEN IT'S REALLY
  • 00:48:13.471 --> 00:48:15.273
  • THE OTHER HAND YOU SHOULDBE WATCHING BECAUSE
  • 00:48:15.373 --> 00:48:17.475
  • THAT'S WHERE ALL THEIMPORTANT ACTION IS HAPPENING.
  • 00:48:17.575 --> 00:48:20.178
  • BUT WHEN IT COMES TOPOLITICS, YOU DON'T HAVE
  • 00:48:20.278 --> 00:48:21.980
  • TO BE FOOLED BY ACANDIDATE'S SLEIGHT OF
  • 00:48:22.080 --> 00:48:23.748
  • HAND IF YOU KNOWWHERE TO LOOK.
  • 00:48:23.848 --> 00:48:25.650
  • WHEN CANDIDATES RUN FOROFFICE, THEY'RE PLAYING
  • 00:48:25.750 --> 00:48:27.419
  • ON A PARTICULAR TEAM.
  • 00:48:27.519 --> 00:48:28.987
  • SO IF THEIR TEAM WINS,THEY WILL BE FOLLOWING
  • 00:48:29.087 --> 00:48:30.956
  • THE PLAY BOOKOF THAT TEAM.
  • 00:48:31.056 --> 00:48:32.691
  • A PARTY'S PLATFORM ISWHAT SETS FORTH THE
  • 00:48:32.791 --> 00:48:34.492
  • TEAM'S GAME PLAN.
  • 00:48:34.592 --> 00:48:35.927
  • IT LISTS WHAT THEY WILLDO, WHAT POLICIES THEY
  • 00:48:36.027 --> 00:48:38.263
  • WILL PASS IF THEY GET IN,WHETHER AT THE FEDERAL,
  • 00:48:38.363 --> 00:48:40.565
  • STATE, COUNTY,OR LOCAL LEVEL.
  • 00:48:40.665 --> 00:48:42.934
  • SO IT'S IMPORTANT TO KNOWWHAT THE CANDIDATE'S
  • 00:48:43.034 --> 00:48:44.803
  • PARTY OR TEAM THINKSABOUT ISSUES LIKE
  • 00:48:44.903 --> 00:48:46.771
  • EDUCATION, FREEDOM OFSPEECH, GUN CONTROL,
  • 00:48:46.871 --> 00:48:49.874
  • ABORTION, INTERNATIONALRELATIONS, BIG GOVERNMENT,
  • 00:48:49.975 --> 00:48:53.211
  • SMALL BUSINESS,NATIONAL SECURITY.
  • 00:48:53.311 --> 00:48:55.480
  • THE PLATFORM OR PLAY BOOKBY WHICH A CANDIDATE RUNS
  • 00:48:55.580 --> 00:48:57.782
  • REFLECTS MUCH MOREACCURATELY WHAT THEY WILL
  • 00:48:57.882 --> 00:49:00.251
  • DO ONCE THEY GET INTOOFFICE THAN ANY
  • 00:49:00.352 --> 00:49:02.087
  • CAMPAIGN AD OR COMMERCIAL.
  • 00:49:02.187 --> 00:49:04.089
  • SO TAKE THE TIME TO READTHE VARIOUS PLATFORMS.
  • 00:49:04.189 --> 00:49:06.524
  • THEY ARE SHORT ANDACCURATE INDICATORS OF
  • 00:49:06.624 --> 00:49:08.660
  • HOW THE CANDIDATES WILLPERFORM IF THEIR TEAM WINS.
