Acts to Revelation | Episode 13 | TBN

Acts to Revelation | Episode 13

Watch Acts to Revelation | Episode 13
July 4, 2018
27:31

Drive Thru History: Acts to Revelation

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Acts to Revelation | Episode 13

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  • Dave Stotts: In our last episode, Paul made a final
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  • journey to Jerusalem where he was promptly accused
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  • of drummed-up charges by the Jewish authorities.
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  • In order to avoid a riot and a vigilante execution,
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  • the Romans moved Paul out of Jerusalem
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  • to the coastal city of Caesarea.
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  • Paul was held in Caesarea for about two years.
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  • Although he had hearings with local leaders,
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  • neither of the governors would make a decision
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  • about his case.
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  • In the end, Paul declared, "I appeal to Caesar,"
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  • and Festus replied, "You have appealed to Caesar,
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  • to Caesar you will go."
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  • 00:00:43.220 --> 00:00:53.210
  • 00:00:53.220 --> 00:01:03.210
  • 00:01:03.220 --> 00:01:13.210
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  • Dave: According to Acts chapter 27, the voyage to Rome
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  • was arranged quickly and Paul was handed over
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  • to a centurion named Julius.
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  • It's obvious from the text that Luke would go along too,
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  • as well as a man named Aristarchus from Thessalonica.
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  • The ship left Caesarea en route to Asia province.
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  • Along the way, they landed at Sidon and Julius, in kindness
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  • to Paul, allowed him to visit Christian friends there.
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  • From Sidon, they put out to sea again and faced stiff winds.
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  • The ship had to detour to the leeward side, or sheltered side,
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  • of Cyprus before landing at the port of Myra.
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  • Today, Myra is home to a well-preserved archeology site
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  • on the southwest coast of Turkey, which contains this
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  • Roman theater and these incredible rock-cut tombs.
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  • At Myra, Julius arranged for Paul and his party to board
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  • a new ship, an Alexandrian grain freighter bound for Italy.
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  • These grain freighters were large commercial vessels
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  • that were a common sight on the Mediterranean Sea
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  • during the time of Paul.
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  • These ships could carry a vast amount of cargo and hundreds
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  • of passengers, and were not exceeded in size
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  • until the beginning of the 19th century.
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  • Dave: The ship would have been part of a well-organized
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  • fleet that carried passengers and manufactured goods
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  • such as pottery and metalwork from Italy to Egypt.
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  • In Egypt, the goods would have been exchanged for new
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  • passengers and grain and would return to Italy.
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  • With favorable weather, the voyage from Italy to Egypt was
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  • an easy two weeks, but the return trip with grain-heavy
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  • ships was a different matter.
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  • Because of the prevailing weather, the ships had to travel
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  • against the wind and make a number of turning maneuvers
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  • or tacks back and forth across the Mediterranean Sea.
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  • This voyage was not for inexperienced captain or crew
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  • and there were often long periods of waiting in ports
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  • for the weather and wind to cooperate.
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  • According to the 27th chapter of the book of Acts,
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  • the Alexandrian grain freighter finally left port at Myra
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  • and made sluggish progress towards Rome.
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  • Luke's account says that it was, quote,
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  • "After the Day of Atonement."
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  • Therefore, it was likely the middle of October
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  • and very late in the year to make the passage safely.
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  • The storm season was fast approaching.
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  • "We made slow headway for many days
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  • and had difficult arriving off Cnidus.
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  • When the wind did not allow us to hold our course,
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  • we sailed to the lee of Crete opposite Salmone.
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  • We moved along the coast with difficulty
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  • and came to a place called Fair Havens."
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  • Much time had been lost and sailing had already become
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  • dangerous so Paul warned them, "'Men, I can see that our voyage
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  • is going to be disastrous and bring great loss to ship
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  • and cargo, and to our own lives also.'
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  • But the centurion, instead of listening to what Paul said,
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  • followed the advice of the captain of the ship.
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  • Since the harbor was unsuitable to winter in,
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  • the majority decided that we should sail on,
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  • hoping to reach Phoenix and winter there.
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  • This was a harbor in Crete," Acts 27:7 through 12.
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  • Fair Havens and the rugged southern coast
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  • of Crete provided no shelter for Paul's ship.
