Choosing A President | TBN

Choosing A President

Watch Choosing A President
October 19, 2020
26:00

Elections are a core foundation of our American government. In ELECTIONS; David and Tim Barton pull back the curtain on this crucial process. By understanding where elections came from and how they work; you can help determine who will be in the room when our nation’s important decisions are made. During election season; the spotlight may be on the top contenders; but it’s really about the people! Tune into ELECTIONS on TBN to discover your role in this important election process.

Closed captions

Choosing A President

Show timecode
Hide timecode
  • - Elections area core foundation
  • 00:00:00.612 --> 00:00:02.380
  • of our American government.
  • 00:00:02.380 --> 00:00:03.815
  • In the early days,political debates
  • 00:00:03.815 --> 00:00:05.717
  • were held in theaters andlecture halls across America,
  • 00:00:05.717 --> 00:00:08.553
  • like this one,drawing large crowds
  • 00:00:08.553 --> 00:00:10.855
  • from every corner of society.
  • 00:00:10.855 --> 00:00:13.024
  • Now we engage withthe candidates
  • 00:00:13.024 --> 00:00:14.592
  • through TV screensand Twitter feeds,
  • 00:00:14.592 --> 00:00:16.961
  • watching as theelections unfold.
  • 00:00:16.961 --> 00:00:19.064
  • - The spotlight may beon the top contenders,
  • 00:00:19.064 --> 00:00:20.999
  • but it's reallyabout the people.
  • 00:00:20.999 --> 00:00:23.001
  • Today we're going totalk about our role
  • 00:00:23.001 --> 00:00:24.969
  • in this importantelection process.
  • 00:00:24.969 --> 00:00:27.005
  • - By understanding whereelections came from
  • 00:00:27.005 --> 00:00:29.441
  • and how they work,
  • 00:00:29.441 --> 00:00:30.742
  • you can help determinewho will be in the room
  • 00:00:30.742 --> 00:00:32.811
  • when our nation's most importantdecisions are being made.
  • 00:00:32.811 --> 00:00:35.780
  • Today's law makers aretomorrow's history shapers.
  • 00:00:35.780 --> 00:00:39.417
  • I'm David Barton.
  • 00:00:39.417 --> 00:00:40.652
  • - I'm Tim Barton, andthis is Elections.
  • 00:00:40.652 --> 00:00:43.788
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:00:43.788 --> 00:00:46.558
  • As we look at elections, oneof the important questions is
  • 00:00:51.596 --> 00:00:53.898
  • how do we choose a President?
  • 00:00:53.898 --> 00:00:55.667
  • In America, thePresident has always been
  • 00:00:55.667 --> 00:00:57.735
  • the iconic political figure
  • 00:00:57.735 --> 00:00:59.971
  • who has representedthe entire nation,
  • 00:00:59.971 --> 00:01:02.207
  • and there's been some reallygood presidential leaders
  • 00:01:02.207 --> 00:01:05.176
  • in America and some not verygood presidential leaders,
  • 00:01:05.176 --> 00:01:07.712
  • and for some of thereally good leaders,
  • 00:01:07.712 --> 00:01:09.380
  • there have been verydefining moments for them:
  • 00:01:09.380 --> 00:01:11.850
  • When JFK said, "Ask not whatyour country can do for you,
  • 00:01:11.850 --> 00:01:15.120
  • "but ask what you cando for your country,"
  • 00:01:15.120 --> 00:01:17.088
  • when FDR said, "The onlything we have to fear
  • 00:01:17.088 --> 00:01:19.991
  • "is fear itself,"
  • 00:01:19.991 --> 00:01:21.526
  • or when Ronald Reagansaid, "Mr. Gorbachev,
  • 00:01:21.526 --> 00:01:23.862
  • "tear down this wall,"really defining moments
  • 00:01:23.862 --> 00:01:27.599
  • for those presidents,and there also were times
  • 00:01:27.599 --> 00:01:30.168
  • in American history wherethere were presidents
  • 00:01:30.168 --> 00:01:32.303
  • who some of their definingmoments were really bad
  • 00:01:32.303 --> 00:01:34.873
  • and dark moments, suchas Andrew Jackson,
  • 00:01:34.873 --> 00:01:37.275
  • where there wasthe Trail of Tears,
  • 00:01:37.275 --> 00:01:38.776
  • the relocation of the Indians,
  • 00:01:38.776 --> 00:01:40.178
  • and the abuse andmistreatment that occurred
  • 00:01:40.178 --> 00:01:42.213
  • under his presidency,or under Woodrow Wilson,
  • 00:01:42.213 --> 00:01:45.250
  • who was a veryracist man himself,
  • 00:01:45.250 --> 00:01:47.819
  • and under his administrationwas the rebirth of the KKK.
  • 00:01:47.819 --> 00:01:51.289
  • His administration,many of the members
  • 00:01:51.289 --> 00:01:53.791
  • from his own cabinetactually were out marching
  • 00:01:53.791 --> 00:01:56.461
  • with the KKK through thestreets of Washington, D.C.
  • 00:01:56.461 --> 00:02:00.165
  • That's a reallydark and bad moment,
  • 00:02:00.165 --> 00:02:02.634
  • so we have to ask the question,
  • 00:02:02.634 --> 00:02:03.902
  • well how do we getgood presidents?
  • 00:02:03.902 --> 00:02:06.237
  • How do we avoid bad presidents?
  • 00:02:06.237 --> 00:02:08.406
  • And what part do weplay in the process?
  • 00:02:08.406 --> 00:02:11.075
  • - This was the questionthe founding fathers asked
  • 00:02:11.075 --> 00:02:13.278
  • because as they werewriting the Constitution,
  • 00:02:13.278 --> 00:02:15.747
  • they have said we'regoing to have a president.
  • 00:02:15.747 --> 00:02:18.149
  • Article Two of theConstitution, here's who he is
  • 00:02:18.149 --> 00:02:20.685
  • and here's what he's to do,
  • 00:02:20.685 --> 00:02:22.387
  • except they'd neverhad a president before.
  • 00:02:22.387 --> 00:02:24.856
  • So the question is okay,under the new constitution,
  • 00:02:24.856 --> 00:02:27.792
  • how do we choose a president?
  • 00:02:27.792 --> 00:02:29.394
  • And so they came up with variousideas as they were debating
  • 00:02:29.394 --> 00:02:32.297
  • and one of the ideas was well,
  • 00:02:32.297 --> 00:02:34.032
  • let's let Congresschoose the president.
  • 00:02:34.032 --> 00:02:37.035
  • Made some sense, but thenthey said but you know,
  • 00:02:37.035 --> 00:02:39.504
  • if we do that, if Congresschooses the president,
  • 00:02:39.504 --> 00:02:43.007
  • we're supposed to be aseparate branch from him,
  • 00:02:43.007 --> 00:02:45.109
  • but now he'll bebeholden to Congress,
  • 00:02:45.109 --> 00:02:47.879
  • and so we'll really losethe checks and balances
  • 00:02:47.879 --> 00:02:50.782
  • we're supposed tohave in writing this,
  • 00:02:50.782 --> 00:02:52.250
  • so don't think Congressshould choose the president,
  • 00:02:52.250 --> 00:02:54.586
  • and by the way, italso opens it up
  • 00:02:54.586 --> 00:02:57.522
  • to corruption andforeign influence.
  • 00:02:57.522 --> 00:02:59.123
  • I mean, a foreignleader can come in
  • 00:02:59.123 --> 00:03:00.792
  • and buy congressmen, ahandful of congressmen,
  • 00:03:00.792 --> 00:03:02.994
  • a lot faster than he canbuy a bunch of people,
  • 00:03:02.994 --> 00:03:05.597
  • so it's probablynot a good idea.