  • 00:49:08.760 --> 00:49:12.130
  • - SO WE SEE THATPLATFORMS ARE VERY
  • 00:49:12.230 --> 00:49:14.366
  • IMPORTANT FOR IDENTIFYINGWHERE A CANDIDATE STANDS,
  • 00:49:14.466 --> 00:49:16.701
  • AND ONE OF THE REASONS WEALWAYS WANT TO KNOW
  • 00:49:16.801 --> 00:49:18.570
  • WHERE THEY STAND ISBECAUSE EVEN THOUGH IN
  • 00:49:18.670 --> 00:49:20.305
  • CULTURE TODAY WE LOOK ALOT AT THE PERSONALITY OF
  • 00:49:20.405 --> 00:49:22.974
  • THE INDIVIDUAL, AND WESAY I REALLY LIKE THIS
  • 00:49:23.074 --> 00:49:25.910
  • PERSON, I LIKE THEIRATTITUDE, I LIKE THEIR
  • 00:49:26.011 --> 00:49:28.213
  • BEHAVIOR, BUT PERSONALITYIS NOT WHAT WE REALLY
  • 00:49:28.313 --> 00:49:31.316
  • SHOULD BE PRIORITIZINGOUR VOTE ON.
  • 00:49:31.416 --> 00:49:33.651
  • IT REALLY NEED TO BE THEPRINCIPLE, AND WHERE YOU
  • 00:49:33.752 --> 00:49:35.720
  • FIND THE PRINCIPLE IS THEPLATFORM, AND A LOT OF
  • 00:49:35.820 --> 00:49:37.922
  • TIMES TODAY WE LOOK ATA PARTY, AND PEOPLE SAY
  • 00:49:38.023 --> 00:49:40.692
  • WELL THAT'S MY HEART,I'M VOTING FOR THEM.
  • 00:49:40.792 --> 00:49:42.394
  • WELL, SOMETIMES THAT'SOKAY, BUT WE WANT TO KNOW
  • 00:49:42.494 --> 00:49:44.529
  • WHAT IS THE PRINCIPLE OFTHE PERSON INVOLVED, AND
  • 00:49:44.629 --> 00:49:46.431
  • THAT'S WHERE SOMETIMESTHE PLATFORM REALLY DOES
  • 00:49:46.531 --> 00:49:47.999
  • HELP SHOW THE PRINCIPLESAT LEAST OF THE PARTY,
  • 00:49:48.099 --> 00:49:50.468
  • BUT WE'VE COME TO A PLACETODAY WHERE IT SEEMS THAT
  • 00:49:50.568 --> 00:49:53.038
  • FEWER AND FEWER PEOPLEARE CARING ABOUT
  • 00:49:53.138 --> 00:49:54.873
  • PRINCIPLE, AND WECARE A LOT MORE ABOUT
  • 00:49:54.973 --> 00:49:56.841
  • PERSONALITY, WHICH ISKIND OF A BAD PLACE TO BE.
  • 00:49:56.941 --> 00:49:58.943
  • - YEAH, IT IS A BADPLACE TO BE.
  • 00:49:59.044 --> 00:50:00.578
  • AND I WOULD SAY IT'S ASAFE THING, I THINK, TO
  • 00:50:00.678 --> 00:50:03.381
  • SAY THAT MOST OF THEPEOPLE IN THE TWO MAJOR
  • 00:50:03.481 --> 00:50:05.884
  • PARTIES, MOST OF THOSEVOTERS HAVE NEVER READ
  • 00:50:05.984 --> 00:50:08.453
  • THEIR OWN PLATFORMSFOR THEIR PARTY.
  • 00:50:08.553 --> 00:50:10.455
  • THEY'RE VOTING ON THEPERSONALITY OF WHO IS
  • 00:50:10.555 --> 00:50:12.357
  • RUNNING OR ON 30 SECONDADS OR ON SOUND BITES OR
  • 00:50:12.457 --> 00:50:15.393
  • SOMETHING ELSE, ANDTHEY'RE NOT SEEING THAT
  • 00:50:15.493 --> 00:50:18.029
  • WHEN THAT PERSON GETSINTO OFFICE, THEY'RE
  • 00:50:18.129 --> 00:50:19.764
  • GOING TO ENACT LITERALLYTHOUSANDS OF POLICIES,
  • 00:50:19.864 --> 00:50:23.034
  • AND YOU WANT TO BEPRINCIPLED DRIVEN.