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  • It's not hard to imagine that the captain of the ship
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  • would have ignored the warnings of a prisoner.
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  • Therefore, the captain decided that they should not stay there
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  • for the winter and try to move on to Phoenix,
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  • a port on the protected side of the island,
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  • about 40 miles away.
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  • As we're about to find out, that would prove
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  • to be a disastrous decision.
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  • Dave: Here's another interesting piece of biblical
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  • history related to Crete.
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  • Paul had a student named Titus who was left on Crete
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  • to lead the church there.
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  • Just like he did with his apprentice, Timothy, Paul wrote
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  • Titus a letter that made its way into the New Testament.
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  • The Epistle to Titus, as it's known,
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  • was written in about 66 A.D.
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  • to encourage Titus in his pastoring role.
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  • In it, Paul warned Titus about the reputations of those living
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  • on the island but also motivated him to find good leaders to help
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  • him lead the church there.
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  • Here's a great passage that sums up much of Paul's letter to
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  • Titus at Crete: "At one time we too were foolish, disobedient,
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  • deceived and enslaved by all kinds of passions and pleasures.
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  • We lived in malice and envy,
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  • being hated and hating one another.
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  • But when the kindness and love of God our Savior appeared,
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  • he saved us, not because of righteous things we had done,
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  • but because of his mercy," Titus 3:3 through 5.
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  • Dave: Okay, back to Paul's sea voyage as described in the
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  • book of Acts: "With a gentle south wind beginning to blow,
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  • they saw their opportunity; so they weighed anchor
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  • and sailed along the shore of Crete.
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  • Before very long, a wind of hurricane force,
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  • called the Northeaster, swept down from the island.
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  • The ship was caught by the storm and could not head into the
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  • wind; so we gave way to it and were driven along.
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  • As we passed to the lee of a small island called Cauda,
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  • we were hardly able to make the lifeboat secure,
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  • so the men hoisted it aboard.
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  • Then they passed ropes under the ship itself
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  • to hold it together," Acts 27:13 through 17.
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  • There was nothing the captain or crew could do but give up
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  • and allow the wind to take them where it wanted to go.
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  • Soon they would be driven out to sea, southwest of Crete.
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  • Experienced seamen knew what this meant.
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  • They were being driven into the graveyards of the Mediterranean,
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  • the fearful sandbars of Syrtis.
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  • Dave: Syrtis was a dangerous gulf of shifting currents and
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  • sandbanks off the coasts of Libya and Tunisia.
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  • The main area was about 200 miles across and nearly
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  • impossible to safely navigate.
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  • As far back as the third century B.C.,
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  • we have accounts of the Syrtis Sands and the terrible stories
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  • of what happened to stranded ships and crews.
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  • Many sailors also associated the area with mythological monsters.
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  • Dave: According to Acts, the fearful crew lowered their sails
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  • and dropped a sea anchor into the water to slow their movement
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  • towards Syrtis.
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  • A sea anchor is like a big parachute in the water
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  • to stabilize a ship in the waves and currents.
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  • And then the sailors began to throw cargo and equipment
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  • overboard to lighten the load.
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  • Day after day, the wind and the waves pounded against the ship,
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  • weakening the timbers and soaking the passengers.
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  • Everyone on board was cold and sick, hungry and afraid.
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  • Luke wrote: "When neither sun nor stars appeared for many days
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  • and the storm continued raging, we finally gave up all hope
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  • of being saved," Acts 27:20.
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  • Dave: For two weeks they were adrift, being driven by the
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  • winds, expecting the end with every wave.
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  • But the vessel held together and they were no longer being driven
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  • toward the Syrtis Sands off Libya.
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  • Here's what happened next, according to Luke's dramatic
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  • first-person account: "On the 14th night we were still being
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  • driven across the Adriatic Sea, when about midnight the sailors
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  • sensed they were approaching land.
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  • They took soundings and found that the water
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  • was 120 feet deep.
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  • A short time later they took soundings again
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  • and found that it was 90 feet deep.
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  • Fearing that we would be dashed against the rocks, they dropped
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  • four anchors from the stern and prayed for daylight.
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  • In an attempt to escape from the ship, the sailors let the
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  • lifeboat down into the sea, pretending they were going to
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  • lower some anchors from the bow.