  • 00:03:05.597 --> 00:03:07.832
  • So the next idea wasokay, let's let the states
  • 00:03:07.832 --> 00:03:11.202
  • choose the president,
  • 00:03:11.202 --> 00:03:12.170
  • and that was a pretty good idea,
  • 00:03:12.170 --> 00:03:13.805
  • because that's reallyimportant in the constitution,
  • 00:03:13.805 --> 00:03:15.907
  • but then they said but you know,
  • 00:03:15.907 --> 00:03:17.575
  • if we let the stateschoose the president,
  • 00:03:17.575 --> 00:03:20.278
  • then that reallykind of violates theseparation of powers
  • 00:03:20.278 --> 00:03:23.181
  • we've establishedin the constitution
  • 00:03:23.181 --> 00:03:24.849
  • between the federal andthe state government,
  • 00:03:24.849 --> 00:03:26.618
  • because the state government'ssupposed to be able to
  • 00:03:26.618 --> 00:03:28.386
  • check the federalgovernment and vice versa,
  • 00:03:28.386 --> 00:03:30.855
  • but now the president wouldbe beholden to the states,
  • 00:03:30.855 --> 00:03:33.825
  • so we lose thatcheck and balance.
  • 00:03:33.825 --> 00:03:35.893
  • They said okay, howabout the people?
  • 00:03:35.893 --> 00:03:38.863
  • Let the people--
  • 00:03:38.863 --> 00:03:39.797
  • That's really important because
  • 00:03:39.797 --> 00:03:40.965
  • this is a governmentof the people.
  • 00:03:40.965 --> 00:03:42.433
  • It says we the people atthe top of the constitution.
  • 00:03:42.433 --> 00:03:44.569
  • It's really good, but thenthe objection was raised,
  • 00:03:44.569 --> 00:03:48.106
  • people like George Hillhouse,
  • 00:03:48.106 --> 00:03:49.440
  • who was a member of thevery first Congress,
  • 00:03:49.440 --> 00:03:51.075
  • who said, you know, theproblem with that is
  • 00:03:51.075 --> 00:03:53.244
  • all of the big statescan get together.
  • 00:03:53.244 --> 00:03:55.280
  • You could haveMassachusetts and New York,
  • 00:03:55.280 --> 00:03:58.316
  • and Pennsylvania and Virginiaall get together and say
  • 00:03:58.316 --> 00:04:01.586
  • we don't care aboutyou other nine states.
  • 00:04:01.586 --> 00:04:03.721
  • We're going tochoose the president
  • 00:04:03.721 --> 00:04:05.123
  • and you guys don't have any--
  • 00:04:05.123 --> 00:04:06.457
  • And he says you couldhave a combination
  • 00:04:06.457 --> 00:04:09.360
  • of population centers
  • 00:04:09.360 --> 00:04:10.895
  • get together andshut off the voice
  • 00:04:10.895 --> 00:04:13.598
  • of the rest of the people,the rest of the nation,
  • 00:04:13.598 --> 00:04:15.900
  • and if you livedin a rural state,
  • 00:04:15.900 --> 00:04:17.635
  • you would never have a voicein choosing the president.
  • 00:04:17.635 --> 00:04:19.904
  • It would be up tothe big cities,
  • 00:04:19.904 --> 00:04:21.873
  • and so they said hmm,that's a good point.
  • 00:04:21.873 --> 00:04:25.276
  • Why don't we do something thattakes a combination of this,
  • 00:04:25.276 --> 00:04:29.113
  • which is what we now callthe electoral college.
  • 00:04:29.113 --> 00:04:32.050
  • It's unique, there's noother nation in the world
  • 00:04:32.050 --> 00:04:35.953
  • that has a system like theycame up with back then.
  • 00:04:35.953 --> 00:04:38.289
  • It's been a supersuccessful system
  • 00:04:38.289 --> 00:04:40.491
  • where it says we want toinclude the voice of the people,
  • 00:04:40.491 --> 00:04:43.594
  • which is really important,along with the voice
  • 00:04:43.594 --> 00:04:46.030
  • of the states, whichis really important,
  • 00:04:46.030 --> 00:04:48.299
  • so here's the system wecan do to create that.
  • 00:04:48.299 --> 00:04:51.269
  • - So what is theelectoral college
  • 00:04:51.269 --> 00:04:52.770
  • and how does it really work?
  • 00:04:52.770 --> 00:04:54.839
  • (soft music)
  • 00:04:54.839 --> 00:04:57.275
  • - [Woman] What is theelectoral college?
  • 00:04:58.476 --> 00:05:00.845
  • Most people have heardof the electoral college
  • 00:05:00.845 --> 00:05:03.214
  • during presidential elections,
  • 00:05:03.214 --> 00:05:05.683
  • but what is the electoralcollege and how does it work?
  • 00:05:05.683 --> 00:05:09.153
  • The balance ofpower was a big deal
  • 00:05:09.153 --> 00:05:11.022
  • to our nation's founders.
  • 00:05:11.022 --> 00:05:12.657
  • The electoral college wascreated to ensure balance
  • 00:05:12.657 --> 00:05:15.693
  • and give all 50 states a fairvoice in the election process.
  • 00:05:15.693 --> 00:05:19.497
  • A president wins theelection by electoral votes.
  • 00:05:19.497 --> 00:05:22.500
  • There are 538 electoralvotes that are divided up
  • 00:05:22.500 --> 00:05:26.137
  • between the states.
  • 00:05:26.137 --> 00:05:27.605
  • That number is based onthe total voting membership
  • 00:05:27.605 --> 00:05:29.841
  • of the United States Congress,
  • 00:05:29.841 --> 00:05:31.576
  • 435 representatives,plus 100 senators,
  • 00:05:31.576 --> 00:05:35.213
  • plus three electors from D.C.
  • 00:05:35.213 --> 00:05:37.648
  • Each state gets a certain amount
  • 00:05:37.648 --> 00:05:39.217
  • of these 538 electoral votesbased on their population.
  • 00:05:39.217 --> 00:05:43.388
  • The bigger the population,the more votes.
  • 00:05:43.388 --> 00:05:46.190
  • Texas has 38 votes,Florida gets 29.
  • 00:05:46.190 --> 00:05:49.894
  • You get the picture,but get this.
  • 00:05:49.894 --> 00:05:52.029
  • In most states, the candidatewho wins the popular vote
  • 00:05:52.029 --> 00:05:54.899
  • wins all of the state'selectoral votes.
  • 00:05:54.899 --> 00:05:57.835
  • That's right, winner takes all,
  • 00:05:57.835 --> 00:06:00.238
  • even if the voting is close.
  • 00:06:00.238 --> 00:06:02.173
  • So if a candidate winsthe most votes in Texas,
  • 00:06:02.173 --> 00:06:05.276
  • they get all 38 of theTexas electoral votes.
  • 00:06:05.276 --> 00:06:08.713
  • If they win the mostvotes in Florida,
  • 00:06:08.713 --> 00:06:10.681
  • even by just a small amount,
  • 00:06:10.681 --> 00:06:12.750
  • they get all 29 ofthose electoral votes.
  • 00:06:12.750 --> 00:06:16.421
  • That's why it'srare, but possible,
  • 00:06:16.421 --> 00:06:18.723
  • for a candidate tolose the popular vote,
  • 00:06:18.723 --> 00:06:21.025
  • but win the electoral vote.
  • 00:06:21.025 --> 00:06:22.927
  • Just ask Rutherford B.Hayes, George W. Bush,
  • 00:06:22.927 --> 00:06:26.063
  • or even Donald Trump.
  • 00:06:26.063 --> 00:06:27.598
  • At the end of the day, theelectoral votes from each state
  • 00:06:27.598 --> 00:06:30.401
  • are tallied to determinethe ultimate winner.