  • 00:50:23.134 --> 00:50:25.370
  • ONE OF THE EARLY PIECESOF GREAT POLITICAL WISDOM
  • 00:50:25.470 --> 00:50:28.506
  • WAS GIVEN BY PRESIDENTGEORGE WASHINGTON.
  • 00:50:28.606 --> 00:50:30.942
  • PRESIDENT WASHINGTON WHOHAD GIVEN SO MUCH TO SEE
  • 00:50:31.042 --> 00:50:33.244
  • AMERICA BECOME THISSTRONG NATION, AFTER
  • 00:50:33.344 --> 00:50:36.147
  • HAVING SPENT 45 YEARSIN PUBLIC SERVICE AND
  • 00:50:36.247 --> 00:50:38.917
  • FINISHING HIS LAST EIGHTYEARS AS PRESIDENT OF THE
  • 00:50:39.017 --> 00:50:41.286
  • UNITED STATES, AS HE'SLEAVING THE PRESIDENCY,
  • 00:50:41.386 --> 00:50:44.322
  • HE GIVES HIS FAMOUSFAREWELL ADDRESS.
  • 00:50:44.422 --> 00:50:46.357
  • IN THAT FAREWELL ADDRESSHE SUMS UP FOR AMERICANS
  • 00:50:46.458 --> 00:50:49.194
  • WHAT REALLY WE PRETTYMUCH ALREADY KNEW, BUT
  • 00:50:49.294 --> 00:50:50.962
  • HE'S JUST REMINDING US,AND HE SAID ONE OF THE
  • 00:50:51.062 --> 00:50:54.532
  • GREATEST BANES OR ENEMIESOF FREE GOVERNMENT
  • 00:50:54.632 --> 00:50:57.702
  • IS A LOVE OF PARTY.
  • 00:50:57.802 --> 00:51:00.472
  • HE DIDN'T SAYPARTIES WERE BAD.
  • 00:51:00.572 --> 00:51:02.173
  • HE SAID IF YOU LOVE YOURPARTY MORE THAN YOU LOVE
  • 00:51:02.273 --> 00:51:04.676
  • YOUR PRINCIPLE, THAT WILLDESTROY A FREE GOVERNMENT.
  • 00:51:04.776 --> 00:51:07.979
  • SO HE TALKED ABOUT HOWIMPORTANT IT IS TO LOVE
  • 00:51:08.079 --> 00:51:09.881
  • THE RIGHT PRINCIPLES AND NOTHAVE A LOVE FOR PARTY.
  • 00:51:09.981 --> 00:51:13.218
  • SO AS CHRISTIANS, WHEN WEGET INVOLVED, IT'S OKAY
  • 00:51:13.318 --> 00:51:15.787
  • TO BE INVOLVED INPARTIES, BUT I'M INVOLVED
  • 00:51:15.887 --> 00:51:17.622
  • IN THE PARTY BECAUSE IHAVE CERTAIN PRINCIPLES I
  • 00:51:17.722 --> 00:51:19.891
  • WANT TO SEE MOVE FORWARD,AND I'M INVOLVED IN THAT
  • 00:51:19.991 --> 00:51:22.460
  • PARTY TO MOVE THOSEPRINCIPLES FORWARD, AND
  • 00:51:22.560 --> 00:51:24.629
  • IF I CAN'T GET THEM MOVEDFORWARD, I'M GONNA FIND A
  • 00:51:24.729 --> 00:51:26.598
  • PLACE WHERE I CAN MOVETHOSE PRINCIPLES FORWARD
  • 00:51:26.698 --> 00:51:28.533
  • BECAUSE PRINCIPLESARE MORE IMPORTANT
  • 00:51:28.633 --> 00:51:29.834
  • THAN PERSONALITIES.