  • 00:10:20.290 --> 00:10:23.030
  • Then Paul said to the centurion and the soldiers, 'Unless these
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  • men stay with the ship, you cannot be saved.'
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  • So the soldiers cut the ropes that held the lifeboat
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  • and let it drift away.
  • 00:10:34.010 --> 00:10:36.000
  • Just before dawn Paul urged them all to eat.
  • 00:10:36.010 --> 00:10:40.030
  • 'For the last 14 days,' he said, 'you have been in constant
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  • suspense and have gone without food--you
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  • haven't eaten anything.
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  • Now I urge you to take some food.
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  • You need it to survive.
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  • Not one of you will lose a single hair from his head.'
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  • After he said this, he took some bread and gave thanks to God.
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  • When daylight came, they did not recognize the land,
  • 00:11:01.160 --> 00:11:04.280
  • but they saw a bay with a sandy beach,
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  • where they decided to run the ship aground if they could.
  • 00:11:07.230 --> 00:11:11.220
  • Cutting loose the anchors, they left them in the sea
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  • and at the same time untied the ropes that held the rudders.
  • 00:11:15.090 --> 00:11:19.120
  • Then they hoisted the foresail to the wind
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  • and made for the beach.
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  • But the ship struck a sandbar and ran aground.
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  • The bow stuck fast and would not move, and the stern was broken
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  • to pieces by the pounding of the surf," Acts 27:27 through 41.
  • 00:11:31.250 --> 00:11:37.270
  • Dave: So according to the rest of Luke's account,
  • 00:11:38.280 --> 00:11:41.050
  • the Roman soldiers wanted to kill the prisoners
  • 00:11:41.060 --> 00:11:44.090
  • so that they couldn't escape in all the chaos.
  • 00:11:44.100 --> 00:11:47.210
  • But Julius, wanting to spare Paul's life, said, "No."
  • 00:11:47.220 --> 00:11:52.030
  • He ordered everyone to jump overboard and swim for it.
  • 00:11:52.040 --> 00:11:56.240
  • So they did, all 276 people onboard.
  • 00:11:56.250 --> 00:12:01.290
  • And so Paul's promise of everyone escaping and surviving
  • 00:12:02.000 --> 00:12:06.040
  • came true and they, one by one, washed ashore
  • 00:12:06.050 --> 00:12:09.160
  • on the island of Malta.
  • 00:12:09.170 --> 00:12:11.180
  • 00:12:13.130 --> 00:12:15.170
  • Dave: This is the beautiful island of Malta.
  • 00:12:15.180 --> 00:12:19.020
  • 00:12:19.030 --> 00:12:22.220
  • Malta is part of a small archipelago in the Mediterranean
  • 00:12:22.230 --> 00:12:26.120
  • Sea about 58 miles south of Italy.
  • 00:12:26.130 --> 00:12:29.150
  • 00:12:29.160 --> 00:12:34.170
  • The island is about 17 miles long and 9 miles wide,
  • 00:12:34.180 --> 00:12:39.010
  • the largest of the three main islands in the archipelago
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  • of Malta, Gozo, and Comino.
  • 00:12:42.180 --> 00:12:46.270
  • This large plateau in the center of Malta has been home
  • 00:12:46.280 --> 00:12:50.120
  • to the island's main settlement for centuries.
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  • Now known as Mdina, the site is considered one
  • 00:12:53.110 --> 00:12:56.000
  • of the best-preserved examples of a walled medieval city
  • 00:12:56.010 --> 00:12:59.220
  • in all of Europe.
  • 00:12:59.230 --> 00:13:01.200
  • 00:13:01.210 --> 00:13:07.280
  • Dave: The show's "Drive Thru History"
  • 00:13:11.160 --> 00:13:12.260
  • but I'm not partial to cars.
  • 00:13:12.270 --> 00:13:16.030
  • Dave: People have lived on the island of Malta
  • 00:13:24.000 --> 00:13:26.010
  • for thousands of years, as evidenced by large stone temples
  • 00:13:26.020 --> 00:13:30.170
  • and carved stone reliefs with intricate designs.
  • 00:13:30.180 --> 00:13:34.110
  • About the eighth century B.C., the Phoenicians settled here
  • 00:13:34.120 --> 00:13:38.170
  • and they brought advances such as metallurgy and writing.