  • 00:06:30.401 --> 00:06:32.970
  • The candidate with a majorityvote in the electoral college
  • 00:06:32.970 --> 00:06:36.073
  • gets elected.
  • 00:06:36.073 --> 00:06:37.275
  • - Seeing how theelectoral college works,
  • 00:06:38.342 --> 00:06:39.777
  • it actually gives youa greater appreciation
  • 00:06:39.777 --> 00:06:42.246
  • for the brilliance involvedin forming this system.
  • 00:06:42.246 --> 00:06:45.183
  • This was not easy forthem to put together,
  • 00:06:45.183 --> 00:06:47.452
  • and one of the things that'seven kind of interesting too
  • 00:06:47.452 --> 00:06:49.454
  • is how did they determine
  • 00:06:49.454 --> 00:06:51.122
  • what votes were going tobe ascribed to what states,
  • 00:06:51.122 --> 00:06:54.091
  • because even though the peopleare a part of the process,
  • 00:06:54.091 --> 00:06:56.994
  • states do have a weighted vote,
  • 00:06:56.994 --> 00:06:59.197
  • so how do states get differentpercentages of votes,
  • 00:06:59.197 --> 00:07:02.300
  • and how does that really work?
  • 00:07:02.300 --> 00:07:03.534
  • - Yeah, what we callthe electoral college,
  • 00:07:03.534 --> 00:07:05.603
  • I mean, you got to understand,it's not a college.
  • 00:07:05.603 --> 00:07:07.905
  • It's not that at all.
  • 00:07:07.905 --> 00:07:09.440
  • What you do is you have apopular vote in the state
  • 00:07:09.440 --> 00:07:13.077
  • and the voters in the statesay here's who we want,
  • 00:07:13.077 --> 00:07:16.347
  • and you have electorsout of that state
  • 00:07:16.347 --> 00:07:18.816
  • that will assemble in what'scalled the electoral college,
  • 00:07:18.816 --> 00:07:21.586
  • and cast a vote for that state
  • 00:07:21.586 --> 00:07:24.055
  • for the candidatechosen by the state.
  • 00:07:24.055 --> 00:07:26.257
  • So how many votes are there?
  • 00:07:26.257 --> 00:07:27.892
  • Well, what they didwas they said okay,
  • 00:07:27.892 --> 00:07:30.261
  • for every U.S. senatoryou have, you get a vote,
  • 00:07:30.261 --> 00:07:33.898
  • and for everycongressman you have,
  • 00:07:33.898 --> 00:07:35.800
  • you get an electoral vote.
  • 00:07:35.800 --> 00:07:37.268
  • - Now, every senator istwo for every state, right?
  • 00:07:37.268 --> 00:07:40.304
  • So every stateautomatically has two votes
  • 00:07:40.304 --> 00:07:42.607
  • for their senators,and then to say
  • 00:07:42.607 --> 00:07:44.642
  • you're going to get onevote for every congressman,
  • 00:07:44.642 --> 00:07:46.744
  • well, congressmen isbased on population
  • 00:07:46.744 --> 00:07:49.013
  • on representation, sonow it does seem like
  • 00:07:49.013 --> 00:07:52.149
  • if you are a bigger state
  • 00:07:52.149 --> 00:07:53.351
  • and you have abigger population,
  • 00:07:53.351 --> 00:07:54.952
  • well then that's goingto be really important
  • 00:07:54.952 --> 00:07:56.387
  • for you having a bigger vote,
  • 00:07:56.387 --> 00:07:57.788
  • which certainly is the case,
  • 00:07:57.788 --> 00:07:59.724
  • but now we are still givingweight, in some regards,
  • 00:07:59.724 --> 00:08:03.261
  • to every state saying thatevery state's going to
  • 00:08:03.261 --> 00:08:05.563
  • already have at leasttwo for the Senate,
  • 00:08:05.563 --> 00:08:08.099
  • and then every state hasat least one congressman,
  • 00:08:08.099 --> 00:08:11.469
  • even though some states
  • 00:08:11.469 --> 00:08:12.670
  • have a much smallerpopulation than others.
  • 00:08:12.670 --> 00:08:14.372
  • - And some have alarger population,
  • 00:08:14.372 --> 00:08:16.240
  • and that's really oneof the cool things.
  • 00:08:16.240 --> 00:08:18.309
  • When they wrotethe constitution,
  • 00:08:18.309 --> 00:08:19.677
  • they came up witha bicameral system.
  • 00:08:19.677 --> 00:08:21.779
  • When you have a legislature atthe national level assembled,
  • 00:08:21.779 --> 00:08:25.383
  • you have a small statelike Rhode Island
  • 00:08:25.383 --> 00:08:27.818
  • with a small population,and so you have
  • 00:08:27.818 --> 00:08:30.321
  • a state like Virginiahas a big population.
  • 00:08:30.321 --> 00:08:33.257
  • Every vote in Congress,Virginia's going to get its way,
  • 00:08:33.257 --> 00:08:37.094
  • and Rhode Islandnever get a voice,
  • 00:08:37.094 --> 00:08:38.563
  • so they said let'screate two bodies.
  • 00:08:38.563 --> 00:08:40.398
  • We'll have a House and a Senate,
  • 00:08:40.398 --> 00:08:41.966
  • and in the House, that'll beall about your population.
  • 00:08:41.966 --> 00:08:44.802
  • So today, if you're California,the most populous state,
  • 00:08:44.802 --> 00:08:48.239
  • you have 54 votes in theHouse of Representatives.
  • 00:08:48.239 --> 00:08:51.375
  • If you happen to bethe state of Montana,
  • 00:08:51.375 --> 00:08:54.378
  • you have one vote in theHouse of Representatives,
  • 00:08:54.378 --> 00:08:56.881
  • so if Montana wantsto take on California,
  • 00:08:56.881 --> 00:08:58.950
  • they're going tolose every time.
  • 00:08:58.950 --> 00:09:00.685
  • But we also have a U.S.Senate, and in the Senate,
  • 00:09:00.685 --> 00:09:03.754
  • every state has equal votes.
  • 00:09:03.754 --> 00:09:06.157
  • Every state gets two senators,
  • 00:09:06.157 --> 00:09:08.359
  • so you have Montanawith two senators,
  • 00:09:08.359 --> 00:09:10.895
  • and you have Californiawith two senators.
  • 00:09:10.895 --> 00:09:13.397
  • They're equal in theSenate, and so what you have
  • 00:09:13.397 --> 00:09:16.200
  • is a bicameral system, wherethe people have a voice,
  • 00:09:16.200 --> 00:09:18.636
  • but the statesalso have a voice.
  • 00:09:18.636 --> 00:09:21.038
  • If it was just thepeople having a voice,
  • 00:09:21.038 --> 00:09:23.140
  • all the rural areas wouldget no representation,
  • 00:09:23.140 --> 00:09:26.310
  • and if it was just thestates having the voice,
  • 00:09:26.310 --> 00:09:28.412
  • then population wouldn't matter,
  • 00:09:28.412 --> 00:09:29.880
  • so they brought that togetherin the electoral college
  • 00:09:29.880 --> 00:09:32.783
  • and said okay, sofor every senator
  • 00:09:32.783 --> 00:09:36.020
  • you get an electoral vote,
  • 00:09:36.020 --> 00:09:37.521
  • and for every representativeyou get an electoral vote,
  • 00:09:37.521 --> 00:09:39.957
  • so for a state like California,
  • 00:09:39.957 --> 00:09:42.927
  • what you've got is54 representativesand two senators,
  • 00:09:42.927 --> 00:09:47.064
  • so they have 56 electoral votes.
  • 00:09:47.064 --> 00:09:50.668
  • For a state like Montana,they have two senators
  • 00:09:50.668 --> 00:09:53.671
  • and one representative, so theyhave three electoral votes.