  • 00:51:29.934 --> 00:51:31.136
  • AND THAT REALLY IS THECORE OF PROVERBS 14:34
  • 00:51:31.236 --> 00:51:34.139
  • WHICH TELLS US TO BE CAREFULABOUT OUR PUBLIC POLICIES.
  • 00:51:34.239 --> 00:51:36.774
  • - YEAH, ONE OF THE GREATEXAMPLES I THINK FROM
  • 00:51:36.875 --> 00:51:37.976
  • AMERICAN HISTORYIS BENJAMIN RUSH.
  • 00:51:38.076 --> 00:51:39.444
  • BENJAMIN RUSH SIGNEDTHE DECLARATION TO RATIFY
  • 00:51:39.544 --> 00:51:41.646
  • THE CONSTITUTION, ANDTHEN HE SERVED UNDER THE
  • 00:51:41.746 --> 00:51:44.415
  • FIRST THREE PRESIDENTSALL OF WHOM WERE
  • 00:51:44.516 --> 00:51:46.951
  • FROM A DIFFERENTPOLITICAL PARTY.
  • 00:51:47.051 --> 00:51:48.453
  • AND THERE WAS A TIME INHIS LIFE SOMEBODY CAME TO
  • 00:51:48.553 --> 00:51:49.854
  • HIM AND SAID OKAY,BENJAMIN, HELP ME OUT,
  • 00:51:49.954 --> 00:51:52.757
  • YOU ARE WORKING WITH ALLTHESE DIFFERENT GUYS.
  • 00:51:52.857 --> 00:51:54.959
  • AND BENJAMIN RUSH SAYSI'VE BEEN CALLED AN
  • 00:51:55.059 --> 00:51:56.728
  • ARISTOCRAT, I'VE BEENCALLED A DEMOCRAT, PEOPLE
  • 00:51:56.828 --> 00:51:58.630
  • ARE TRYING TO FIGURE OUTWHAT PARTY I'M FROM, HE
  • 00:51:58.730 --> 00:52:00.398
  • SAYS I'M NOT ANY OF THAT.
  • 00:52:00.498 --> 00:52:02.000
  • I'M A "CHRISTOCRAT,"MEANING THE ONLY THING I
  • 00:52:02.100 --> 00:52:04.836
  • CARE ABOUT ARE CHRISTIANPRINCIPLES, AND I WANT TO
  • 00:52:04.936 --> 00:52:07.672
  • MOVE THOSE FORWARDREGARDLESS OF THE PARTY.
  • 00:52:07.772 --> 00:52:10.575
  • AND THIS IS WHERE INCULTURE TODAY IT'S SO
  • 00:52:10.675 --> 00:52:12.377
  • EASY TO LOOK AND SAYTHIS PARTY IS GOOD,
  • 00:52:12.477 --> 00:52:14.279
  • THAT PARTY IS BAD FORWHATEVER REASON.
  • 00:52:14.379 --> 00:52:16.681
  • WE NEED TO SAY WAIT ASECOND, WHAT WE CARE THE
  • 00:52:16.781 --> 00:52:18.516
  • MOST ABOUT ARETHE PRINCIPLES.
  • 00:52:18.616 --> 00:52:20.385
  • WE WANT TO PROMOTEGODLY PRINCIPLES.
  • 00:52:20.485 --> 00:52:21.719
  • WE WANT TO PROMOTEBIBLICAL PRINCIPLES.
  • 00:52:21.819 --> 00:52:23.154
  • WE KNOW THATRIGHTEOUSNESS IS WHAT
  • 00:52:23.254 --> 00:52:24.589
  • EXALTS A NATION, SO WEWANT TO AS CHRISTIANS TO
  • 00:52:24.689 --> 00:52:27.525
  • PROMOTE GODLY ANDRIGHTEOUS PRINCIPLES.