  • 00:13:38.180 --> 00:13:43.000
  • The Phoenicians established their main city
  • 00:13:43.010 --> 00:13:45.160
  • up on this large plateau in the middle of the island.
  • 00:13:45.170 --> 00:13:49.080
  • They considered this location to be a place of refuge
  • 00:13:49.090 --> 00:13:52.050
  • because it was naturally defensible.
  • 00:13:52.060 --> 00:13:54.220
  • In fact, the ancient name for the island is derived
  • 00:13:54.230 --> 00:13:57.170
  • from the Phoenician word, "melita" which means refuge.
  • 00:13:57.180 --> 00:14:02.220
  • During the Roman period, Malta was part
  • 00:14:02.230 --> 00:14:04.240
  • of the Roman province of Sicily.
  • 00:14:04.250 --> 00:14:07.080
  • The name of this main city in the center of the island was
  • 00:14:07.090 --> 00:14:10.270
  • Latinized to Melite and it was considered the Roman capital
  • 00:14:10.280 --> 00:14:15.040
  • of the Maltese islands.
  • 00:14:15.050 --> 00:14:17.230
  • My next stop in Malta is Marsa, the main harbor on the island
  • 00:14:17.240 --> 00:14:21.150
  • during the Roman period.
  • 00:14:21.160 --> 00:14:23.000
  • It's about 7½ miles from here so there's no way
  • 00:14:23.010 --> 00:14:26.220
  • I'm riding behind Gaseous Maximus.
  • 00:14:26.230 --> 00:14:29.150
  • [horse neighing]
  • 00:14:29.160 --> 00:14:30.260
  • 00:14:30.270 --> 00:14:35.110
  • Dave: This is a 1964 Volkswagen Beetle.
  • 00:14:35.120 --> 00:14:39.140
  • It's got a 40 horsepower, air-cooled engine out back,
  • 00:14:39.150 --> 00:14:48.220
  • and the gas tank is up here in the frunk--that's
  • 00:14:48.230 --> 00:14:51.280
  • the front trunk.
  • 00:14:51.290 --> 00:14:53.210
  • Now, the steering wheel is on the right because Malta
  • 00:14:53.220 --> 00:14:56.280
  • was part of the British Empire
  • 00:14:56.290 --> 00:14:58.120
  • when people started driving cars here.
  • 00:14:58.130 --> 00:15:01.110
  • It's the way you make me feel.
  • 00:15:01.120 --> 00:15:06.090
  • That I'm the luckiest one.
  • 00:15:06.100 --> 00:15:11.290
  • I'm so lucky.
  • 00:15:12.000 --> 00:15:13.170
  • 00:15:13.180 --> 00:15:18.210
  • Dave: The view from the driver's seat is about
  • 00:15:18.220 --> 00:15:20.130
  • as basic as it gets.
  • 00:15:20.140 --> 00:15:22.080
  • And that smell, very Volkswageny.
  • 00:15:22.090 --> 00:15:27.150
  • And that happy mechanical sound of that
  • 00:15:27.160 --> 00:15:29.250
  • air-cooled four-cylinder engine,
  • 00:15:29.260 --> 00:15:33.180
  • [engine revving]
  • 00:15:33.190 --> 00:15:38.280
  • It's like nothing they build today.
  • 00:15:38.290 --> 00:15:41.030
  • 00:15:41.040 --> 00:15:51.030
  • 00:15:51.040 --> 00:15:59.160
  • Dave: I made it to the ancient harbor of Marsa.
  • 00:15:59.170 --> 00:16:02.150
  • Today, this awesome place is known as the Grand Harbour
  • 00:16:02.160 --> 00:16:06.150
  • or the Port of Valletta.
  • 00:16:06.160 --> 00:16:10.090
  • According to ancient sources, it was here that Roman ships
  • 00:16:10.100 --> 00:16:13.250
  • would spend the winter when docked here at Malta.
  • 00:16:13.260 --> 00:16:17.210
  • Archeologists have now discovered all sorts
  • 00:16:17.220 --> 00:16:20.100
  • of seafaring gear, large storehouses, cisterns,
  • 00:16:20.110 --> 00:16:24.220
  • Roman pottery, and Greek inscriptions,
  • 00:16:24.230 --> 00:16:27.070
  • all around the harbor area.