  • 00:09:53.671 --> 00:09:57.508
  • So as you go around all thestates in the United States,
  • 00:09:57.508 --> 00:10:00.911
  • what you have is 435congressmen in the House,
  • 00:10:00.911 --> 00:10:04.849
  • so that's 435 electoral votes.
  • 00:10:04.849 --> 00:10:07.852
  • You have 100 senatorsin the Senate.
  • 00:10:07.852 --> 00:10:10.588
  • That's another 100electoral votes.
  • 00:10:10.588 --> 00:10:12.923
  • That puts as at 535electoral votes.
  • 00:10:12.923 --> 00:10:15.960
  • But we also haveWashington, D.C.
  • 00:10:15.960 --> 00:10:18.696
  • They're not astate, but in 1961,
  • 00:10:18.696 --> 00:10:21.632
  • we added the 23rd Amendmentthat said but you know what?
  • 00:10:21.632 --> 00:10:24.735
  • Washington, D.C. gets tohave as many electoral votes
  • 00:10:24.735 --> 00:10:28.572
  • as a smaller state,so Washington, D.C.
  • 00:10:28.572 --> 00:10:31.108
  • has three electoral votes.
  • 00:10:31.108 --> 00:10:32.343
  • That now makes 538electoral votes.
  • 00:10:32.343 --> 00:10:36.047
  • So to become the Presidentof the United States,
  • 00:10:36.047 --> 00:10:37.948
  • you have to win halfof the electoral votes,
  • 00:10:37.948 --> 00:10:40.484
  • not all the popularvote, not all the states.
  • 00:10:40.484 --> 00:10:43.320
  • It's a combinationof both of them,
  • 00:10:43.320 --> 00:10:45.356
  • and so you have to have270 electoral votes to win,
  • 00:10:45.356 --> 00:10:49.794
  • which means you got towin a bunch of states,
  • 00:10:49.794 --> 00:10:51.562
  • and you got to win abunch of the people.
  • 00:10:51.562 --> 00:10:53.397
  • It's a brilliant systemthey came up with.
  • 00:10:53.397 --> 00:10:55.132
  • - It really is a greatcombination of saying
  • 00:10:55.132 --> 00:10:57.001
  • we're going to givepower to the states,
  • 00:10:57.001 --> 00:10:58.602
  • but also we're going togive power to the people
  • 00:10:58.602 --> 00:11:00.805
  • in those states andthis is something that
  • 00:11:00.805 --> 00:11:02.773
  • today there's alot of discussion
  • 00:11:02.773 --> 00:11:04.308
  • about is this stillthe best way to do it,
  • 00:11:04.308 --> 00:11:06.410
  • or is there abetter way to do it?
  • 00:11:06.410 --> 00:11:08.245
  • And the foundingfathers had many
  • 00:11:08.245 --> 00:11:09.413
  • of those discussionsand debates.
  • 00:11:09.413 --> 00:11:10.648
  • We just need todig a little deeper
  • 00:11:10.648 --> 00:11:11.949
  • and find out what they said.
  • 00:11:11.949 --> 00:11:13.684
  • (soft music)
  • 00:11:13.684 --> 00:11:16.554
  • - [Man] When it comesto choosing a president,
  • 00:11:16.554 --> 00:11:18.189
  • why do we use the electoral vote
  • 00:11:18.189 --> 00:11:19.890
  • instead of the popular voteto determine the winner?
  • 00:11:19.890 --> 00:11:22.560
  • Wouldn't the popularvote make more sense?
  • 00:11:22.560 --> 00:11:24.995
  • Consider this, thereare 35.000 cities
  • 00:11:24.995 --> 00:11:27.732
  • and towns in America.
  • 00:11:27.732 --> 00:11:29.133
  • 20 of those cities havea greater population
  • 00:11:29.133 --> 00:11:31.469
  • than the other 34.980 combined.
  • 00:11:31.469 --> 00:11:35.439
  • The electoral votegives each state a voice
  • 00:11:35.439 --> 00:11:37.808
  • in order to representthe great diversity
  • 00:11:37.808 --> 00:11:39.844
  • that exists across America.
  • 00:11:39.844 --> 00:11:41.712
  • It allows all the uniquevoices to be heard,
  • 00:11:41.712 --> 00:11:44.248
  • rural and urban, industrialand agricultural,
  • 00:11:44.248 --> 00:11:47.218
  • blue collar and white collar,
  • 00:11:47.218 --> 00:11:48.819
  • small cities and large cities,
  • 00:11:48.819 --> 00:11:50.688
  • small states and large states.
  • 00:11:50.688 --> 00:11:52.757
  • The popular vote isbased on the total amount
  • 00:11:52.757 --> 00:11:55.092
  • of individual votes acandidate gets across the U.S.
  • 00:11:55.092 --> 00:11:58.262
  • This is typicallywon by the candidate
  • 00:11:58.262 --> 00:11:59.997
  • gaining the most votes frombig cities and urban areas.
  • 00:11:59.997 --> 00:12:03.367
  • Larger populationsequal more votes.
  • 00:12:03.367 --> 00:12:05.836
  • This means thatCalifornia, Texas,
  • 00:12:05.836 --> 00:12:08.105
  • Florida, New York, Pennsylvania,
  • 00:12:08.105 --> 00:12:10.307
  • Illinois, and Ohiodominate the popular vote
  • 00:12:10.307 --> 00:12:13.344
  • by the millions.
  • 00:12:13.344 --> 00:12:14.779
  • For a candidate,the popular vote
  • 00:12:14.779 --> 00:12:16.380
  • is a little like tryingto get the popular kid's
  • 00:12:16.380 --> 00:12:18.415
  • attention at school.
  • 00:12:18.415 --> 00:12:19.650
  • If you're working toget noticed and accepted
  • 00:12:19.650 --> 00:12:21.585
  • by the popular kids,how likely are you
  • 00:12:21.585 --> 00:12:23.687
  • to pay attention to the needs
  • 00:12:23.687 --> 00:12:24.989
  • of the less known or popular?
  • 00:12:24.989 --> 00:12:26.724
  • Not very.
  • 00:12:26.724 --> 00:12:28.225
  • The electoral vote gives everystate a chance to be heard.
  • 00:12:28.225 --> 00:12:31.362
  • For example, if acandidate loses the vote
  • 00:12:31.362 --> 00:12:33.798
  • of one of the more populatedstates like California,
  • 00:12:33.798 --> 00:12:36.500
  • New York, or Florida, butgoes on to win the votes
  • 00:12:36.500 --> 00:12:39.069
  • of several less populated,or less popular states,
  • 00:12:39.069 --> 00:12:42.072
  • the candidate couldstill take home the win.
  • 00:12:42.072 --> 00:12:44.341
  • This means acandidate can't ignore
  • 00:12:44.341 --> 00:12:46.110
  • these less populated states,
  • 00:12:46.110 --> 00:12:47.778
  • because in a close election,
  • 00:12:47.778 --> 00:12:49.313
  • every electoral vote counts,
  • 00:12:49.313 --> 00:12:51.215
  • which means every state counts,
  • 00:12:51.215 --> 00:12:53.317
  • and that's why we usethe electoral vote.
  • 00:12:53.317 --> 00:12:56.220
  • - As we look atelecting presidents,
  • 00:12:56.220 --> 00:12:57.521
  • we see that thereis a distinction
  • 00:12:57.521 --> 00:12:58.989
  • between the nationalpopular vote
  • 00:12:58.989 --> 00:13:00.658
  • and the electoral college,
  • 00:13:00.658 --> 00:13:02.393
  • although when you look atthe combination of the two,
  • 00:13:02.393 --> 00:13:06.030
  • most presidents thatwin the presidency
  • 00:13:06.030 --> 00:13:08.732
  • actually win the majorityof the population votes
  • 00:13:08.732 --> 00:13:12.837
  • and the electoral college.