  • 00:52:27.625 --> 00:52:29.427
  • PART OF HOW WE WANT TO DOTHAT IS TRY TO ELECT A
  • 00:52:29.527 --> 00:52:31.796
  • GODLY AND A RIGHTEOUSPRESIDENT AND A LEADER,
  • 00:52:31.896 --> 00:52:33.932
  • AND PART OF HOW THATHAPPENS IS WE HAVE TO GET
  • 00:52:34.032 --> 00:52:35.767
  • INVOLVED EARLY THROUGHTHE PROCESS, THROUGH
  • 00:52:35.867 --> 00:52:37.368
  • THE PRIMARY PROCESS.
  • 00:52:37.468 --> 00:52:38.536
  • GET THAT CANDIDATE TO THEPRIMARY PROCESS, AND THEN
  • 00:52:38.636 --> 00:52:40.705
  • WE STAY ENGAGED THE WHOLETIME MAKING SURE THAT WE
  • 00:52:40.805 --> 00:52:43.708
  • ARE VOTING NOT JUST FORA PERSONALITY BUT
  • 00:52:43.808 --> 00:52:46.377
  • FOR PRINCIPLES OFRIGHTEOUSNESS.
  • 00:52:46.477 --> 00:52:49.247
  • - THE CIVIL ARENA CAN BEAN INTIMIDATING PLACE,
  • 00:52:49.347 --> 00:52:51.749
  • BUT THE MORE INFORMED YOUARE, THE MORE EMPOWERED
  • 00:52:51.849 --> 00:52:53.818
  • YOU WILL BE TOGET INVOLVED.
  • 00:52:53.918 --> 00:52:55.587
  • VOTING IS NOT JUST A RIGHT,IT'S A RESPONSIBILITY.
  • 00:52:55.687 --> 00:52:58.556
  • AS CHRISTIANS, WE ARECALLED TO STEWARD THE
  • 00:52:58.656 --> 00:53:00.592
  • NATION GOD HAS PLACEDUS IN, BUT STEWARDSHIP
  • 00:53:00.692 --> 00:53:03.194
  • STARTS LONG BEFORE YOUHEAD TO THE POLLS.
  • 00:53:03.294 --> 00:53:05.897
  • FIRST, REMEMBER THIS, CHOOSEPRINCIPLES OVER PARTY.
  • 00:53:05.997 --> 00:53:09.534
  • LOOK AT WHAT THE BIBLESAYS ABOUT EDUCATION,
  • 00:53:09.634 --> 00:53:12.003
  • LIFE, ECONOMICS,MARRIAGE, FAMILY,
  • 00:53:12.103 --> 00:53:15.006
  • IMMIGRATION, RELIGIOUSLIBERTY, AND THEN CHOOSE
  • 00:53:15.106 --> 00:53:17.642
  • THE PARTY AND THECANDIDATES THAT BEST
  • 00:53:17.742 --> 00:53:19.510
  • MIRROR THOSE VALUES.PRINCIPLES OVER PARTY.
  • 00:53:19.611 --> 00:53:23.014
  • SECOND, IT'S IMPORTANT TOSUPPORT THE GOOD QUALITY
  • 00:53:23.114 --> 00:53:25.850
  • CANDIDATES RUNNINGFOR PUBLIC OFFICE.
  • 00:53:25.950 --> 00:53:27.986
  • ALTHOUGH THE CANDIDATEWHO STANDS FOR GODLY
  • 00:53:28.086 --> 00:53:29.721
  • VALUES MAY OFTEN BEBULLIED, BELITTLED,
  • 00:53:29.821 --> 00:53:32.123
  • ATTACKED OR IGNORED BYTHE MEDIA, THIS IS NOT AN
  • 00:53:32.223 --> 00:53:34.859
  • INSURMOUNTABLE PROBLEM.