  • 00:16:27.080 --> 00:16:29.110
  • During the Roman period, a temple of Juno rose above the
  • 00:16:29.120 --> 00:16:33.000
  • harbor and served as the primary landmark for experienced sailors
  • 00:16:33.010 --> 00:16:37.290
  • on the Mediterranean Sea.
  • 00:16:38.000 --> 00:16:39.240
  • Today, the Fort of St. Angelo which was originally built
  • 00:16:39.250 --> 00:16:43.160
  • during the medieval period has replaced the Temple of Juno
  • 00:16:43.170 --> 00:16:46.140
  • as the primary landmark on the shoreline.
  • 00:16:46.150 --> 00:16:50.290
  • Dave: Yo ho ho, a pirate's life for me.
  • 00:16:51.000 --> 00:16:54.160
  • [straining]
  • 00:16:54.170 --> 00:16:56.280
  • Or not.
  • 00:16:56.290 --> 00:16:58.280
  • Dave: Now the main city of Malta is now considered to be
  • 00:16:58.290 --> 00:17:02.040
  • the beautiful city of Valletta, right here on the coast.
  • 00:17:02.050 --> 00:17:06.240
  • You can see why this city has been used in countless movies.
  • 00:17:06.250 --> 00:17:10.160
  • 00:17:10.170 --> 00:17:20.160
  • 00:17:20.170 --> 00:17:23.140
  • Dave: Now let's take a drive to another part of the island
  • 00:17:23.150 --> 00:17:26.060
  • and continue the story of Paul's shipwreck in 59 A.D.
  • 00:17:26.070 --> 00:17:32.250
  • Dave: According to tradition, the site of Paul's shipwreck
  • 00:17:32.260 --> 00:17:35.290
  • is usually placed here on the north shore of the island,
  • 00:17:36.000 --> 00:17:39.290
  • about 9 miles northwest of Valletta.
  • 00:17:40.000 --> 00:17:43.000
  • Now, the antiquity of the tradition is difficult to trace
  • 00:17:43.010 --> 00:17:46.080
  • but this location has been known as St. Paul's Bay
  • 00:17:46.090 --> 00:17:50.000
  • since about the 12th century.
  • 00:17:50.010 --> 00:17:52.280
  • Dave: There are geographical and historical clues given
  • 00:17:52.290 --> 00:17:56.010
  • in the Acts account.
  • 00:17:56.020 --> 00:17:57.250
  • The shipwreck site was described as "land unrecognizable
  • 00:17:57.260 --> 00:18:01.210
  • to the professional sailors," suggesting that it was not a
  • 00:18:01.220 --> 00:18:04.280
  • location that ships normally passed on their way to Rome.
  • 00:18:04.290 --> 00:18:08.260
  • Beyond the shore, there was a feature like a reef or sandbar
  • 00:18:08.270 --> 00:18:13.040
  • at a place, quote, "where two seas meet."
  • 00:18:13.050 --> 00:18:16.200
  • On the island, there was a bay with a sandy beach.
  • 00:18:16.210 --> 00:18:21.020
  • According to some scholars, the description of a bay
  • 00:18:21.030 --> 00:18:24.130
  • with a beach and where two seas meet appears to match
  • 00:18:24.140 --> 00:18:28.160
  • the geography of St. Paul's Bay.
  • 00:18:28.170 --> 00:18:31.190
  • You have this channel of water between the smaller Salmonetta
  • 00:18:31.200 --> 00:18:35.080
  • Island and the larger island of Malta that gives the appearance
  • 00:18:35.090 --> 00:18:39.060
  • of two seas meeting.
  • 00:18:39.070 --> 00:18:41.160
  • Today, the smaller uninhabited Salmonetta Island
  • 00:18:41.170 --> 00:18:44.180
  • is called St. Paul's Island.
  • 00:18:44.190 --> 00:18:46.090
  • There's a lone statue of Paul that's stood on it
  • 00:18:46.100 --> 00:18:48.260
  • since about 1844.
  • 00:18:48.270 --> 00:18:51.140
  • You also have a rocky beach here at St. Paul's Bay, along
  • 00:18:51.150 --> 00:18:55.150
  • with a shoal where a boat could have easily gotten stuck
  • 00:18:55.160 --> 00:18:59.190
  • and battered by the waves.