  • 00:13:12.837 --> 00:13:14.371
  • In fact, one of my favoriteexamples is George Washington,
  • 00:13:14.371 --> 00:13:16.974
  • because not only was he elected
  • 00:13:16.974 --> 00:13:19.577
  • by the majorityof the population,
  • 00:13:19.577 --> 00:13:21.679
  • he actually wasthe only president
  • 00:13:21.679 --> 00:13:23.981
  • to unanimously be electedby the electoral college,
  • 00:13:23.981 --> 00:13:27.751
  • so the majority ofevery single state said
  • 00:13:27.751 --> 00:13:30.688
  • that's the guy we want.
  • 00:13:30.688 --> 00:13:31.789
  • Nobody else has had that honor.
  • 00:13:31.789 --> 00:13:33.157
  • - Yeah, Washington unanimous,and should have been
  • 00:13:33.157 --> 00:13:35.693
  • because historians agreewithout Washington,
  • 00:13:35.693 --> 00:13:38.729
  • there is no UnitedStates of America.
  • 00:13:38.729 --> 00:13:40.664
  • That's why he's calledthe indispensable man
  • 00:13:40.664 --> 00:13:43.033
  • in modern biographies about him.
  • 00:13:43.033 --> 00:13:45.169
  • But Washington almosthad some competition
  • 00:13:45.169 --> 00:13:47.938
  • in the electoral college,because when James Monroe
  • 00:13:47.938 --> 00:13:50.207
  • was chosen president, hewas the fifth president,
  • 00:13:50.207 --> 00:13:53.043
  • he too was going tohave a unanimous vote,
  • 00:13:53.043 --> 00:13:56.180
  • and one of the electorssaid no, no, no, no.
  • 00:13:56.180 --> 00:13:58.849
  • Washington needsto be the only guy.
  • 00:13:58.849 --> 00:14:00.918
  • He needs that distinctionof being the only guy,
  • 00:14:00.918 --> 00:14:03.320
  • so one elector cast hisvote against Monroe,
  • 00:14:03.320 --> 00:14:06.190
  • knowing that it wouldn'tmake a difference,
  • 00:14:06.190 --> 00:14:07.825
  • but wanted to keepWashington there
  • 00:14:07.825 --> 00:14:09.493
  • at that elevated spot.
  • 00:14:09.493 --> 00:14:10.794
  • - And that actuallymakes me respect Monroe
  • 00:14:10.794 --> 00:14:12.496
  • a little bit morein that regard,
  • 00:14:12.496 --> 00:14:14.498
  • because certainly, if youlook at George Washington,
  • 00:14:14.498 --> 00:14:16.200
  • what Washington did, startingin his military career
  • 00:14:16.200 --> 00:14:19.503
  • back in the Frenchand Indian War,
  • 00:14:19.503 --> 00:14:20.871
  • and then as commanderof the military forces
  • 00:14:20.871 --> 00:14:22.573
  • throughout theAmerican Revolution,
  • 00:14:22.573 --> 00:14:24.074
  • he was the guy in charge ofthe constitutional invention,
  • 00:14:24.074 --> 00:14:26.844
  • where we wrote the constitution.
  • 00:14:26.844 --> 00:14:28.178
  • He is the first president.
  • 00:14:28.178 --> 00:14:29.613
  • So much of what we have inAmerica could not have happened.
  • 00:14:29.613 --> 00:14:32.383
  • America couldn't haveexisted, arguably,
  • 00:14:32.383 --> 00:14:34.818
  • without George Washington,so even though Monroe
  • 00:14:34.818 --> 00:14:36.987
  • was clearly popular enoughto win the majority of,
  • 00:14:36.987 --> 00:14:41.158
  • actually win everyelectoral vote,
  • 00:14:41.158 --> 00:14:43.227
  • but there was thatone guy who thought
  • 00:14:43.227 --> 00:14:44.929
  • you're not as specialas George Washington.
  • 00:14:44.929 --> 00:14:46.931
  • I want to know who that guy was.
  • 00:14:46.931 --> 00:14:48.832
  • I appreciate that guy.- Yeah.
  • 00:14:48.832 --> 00:14:50.334
  • - That he took that position.
  • 00:14:50.334 --> 00:14:51.835
  • There's people in closer,more modern era, also,
  • 00:14:51.835 --> 00:14:54.505
  • who did very well, becauseif you look at Ronald Reagan,
  • 00:14:54.505 --> 00:14:57.474
  • this was a little before my
  • 00:14:57.474 --> 00:14:59.009
  • cognizance in thepolitical realm,
  • 00:14:59.009 --> 00:15:01.245
  • because I was just awee child at that point,
  • 00:15:01.245 --> 00:15:03.714
  • but Ronald Reagan inthe Mondale election,
  • 00:15:03.714 --> 00:15:06.116
  • not only did he winthe popular vote,
  • 00:15:06.116 --> 00:15:07.918
  • he won 49 out of 50 states.- States.
  • 00:15:07.918 --> 00:15:12.690
  • - For the electoral college,
  • 00:15:12.690 --> 00:15:13.924
  • just a landslidefor Ronald Reagan,
  • 00:15:13.924 --> 00:15:17.094
  • so what you see isfor most presidents,
  • 00:15:17.094 --> 00:15:19.530
  • not only do theywin the majority
  • 00:15:19.530 --> 00:15:21.298
  • of the popular vote, right?
  • 00:15:21.298 --> 00:15:22.833
  • The majority of the people inAmerica vote for that person.
  • 00:15:22.833 --> 00:15:25.269
  • They also win theelectoral college,
  • 00:15:25.269 --> 00:15:27.705
  • but you do see afew rare occasions
  • 00:15:27.705 --> 00:15:30.908
  • where someone didn't win themajority of the popular vote,
  • 00:15:30.908 --> 00:15:34.178
  • but they won themajority of the states,
  • 00:15:34.178 --> 00:15:36.647
  • so they won theelectoral college,
  • 00:15:36.647 --> 00:15:38.415
  • because maybe, for example,
  • 00:15:38.415 --> 00:15:39.616
  • they didn't winCalifornia and New York,
  • 00:15:39.616 --> 00:15:41.819
  • but they won almosteverything else.
  • 00:15:41.819 --> 00:15:43.287
  • Well, California and NewYork have a pretty big
  • 00:15:43.287 --> 00:15:45.856
  • population hub, so it's possible
  • 00:15:45.856 --> 00:15:48.726
  • that you lost a couple of states
  • 00:15:48.726 --> 00:15:50.327
  • where the majority of thepopulation of America is,
  • 00:15:50.327 --> 00:15:52.229
  • or at least themajority of voters,
  • 00:15:52.229 --> 00:15:53.998
  • and you still won the election,
  • 00:15:53.998 --> 00:15:55.532
  • so historically back up.
  • 00:15:55.532 --> 00:15:56.767
  • Before there wereeven 50 states,
  • 00:15:56.767 --> 00:15:58.802
  • the sixth presidentof the United States,
  • 00:15:58.802 --> 00:16:00.170
  • John Quincy Adams,that happened for him.
  • 00:16:00.170 --> 00:16:02.706
  • - Yeah, John Quincy Adams wasreally a very popular guy.
  • 00:16:02.706 --> 00:16:05.943
  • I mean, he was a guy thatgoes all the way back
  • 00:16:05.943 --> 00:16:07.778
  • to the American warfor independence,
  • 00:16:07.778 --> 00:16:09.480
  • and he got his start very young.
  • 00:16:09.480 --> 00:16:11.215
  • At eight years oldhe's got his musket
  • 00:16:11.215 --> 00:16:12.816
  • with the MassachusettsMinute Men.