  • 00:53:34.959 --> 00:53:36.494
  • A CANDIDATE CAN OVERCOMETHE MEDIA WITH A STRONG
  • 00:53:36.594 --> 00:53:38.663
  • GRASS ROOTS TEAMLIFTING HIM UP.
  • 00:53:38.763 --> 00:53:41.065
  • SO WHEN YOU FIND A GOODCANDIDATE, GET INVOLVED.
  • 00:53:41.165 --> 00:53:43.268
  • OFFER WHATEVER FINANCIALSUPPORT YOU CAN.
  • 00:53:43.368 --> 00:53:45.637
  • VOLUNTEER SOME OF YOURTIME, EVEN IF IT'S
  • 00:53:45.737 --> 00:53:47.839
  • ONLY AN HOUR OR TWO.
  • 00:53:47.939 --> 00:53:49.407
  • VOICE AND SHOW YOURSUPPORT FOR THOSE
  • 00:53:49.507 --> 00:53:50.942
  • CANDIDATES INTHE COMMUNITY.
  • 00:53:51.042 --> 00:53:52.744
  • VOTE AT ALL PRIMARIESAND MAIN ELECTIONS.
  • 00:53:52.844 --> 00:53:55.413
  • CALL OR WRITE HIS OR HEROFFICE TO LET THEM KNOW
  • 00:53:55.513 --> 00:53:57.715
  • THAT YOU SUPPORTWHAT THEY'RE DOING.
  • 00:53:57.815 --> 00:53:59.684
  • UNFORTUNATELY, TOO FEWCHRISTIANS COMMUNICATE
  • 00:53:59.784 --> 00:54:02.253
  • DIRECTLY WITH THOSEELECTED TO REPRESENT THEM.
  • 00:54:02.353 --> 00:54:04.822
  • POLITICIANS ARECONSTANTLY MAKING
  • 00:54:04.922 --> 00:54:06.391
  • DECISIONS THAT WILLAFFECT YOUR CITY, STATE
  • 00:54:06.491 --> 00:54:08.993
  • AND COUNTRY AND A WELLWRITTEN LETTER OR EMAIL
  • 00:54:09.093 --> 00:54:11.763
  • CAN HAVE MORE IMPACTTHAN YOU CAN IMAGINE.
  • 00:54:11.863 --> 00:54:14.198
  • THIRD, ONCE YOU HAVEBECOME ACTIVE AS AN
  • 00:54:14.299 --> 00:54:16.000
  • INDIVIDUAL, IT MAY BETIME TO LEAD COMMUNITY
  • 00:54:16.100 --> 00:54:18.770
  • CHANGE. YES, YOU!
  • 00:54:18.870 --> 00:54:20.672
  • GATHER OTHERS WHO BELIEVEAS YOU DO AND START A
  • 00:54:20.772 --> 00:54:23.041
  • LOCAL GROUP INYOUR COMMUNITY.
  • 00:54:23.141 --> 00:54:24.942
  • EFFECTIVE CHANGE MOSTOFTEN COMES THROUGH WELL
  • 00:54:25.043 --> 00:54:27.045
  • ORGANIZED AND WELL LEDGROUPS THAT REPRESENT A
  • 00:54:27.145 --> 00:54:29.981
  • BODY OF THE ELECTORATE.
  • 00:54:30.081 --> 00:54:31.649
  • FINALLY, PRAY.
  • 00:54:31.749 --> 00:54:33.084
  • BECOME ACTIVE IN PRAYINGFOR LEADERS AND OFFICIALS
  • 00:54:33.184 --> 00:54:35.219
  • AT ALL LEVELS AS INSTRUCTEDIN 1 TIMOTHY 2:1-4.
  • 00:54:35.320 --> 00:54:39.590
  • PRAY FOR ELECTEDOFFICIALS, ISSUES,
  • 00:54:39.691 --> 00:54:41.759
  • COURT CASES, AND POTENTIALCANDIDATES.