  • 00:18:59.200 --> 00:19:04.200
  • Dave: But probably most significantly, the ancient
  • 00:19:04.210 --> 00:19:07.170
  • historians Lucian and Josephus described the normal route of
  • 00:19:07.180 --> 00:19:12.040
  • grain freighters from Alexandria to Rome as going past Malta on
  • 00:19:12.050 --> 00:19:16.250
  • the eastern side, where the main harbor and various structures
  • 00:19:16.260 --> 00:19:20.280
  • such as the Temple of Juno were visible.
  • 00:19:20.290 --> 00:19:23.260
  • According to Acts 27:39, the sailors on Paul's ship
  • 00:19:23.270 --> 00:19:28.040
  • didn't recognize their location.
  • 00:19:28.050 --> 00:19:30.190
  • This suggests the possibility of a shipwreck
  • 00:19:30.200 --> 00:19:33.060
  • on the rarely traveled north side of the island
  • 00:19:33.070 --> 00:19:36.090
  • where St. Paul's Bay now is.
  • 00:19:36.100 --> 00:19:39.070
  • There have been some other possible locations proposed for
  • 00:19:39.080 --> 00:19:42.070
  • Paul's shipwreck here on Malta based on geographical analysis
  • 00:19:42.080 --> 00:19:46.180
  • and the discovery of ancient Roman anchors.
  • 00:19:46.190 --> 00:19:49.280
  • They lack the tradition of St. Paul's Bay
  • 00:19:49.290 --> 00:19:53.000
  • but there are some fascinating theories.
  • 00:19:53.010 --> 00:19:55.050
  • We just don't know for sure.
  • 00:19:55.060 --> 00:19:57.220
  • Dave: Let's return to Luke's account: "Once safely on shore,
  • 00:19:57.230 --> 00:20:02.030
  • we found out that the island was called Malta.
  • 00:20:02.040 --> 00:20:05.060
  • The islanders showed us unusual kindness.
  • 00:20:05.070 --> 00:20:08.020
  • They built a fire and welcomed us all
  • 00:20:08.030 --> 00:20:10.150
  • because it was raining and cold.
  • 00:20:10.160 --> 00:20:12.240
  • Paul gathered a pile of brushwood and,
  • 00:20:12.250 --> 00:20:15.120
  • as he put it on the fire, a viper,
  • 00:20:15.130 --> 00:20:18.040
  • driven out by the heat, fastened itself on his hand.
  • 00:20:18.050 --> 00:20:22.050
  • When the islanders saw the snake hanging from his hand,
  • 00:20:22.060 --> 00:20:25.020
  • they said to each other, 'This man must be a murderer;
  • 00:20:25.030 --> 00:20:28.140
  • for though he escaped from the sea,
  • 00:20:28.150 --> 00:20:30.210
  • the goddess Justice has not allowed him to live.'
  • 00:20:30.220 --> 00:20:34.110
  • But Paul shook the snake off into the fire
  • 00:20:34.120 --> 00:20:37.140
  • and suffered no ill effects.
  • 00:20:37.150 --> 00:20:40.030
  • The people expected him to swell up and suddenly fall dead;
  • 00:20:40.040 --> 00:20:44.030
  • but after waiting a long time and seeing nothing
  • 00:20:44.040 --> 00:20:47.020
  • unusual happen to him, they changed their minds
  • 00:20:47.030 --> 00:20:50.100
  • and said he was a god," Acts 28:1 through 6.
  • 00:20:50.110 --> 00:20:57.030
  • Dave: After Paul and the others made it safely to shore,
  • 00:20:57.040 --> 00:20:59.180
  • they discovered that the name of the island was Malta,
  • 00:20:59.190 --> 00:21:02.240
  • probably after meeting some of the local residents.
  • 00:21:02.250 --> 00:21:05.180
  • Now, Luke describes these locals as barbaroi meaning
  • 00:21:05.190 --> 00:21:09.080
  • they didn't speak Greek or Latin.
  • 00:21:09.090 --> 00:21:11.290
  • Coins and inscriptions discovered here on Malta reveal
  • 00:21:12.000 --> 00:21:15.290
  • that the Punic language and Phoenician script were common
  • 00:21:16.000 --> 00:21:20.200
  • and used alongside Greek and Latin.