  • 00:16:12.816 --> 00:16:14.618
  • At 10 years old, he'sactually the secretary
  • 00:16:14.618 --> 00:16:16.854
  • to the ambassadorto France, Congress.
  • 00:16:16.854 --> 00:16:19.356
  • - Who happened to be his father.
  • 00:16:19.356 --> 00:16:20.924
  • Let's clarify.- Yeah, his dad, John.
  • 00:16:20.924 --> 00:16:22.159
  • That's right.- Congress is like
  • 00:16:22.159 --> 00:16:23.660
  • yeah, you can go with yourdad, keep notes for him.
  • 00:16:23.660 --> 00:16:24.928
  • It's fine.
  • 00:16:24.928 --> 00:16:26.430
  • That still was impressiveto have a 10 year old
  • 00:16:26.430 --> 00:16:28.499
  • in the room with worldleaders and diplomats,
  • 00:16:28.499 --> 00:16:31.235
  • so not to look downon that too much,
  • 00:16:31.235 --> 00:16:33.404
  • but he did go with his fatherwhen he was 10, I think 11.
  • 00:16:33.404 --> 00:16:36.106
  • When he was 14, he hadanother appointment.
  • 00:16:36.106 --> 00:16:37.941
  • - Yeah, at 14, Congresssent him to the court
  • 00:16:37.941 --> 00:16:41.011
  • of Catherine theGreat in Russia.
  • 00:16:41.011 --> 00:16:42.279
  • He became theofficial translator,
  • 00:16:42.279 --> 00:16:43.714
  • so he's 14 years old,
  • 00:16:43.714 --> 00:16:45.449
  • and he spoke sixlanguages at the time.
  • 00:16:45.449 --> 00:16:47.885
  • He becomes actuallythe guy who helps
  • 00:16:47.885 --> 00:16:50.054
  • arrange the peace treaty atthe end of the revolution.
  • 00:16:50.054 --> 00:16:52.056
  • Congress sent him there,
  • 00:16:52.056 --> 00:16:53.524
  • so he has an early startin the American Revolution.
  • 00:16:53.524 --> 00:16:56.960
  • He becomes a diplomatunder George Washington.
  • 00:16:56.960 --> 00:16:59.530
  • Washington said he's the bestforeign diplomat we have,
  • 00:16:59.530 --> 00:17:02.332
  • hands down.
  • 00:17:02.332 --> 00:17:03.801
  • He is a diplomat under hisfather, President John Adams.
  • 00:17:03.801 --> 00:17:06.470
  • He was a U.S. senator underPresident Thomas Jefferson.
  • 00:17:06.470 --> 00:17:09.773
  • Under the fourthpresident, James Madison,
  • 00:17:09.773 --> 00:17:12.009
  • he goes back tobeing a diplomat,
  • 00:17:12.009 --> 00:17:13.811
  • actually negotiated theend of the War of 1812.
  • 00:17:13.811 --> 00:17:16.747
  • Under the fifthpresident, James Monroe,
  • 00:17:16.747 --> 00:17:18.582
  • he's Secretary of State, andthen he's now really popular,
  • 00:17:18.582 --> 00:17:22.352
  • well known, he'srunning for president,
  • 00:17:22.352 --> 00:17:24.688
  • to be the sixth presidentof the United States,
  • 00:17:24.688 --> 00:17:26.857
  • and so his name is outthere, really well known,
  • 00:17:26.857 --> 00:17:29.159
  • but there's a lot of peoplerunning for president.
  • 00:17:29.159 --> 00:17:31.161
  • He's not the only guy.
  • 00:17:31.161 --> 00:17:32.629
  • And so as the results come in,
  • 00:17:32.629 --> 00:17:34.565
  • nobody has a clearmajority of all the votes,
  • 00:17:34.565 --> 00:17:37.568
  • having a majority ofthe popular votes,
  • 00:17:37.568 --> 00:17:39.503
  • or having a majorityof the electoral votes,
  • 00:17:39.503 --> 00:17:42.239
  • and so what do youdo in the situation?
  • 00:17:42.239 --> 00:17:44.641
  • Well, wisely thefounding fathers said
  • 00:17:44.641 --> 00:17:46.443
  • if we ever have a situation
  • 00:17:46.443 --> 00:17:48.412
  • where nobody getsa clear majority
  • 00:17:48.412 --> 00:17:51.281
  • of the electoral college votes,
  • 00:17:51.281 --> 00:17:53.283
  • then the House ofRepresentatives
  • 00:17:53.283 --> 00:17:54.818
  • gets to choose the president.
  • 00:17:54.818 --> 00:17:56.286
  • So his election was thrown intothe House of Representatives
  • 00:17:56.286 --> 00:17:59.323
  • and a lot of negotiationgoing back and forth,
  • 00:17:59.323 --> 00:18:01.692
  • and eventually, the Houseof Representatives says
  • 00:18:01.692 --> 00:18:04.294
  • John Quincy Adams isour sixth president.
  • 00:18:04.294 --> 00:18:06.630
  • - Well, and there's alsolots of other situations
  • 00:18:06.630 --> 00:18:08.398
  • in American history,and actually lots may be
  • 00:18:08.398 --> 00:18:10.334
  • a little excessive, butthere were other presidents
  • 00:18:10.334 --> 00:18:12.769
  • who also did notwin the majority
  • 00:18:12.769 --> 00:18:15.572
  • of the popular vote, but theywon the majority of the states
  • 00:18:15.572 --> 00:18:18.242
  • with the electoral college.
  • 00:18:18.242 --> 00:18:19.877
  • You had Rutherford B. Hayes,you had Benjamin Harrison,
  • 00:18:19.877 --> 00:18:22.613
  • you had George W. Bush,and recently, Donald Trump,
  • 00:18:22.613 --> 00:18:26.316
  • and this is where therenow was some controversy
  • 00:18:26.316 --> 00:18:28.819
  • with people again saying wedon't like the electoral college
  • 00:18:28.819 --> 00:18:31.722
  • because the popularvote should win.
  • 00:18:31.722 --> 00:18:33.624
  • The people that championthe popular vote
  • 00:18:33.624 --> 00:18:35.893
  • don't really understand theelectoral college process,
  • 00:18:35.893 --> 00:18:38.428
  • why it was put in place,and how it actually protects
  • 00:18:38.428 --> 00:18:41.298
  • the majority of the states
  • 00:18:41.298 --> 00:18:43.167
  • from the really large cities
  • 00:18:43.167 --> 00:18:45.802
  • in just a very few states,
  • 00:18:45.802 --> 00:18:47.538
  • and there's amovement today to say
  • 00:18:47.538 --> 00:18:49.072
  • that we really need toabolish the electoral college.
  • 00:18:49.072 --> 00:18:51.975
  • Let's move only to thenational popular vote.
  • 00:18:51.975 --> 00:18:55.445
  • As we identified, that'sa pretty scary thought,
  • 00:18:55.445 --> 00:18:58.315
  • that 20 cities wouldbe able to control
  • 00:18:58.315 --> 00:19:01.218
  • the entire nation, and saywell, based on these 20 cities
  • 00:19:01.218 --> 00:19:05.689
  • this is who your president is.
  • 00:19:05.689 --> 00:19:06.990
  • That reallydisenfranchises millions
  • 00:19:06.990 --> 00:19:10.227
  • upon millions uponmillions of Americans,
  • 00:19:10.227 --> 00:19:12.996
  • and really devaluesthe whole process
  • 00:19:12.996 --> 00:19:16.200
  • because it doesn't allowthe majority of the people
  • 00:19:16.200 --> 00:19:18.635
  • to be involved in the process.