  • 00:54:41.859 --> 00:54:43.961
  • THERE IS POWER IN PRAYER.
  • 00:54:44.062 --> 00:54:45.630
  • AS THE FOUNDING FATHERJOHN HANCOCK WISELY
  • 00:54:45.730 --> 00:54:47.899
  • CHALLENGED CHRISTIANCITIZENS IN HIS DAY, I
  • 00:54:47.999 --> 00:54:50.568
  • URGE YOU BY ALL THAT ISDEAR, BY ALL THAT IS
  • 00:54:50.668 --> 00:54:53.037
  • HONORABLE, BY ALL THAT ISSACRED, NOT ONLY THAT YOU
  • 00:54:53.137 --> 00:54:56.074
  • PRAY BUT THAT YE ACT.
  • 00:54:56.174 --> 00:54:58.476
  • DO ALL FOUR OF THESEACTION STEPS AND YOU CAN
  • 00:54:58.576 --> 00:55:00.712
  • SHAPE THE FUTURE OF YOURCITY, STATE AND NATION.
  • 00:55:00.812 --> 00:55:03.781
  • IT'S TIME TO PUT YOURINFLUENCE TO WORK THROUGH
  • 00:55:03.881 --> 00:55:05.983
  • ELECTION SEASONAND BEYOND.
  • 00:55:06.084 --> 00:55:09.087
  • - A BIG ELECTION ISAPPROACHING AND SOME
  • 00:55:09.187 --> 00:55:10.722
  • MAJOR DECISIONSARE ABOUT TO BE MADE.
  • 00:55:10.822 --> 00:55:12.657
  • VOTING IS ONE OF OUR MOSTIMPORTANT RIGHTS AND
  • 00:55:12.757 --> 00:55:14.759
  • RESPONSIBILITIESAS U.S. CITIZENS.
  • 00:55:14.859 --> 00:55:16.794
  • AND THIS NEXT ELECTIONWILL ULTIMATELY DETERMINE
  • 00:55:16.894 --> 00:55:18.730
  • WHO MAKES THE CALLS ONALL THE ISSUES THAT
  • 00:55:18.830 --> 00:55:20.832
  • YOU AND I CARE THEMOST ABOUT.
  • 00:55:20.932 --> 00:55:22.433
  • IN THIS UPCOMINGELECTION, YOUR VOICE
  • 00:55:22.533 --> 00:55:24.102
  • AND YOUR VOTE COUNT.
  • 00:55:24.202 --> 00:55:25.703
  • - THE PRESIDENT WHOTAKES OFFICE WILL HAVE
  • 00:55:25.803 --> 00:55:27.605
  • THE OPPORTUNITY TO MAKESOME MAJOR DECISIONS THIS
  • 00:55:27.705 --> 00:55:30.274
  • TERM THAT WILL IMPACTGENERATIONS TO COME.
  • 00:55:30.375 --> 00:55:33.344
  • THE ONE-THIRD OF THESENATE WE VOTE INTO
  • 00:55:33.444 --> 00:55:35.179
  • OFFICE THIS ELECTION WILLDETERMINE JUST HOW FAR
  • 00:55:35.279 --> 00:55:38.049
  • THAT NEXT PRESIDENT CAN GOIN MAKING THOSE DECISIONS.
  • 00:55:38.149 --> 00:55:40.952
  • AND ALL THE HOUSE OFREPRESENTATIVE SEATS WILL
  • 00:55:41.052 --> 00:55:43.121
  • BE UP FOR GRABS, SO THISIS THE YEAR TO SHOW UP
  • 00:55:43.221 --> 00:55:45.790
  • AND VOTE YOUR VALUES.
  • 00:55:45.890 --> 00:55:47.725
  • - WE HAVE A CHANCETO SHAPE HISTORY
  • 00:55:47.825 --> 00:55:49.660
  • ONE VOTE AT A TIME.
  • 00:55:49.761 --> 00:55:52.163