  • 00:21:20.210 --> 00:21:23.250
  • The Punic dialect was descended from Phoenician which was
  • 00:21:23.260 --> 00:21:27.150
  • extremely close to ancient Hebrew, so Paul would have been
  • 00:21:27.160 --> 00:21:31.150
  • able to carry on a conversation with them.
  • 00:21:31.160 --> 00:21:34.130
  • Dave: Returning to Acts, "There was an estate nearby
  • 00:21:34.140 --> 00:21:37.260
  • that belonged to Publius, the chief official of the island.
  • 00:21:37.270 --> 00:21:42.070
  • He welcomed us to his home and showed us
  • 00:21:42.080 --> 00:21:45.000
  • generous hospitality for three days.
  • 00:21:45.010 --> 00:21:48.050
  • His father was sick in bed,
  • 00:21:48.060 --> 00:21:50.100
  • suffering from fever and dysentery.
  • 00:21:50.110 --> 00:21:53.040
  • Paul went in to see him and, after prayer, placed his hands
  • 00:21:53.050 --> 00:21:57.180
  • on him and healed him.
  • 00:21:57.190 --> 00:21:59.290
  • When this happened, the rest of the sick on the island
  • 00:22:00.020 --> 00:22:02.290
  • came and were cured.
  • 00:22:03.000 --> 00:22:05.030
  • They honored us in many ways; and when we were ready to sail,
  • 00:22:05.040 --> 00:22:09.000
  • they furnished us with the supplies we needed,"
  • 00:22:09.010 --> 00:22:12.080
  • Acts 28:7 through 10.
  • 00:22:12.090 --> 00:22:15.020
  • Dave: After warming themselves by the fire,
  • 00:22:15.030 --> 00:22:17.230
  • Paul's group was welcomed for three days at the nearby
  • 00:22:17.240 --> 00:22:22.140
  • estate of a man named Publius, the chief official of Malta.
  • 00:22:22.150 --> 00:22:26.290
  • In Greek, Luke refers to Publius as the first man of the island.
  • 00:22:27.000 --> 00:22:32.160
  • According to inscriptions from Malta, this phrase appears
  • 00:22:32.170 --> 00:22:36.170
  • to have been a political title used here in the first century
  • 00:22:36.180 --> 00:22:40.170
  • which matches Luke's description.
  • 00:22:40.180 --> 00:22:43.100
  • Under the governorship of Sicily,
  • 00:22:43.110 --> 00:22:45.280
  • Publius would have been the local leader of the island.
  • 00:22:45.290 --> 00:22:50.140
  • Dave: The estate of Publius would have been a Roman-type
  • 00:22:50.150 --> 00:22:53.060
  • villa belonging to a wealthy local man.
  • 00:22:53.070 --> 00:22:56.130
  • It appears his family lived on the island with him, including
  • 00:22:56.140 --> 00:23:00.130
  • his father who Paul prayed for and healed
  • 00:23:00.140 --> 00:23:03.150
  • of a fever and dysentery.
  • 00:23:03.160 --> 00:23:06.230
  • Near ancient Mdina and modern Rabat is a Roman villa, many of
  • 00:23:06.240 --> 00:23:11.140
  • the ruins of which are housed here in this local museum.
  • 00:23:11.150 --> 00:23:15.260
  • It was called the Domus Romana and it was occupied
  • 00:23:15.270 --> 00:23:19.240
  • between the first century B.C. and the second century A.D.
  • 00:23:19.250 --> 00:23:24.110
  • It's the best example of a Roman-style estate discovered on
  • 00:23:24.120 --> 00:23:29.040
  • Malta from the time of Paul.
  • 00:23:29.050 --> 00:23:32.050
  • Now, they've also discovered all sorts of Roman period coins and
  • 00:23:32.060 --> 00:23:35.260
  • pottery here, and this statue of Emperor Claudius and another of
  • 00:23:35.270 --> 00:23:40.240
  • his daughter Antonia are also housed here at this museum.
  • 00:23:40.250 --> 00:23:45.220
  • 00:23:45.230 --> 00:23:50.200
  • Dave: There's an interesting side note here
  • 00:23:50.210 --> 00:23:52.120
  • from Christian history.