  • 00:19:18.635 --> 00:19:19.903
  • - And even if youchoose something like
  • 00:19:19.903 --> 00:19:21.605
  • Donald Trump's election,which was very controversial
  • 00:19:21.605 --> 00:19:23.941
  • because he did notwin the popular vote,
  • 00:19:23.941 --> 00:19:25.776
  • but he won theelectoral college,
  • 00:19:25.776 --> 00:19:27.611
  • when you look atit, the various ways
  • 00:19:27.611 --> 00:19:30.247
  • of weighing the vote, DonaldTrump won 30 of the 50 states.
  • 00:19:30.247 --> 00:19:34.451
  • If you vote by state, then hewins a clear majority there.
  • 00:19:34.451 --> 00:19:37.621
  • If you vote bynational popular vote,
  • 00:19:37.621 --> 00:19:39.556
  • where you disregardall state lines
  • 00:19:39.556 --> 00:19:41.625
  • and you just take in allof the national vote,
  • 00:19:41.625 --> 00:19:43.493
  • he lost by a fewpercentage points there.
  • 00:19:43.493 --> 00:19:45.829
  • He certainly hadless, and so again,
  • 00:19:45.829 --> 00:19:48.999
  • the electoral college systemwas to combine the states
  • 00:19:48.999 --> 00:19:52.135
  • with the popular vote,and sometimes you can,
  • 00:19:52.135 --> 00:19:55.138
  • as you mentioned,have five presidents
  • 00:19:55.138 --> 00:19:56.873
  • out of all the ones we've had
  • 00:19:56.873 --> 00:19:58.242
  • that didn't winthe popular vote,
  • 00:19:58.242 --> 00:20:00.077
  • but they did win the state vote
  • 00:20:00.077 --> 00:20:01.478
  • by a large enough marginto become president.
  • 00:20:01.478 --> 00:20:03.880
  • So when you look at maybegetting rid of that system
  • 00:20:03.880 --> 00:20:06.783
  • and going solely to thepopular vote, as you said,
  • 00:20:06.783 --> 00:20:09.553
  • cities would dominatethat, but also
  • 00:20:09.553 --> 00:20:12.256
  • the current proposalis we're going to say,
  • 00:20:12.256 --> 00:20:15.559
  • our state, that ourelectoral votes,
  • 00:20:15.559 --> 00:20:17.594
  • however many we have,if it were Texas
  • 00:20:17.594 --> 00:20:19.930
  • it would be some 36 votes,
  • 00:20:19.930 --> 00:20:22.933
  • we're going to say whoeverwins the national popular vote
  • 00:20:22.933 --> 00:20:25.936
  • we're giving all of ourelectoral votes to them.
  • 00:20:25.936 --> 00:20:28.605
  • Well that becomesa problem because
  • 00:20:28.605 --> 00:20:30.307
  • if you take astate like Wyoming,
  • 00:20:30.307 --> 00:20:32.743
  • which is a very Republicanstate, about 70% Republican,
  • 00:20:32.743 --> 00:20:36.313
  • or if you take Washington, D.C.,
  • 00:20:36.313 --> 00:20:38.215
  • which is over 90% Democrat,
  • 00:20:38.215 --> 00:20:40.584
  • let's say thatWashington D.C. votes
  • 00:20:40.584 --> 00:20:43.620
  • for the Democratcandidate, but let's say
  • 00:20:43.620 --> 00:20:45.922
  • the Republican candidatewins the entire popular vote.
  • 00:20:45.922 --> 00:20:49.593
  • Can you imaginewhat happens in D.C.
  • 00:20:49.593 --> 00:20:51.428
  • when they learn thatall the votes they cast
  • 00:20:51.428 --> 00:20:53.397
  • are going to the Republican,
  • 00:20:53.397 --> 00:20:54.631
  • or if you're Wyomingand you voted strongly
  • 00:20:54.631 --> 00:20:57.434
  • for a Republican candidate,
  • 00:20:57.434 --> 00:20:58.802
  • and the Democrat wonthe popular vote,
  • 00:20:58.802 --> 00:21:01.271
  • and now Wyoming issaying wait a minute.
  • 00:21:01.271 --> 00:21:03.173
  • We voted for theRepublican candidate.
  • 00:21:03.173 --> 00:21:04.608
  • Now our electoralvotes are going
  • 00:21:04.608 --> 00:21:06.176
  • to the Democrat candidate?
  • 00:21:06.176 --> 00:21:07.477
  • So I don't thinkthey've thought through
  • 00:21:07.477 --> 00:21:09.613
  • what the backlash willbe when people figure out
  • 00:21:09.613 --> 00:21:12.215
  • that my vote really doesn'tcount for who I cast it.
  • 00:21:12.215 --> 00:21:15.419
  • We're giving ourstate votes away,
  • 00:21:15.419 --> 00:21:17.120
  • and so again, the electoralcollege system is so brilliant
  • 00:21:17.120 --> 00:21:20.123
  • and anticipated so many things,
  • 00:21:20.123 --> 00:21:22.793
  • so wise the way theydid that 200 years ago.
  • 00:21:22.793 --> 00:21:24.695
  • - Yeah, most peoplethink of how will this
  • 00:21:24.695 --> 00:21:26.229
  • benefit me right nowin the short term,
  • 00:21:26.229 --> 00:21:28.799
  • and they don't really thinkwhat are the consequences
  • 00:21:28.799 --> 00:21:30.701
  • in the future, andthe founding fathers
  • 00:21:30.701 --> 00:21:32.135
  • tried to think wayinto the future.
  • 00:21:32.135 --> 00:21:33.870
  • What is this going to look like?
  • 00:21:33.870 --> 00:21:35.472
  • How can we make sure thateverybody has a voice?
  • 00:21:35.472 --> 00:21:37.808
  • Because even right now,if you take the states
  • 00:21:37.808 --> 00:21:40.110
  • of California, and NewYork, and Illinois,
  • 00:21:40.110 --> 00:21:42.446
  • just the populationsof those states,
  • 00:21:42.446 --> 00:21:44.881
  • they actually haveenough population,
  • 00:21:44.881 --> 00:21:46.550
  • when you look atpresidential voting,
  • 00:21:46.550 --> 00:21:48.618
  • they have enough population
  • 00:21:48.618 --> 00:21:49.953
  • that they could prettymuch choose a president
  • 00:21:49.953 --> 00:21:51.922
  • almost by themselves if theyvoted in unison together.
  • 00:21:51.922 --> 00:21:55.425
  • Well, that would be scaryfor the rest of the nation
  • 00:21:55.425 --> 00:21:57.894
  • to think wait asecond, three states
  • 00:21:57.894 --> 00:21:59.663
  • are going to control 47 states?
  • 00:21:59.663 --> 00:22:02.099
  • The founding fathers wisely said
  • 00:22:02.099 --> 00:22:03.800
  • let's have a systemthat the people
  • 00:22:03.800 --> 00:22:06.169
  • have a very strong voice,but we want to make sure that
  • 00:22:06.169 --> 00:22:09.639
  • all the people in everystate have a strong voice.
  • 00:22:09.639 --> 00:22:12.242
  • So let's make sure that weinclude all of the states
  • 00:22:12.242 --> 00:22:14.778
  • so it can't just be thepeople from a few cities.
  • 00:22:14.778 --> 00:22:16.980
  • You have to have themajority of the cities
  • 00:22:16.980 --> 00:22:19.383
  • in the majority of the states.
  • 00:22:19.383 --> 00:22:20.584
  • It really is a brilliant system,
  • 00:22:20.584 --> 00:22:23.086
  • and one of the old adages is
  • 00:22:23.086 --> 00:22:25.555
  • before you tear down a fence,
  • 00:22:25.555 --> 00:22:27.858
  • you need to know why the fencewas there in the first place.