  • 00:23:52.130 --> 00:23:54.120
  • A man named Publius became the first Christian bishop
  • 00:23:54.130 --> 00:23:58.090
  • of Athens in the late first century.
  • 00:23:58.100 --> 00:24:01.140
  • He was later martyred under the reign
  • 00:24:01.150 --> 00:24:02.240
  • of Roman Emperor Trajan in 112 A.D.
  • 00:24:02.250 --> 00:24:06.170
  • Some scholars believe it's the same Publius
  • 00:24:06.180 --> 00:24:09.220
  • that Paul visited here on Malta.
  • 00:24:09.230 --> 00:24:12.230
  • After his visit with Publius, Paul stayed on Malta
  • 00:24:12.240 --> 00:24:15.230
  • for another three months.
  • 00:24:15.240 --> 00:24:17.200
  • Let's take a quick drive and check out one more location
  • 00:24:17.210 --> 00:24:20.270
  • connected to Paul's time here.
  • 00:24:20.280 --> 00:24:23.020
  • 00:24:23.030 --> 00:24:33.020
  • 00:24:33.030 --> 00:24:35.040
  • Dave: Near the center of the island is this cave
  • 00:24:35.050 --> 00:24:37.150
  • called St. Paul's Grotto.
  • 00:24:37.160 --> 00:24:39.240
  • According to tradition, some say this is where Paul lived during
  • 00:24:39.250 --> 00:24:43.260
  • his three months here on Malta.
  • 00:24:43.270 --> 00:24:47.150
  • Now, the site has only been marked since 1366
  • 00:24:47.160 --> 00:24:51.130
  • so there's no direct connection to the biblical accounts.
  • 00:24:51.140 --> 00:24:55.130
  • But this is still a very special place to visit when examining
  • 00:24:55.140 --> 00:24:58.270
  • the life and legacy of Paul here on Malta.
  • 00:24:58.280 --> 00:25:04.130
  • Dave: According to Luke's account, many people
  • 00:25:04.140 --> 00:25:06.290
  • who had diseases came to Paul to be healed over the course
  • 00:25:07.000 --> 00:25:11.250
  • of his three months here.
  • 00:25:11.260 --> 00:25:13.260
  • As a result, many locals gave Paul's group supplies
  • 00:25:13.270 --> 00:25:17.190
  • and honored them.
  • 00:25:17.200 --> 00:25:19.160
  • Sources outside the biblical tradition indicate
  • 00:25:19.170 --> 00:25:22.210
  • that a Christian church was started here in Malta
  • 00:25:22.220 --> 00:25:26.050
  • during Paul's time here.
  • 00:25:26.060 --> 00:25:28.030
  • Tradition also tells us that Publius was the first Christian
  • 00:25:28.040 --> 00:25:31.180
  • bishop here before moving on to Athens.
  • 00:25:31.190 --> 00:25:34.160
  • 00:25:34.170 --> 00:25:38.100
  • Dave: Over the centuries since Paul, Christianity has
  • 00:25:38.110 --> 00:25:41.080
  • become a major part of life here on Malta.
  • 00:25:41.090 --> 00:25:44.190
  • Today, there are over 360 churches on the island chain,
  • 00:25:44.200 --> 00:25:49.030
  • ranging from ornate cathedrals to neighborhood churches.
  • 00:25:49.040 --> 00:25:53.000
  • A saying among the Maltese is that there's a different church
  • 00:25:53.010 --> 00:25:56.200
  • to visit for every day of the year.
  • 00:25:56.210 --> 00:26:01.290
  • I will definitely be coming back to Malta.
  • 00:26:02.000 --> 00:26:04.190
  • What an incredible place to actually see Christian heritage
  • 00:26:04.200 --> 00:26:08.130
  • play out over the nearly 2000 years since that fateful
  • 00:26:08.140 --> 00:26:12.220
  • shipwreck in 59 A.D.
  • 00:26:12.230 --> 00:26:16.030
  • 00:26:16.040 --> 00:26:25.050
  • 00:26:27.130 --> 00:26:37.120
  • 00:26:37.130 --> 00:26:47.120
  • 00:26:47.130 --> 00:26:57.120
  • 00:26:57.130 --> 00:27:07.130
  • 00:27:07.140 --> 00:27:17.130
  • 00:27:17.140 --> 00:27:27.140