  • 00:22:27.858 --> 00:22:30.293
  • Don't tear it down, now theneighbor's cows get out,
  • 00:22:30.293 --> 00:22:32.396
  • or whatever the case is.
  • 00:22:32.396 --> 00:22:33.663
  • We need to know whysomething was there
  • 00:22:33.663 --> 00:22:35.499
  • before we tear it down, andbefore there is a movement
  • 00:22:35.499 --> 00:22:38.034
  • to remove the electoral college,
  • 00:22:38.034 --> 00:22:40.003
  • we probably need to doa little more research
  • 00:22:40.003 --> 00:22:41.805
  • and learn why was this there,
  • 00:22:41.805 --> 00:22:44.040
  • and why does itactually benefit us
  • 00:22:44.040 --> 00:22:46.643
  • when we choose a president?
  • 00:22:46.643 --> 00:22:48.111
  • It actually is avery good system.
  • 00:22:48.111 --> 00:22:50.514
  • - [Woman] The civil arenacan be an intimidating place,
  • 00:22:50.514 --> 00:22:53.083
  • but the more informed you are,
  • 00:22:53.083 --> 00:22:54.518
  • the more empowered youwill be to get involved.
  • 00:22:54.518 --> 00:22:56.887
  • Voting is not just a right,it's a responsibility.
  • 00:22:56.887 --> 00:22:59.923
  • As Christians, we arecalled to steward the nation
  • 00:22:59.923 --> 00:23:02.592
  • God has placed usin, but stewardship
  • 00:23:02.592 --> 00:23:04.861
  • starts long beforeyou head to the polls.
  • 00:23:04.861 --> 00:23:07.197
  • First, remember this.
  • 00:23:07.197 --> 00:23:08.732
  • Choose principles over party.
  • 00:23:08.732 --> 00:23:11.101
  • Look at what the Bibesays about education,
  • 00:23:11.101 --> 00:23:13.637
  • life, economics,marriage, family,
  • 00:23:13.637 --> 00:23:16.406
  • immigration, religious liberty,
  • 00:23:16.406 --> 00:23:18.475
  • and then choose theparty and the candidates
  • 00:23:18.475 --> 00:23:20.477
  • that best mirror those values.
  • 00:23:20.477 --> 00:23:22.479
  • Principles over party.
  • 00:23:22.479 --> 00:23:24.247
  • Second, it's importantto support the good,
  • 00:23:24.247 --> 00:23:26.716
  • quality candidatesrunning for public office.
  • 00:23:26.716 --> 00:23:29.252
  • Although the candidate whostands for Godly values
  • 00:23:29.252 --> 00:23:31.688
  • may often be bullied, belittled,
  • 00:23:31.688 --> 00:23:33.623
  • attacked, or ignoredby the media,
  • 00:23:33.623 --> 00:23:35.692
  • this is not aninsurmountable problem.
  • 00:23:35.692 --> 00:23:37.761
  • A candidate canovercome the media
  • 00:23:37.761 --> 00:23:39.496
  • with a strong, grassrootsteam lifting him up,
  • 00:23:39.496 --> 00:23:42.299
  • so when you find a goodcandidate, get involved.
  • 00:23:42.299 --> 00:23:44.868
  • Offer whatever financialsupport you can.
  • 00:23:44.868 --> 00:23:47.204
  • Volunteer some of your time,
  • 00:23:47.204 --> 00:23:48.772
  • even if it's onlyan hour or two.
  • 00:23:48.772 --> 00:23:50.640
  • Voice and show your supportfor those candidates
  • 00:23:50.640 --> 00:23:53.043
  • in the community.
  • 00:23:53.043 --> 00:23:54.277
  • Vote at all primariesand main elections.
  • 00:23:54.277 --> 00:23:56.713
  • Call or write his or her office
  • 00:23:56.713 --> 00:23:58.515
  • to let them know that yousupport what they're doing.
  • 00:23:58.515 --> 00:24:00.951
  • Unfortunately,too few Christians
  • 00:24:00.951 --> 00:24:03.119
  • communicate directly with thoseelected to represent them.
  • 00:24:03.119 --> 00:24:06.256
  • Politicians are constantlymaking decisions
  • 00:24:06.256 --> 00:24:08.525
  • that will affect yourcity, state, and country,
  • 00:24:08.525 --> 00:24:11.294
  • and a well writtenletter or email
  • 00:24:11.294 --> 00:24:13.129
  • can have more impactthan you can imagine.
  • 00:24:13.129 --> 00:24:15.499
  • Third, once you have becomeactive as an individual,
  • 00:24:15.499 --> 00:24:18.301
  • it may be time tolead community change.
  • 00:24:18.301 --> 00:24:20.904
  • Yes, you.
  • 00:24:20.904 --> 00:24:22.172
  • Gather others whobelieve as you do,
  • 00:24:22.172 --> 00:24:23.940
  • and start a local groupin your community.
  • 00:24:23.940 --> 00:24:26.243
  • Effective changemost often comes
  • 00:24:26.243 --> 00:24:28.311
  • through well organizedand well led groups
  • 00:24:28.311 --> 00:24:30.814
  • that represent a bodyof the electorate.
  • 00:24:30.814 --> 00:24:32.849
  • Finally, pray.
  • 00:24:32.849 --> 00:24:34.150
  • Become active inpraying for leaders
  • 00:24:34.150 --> 00:24:35.986
  • and officials at all levels.
  • 00:24:35.986 --> 00:24:37.454
  • As instructed in 1 Timothy2, Verses 1 through 4,
  • 00:24:37.454 --> 00:24:40.957
  • pray for electedofficials, issues,
  • 00:24:40.957 --> 00:24:43.093
  • court cases, andpotential candidates.
  • 00:24:43.093 --> 00:24:45.295
  • There is power in prayer.
  • 00:24:45.295 --> 00:24:46.930
  • As a founding father, JohnHancock, wisely challenged
  • 00:24:46.930 --> 00:24:49.966
  • Christian citizens in his day,
  • 00:24:49.966 --> 00:24:51.735
  • "I urge you, byall that is dear,
  • 00:24:51.735 --> 00:24:53.904
  • "by all that is honorable,
  • 00:24:53.904 --> 00:24:55.372
  • "by all that is sacred,
  • 00:24:55.372 --> 00:24:56.773
  • "not only that yepray, but that ye act."
  • 00:24:56.773 --> 00:24:59.776
  • Do all four ofthese action steps,
  • 00:24:59.776 --> 00:25:01.511
  • and you can shape the future
  • 00:25:01.511 --> 00:25:03.013
  • of your city, state, and nation.
  • 00:25:03.013 --> 00:25:05.148
  • It's time to put yourinfluence to work
  • 00:25:05.148 --> 00:25:07.384
  • through electionseason and beyond.
  • 00:25:07.384 --> 00:25:09.619
  • - A big election is approaching,
  • 00:25:10.620 --> 00:25:11.888
  • and some major decisionsare about to be made.
  • 00:25:11.888 --> 00:25:14.357
  • Voting is one ofour most important
  • 00:25:14.357 --> 00:25:15.825
  • rights and responsibilitiesas U.S. citizens,
  • 00:25:15.825 --> 00:25:18.361
  • and this next electionwill ultimately determine
  • 00:25:18.361 --> 00:25:20.597
  • who makes the callson all the issues
  • 00:25:20.597 --> 00:25:22.132
  • that you and I carethe most about.
  • 00:25:22.132 --> 00:25:23.867
  • In this upcomingelection, your voice
  • 00:25:23.867 --> 00:25:25.735
  • and your vote counts.
  • 00:25:25.735 --> 00:25:27.203
  • - The president who takesoffice will have the opportunity
  • 00:25:27.203 --> 00:25:29.773
  • to make some majordecisions this term
  • 00:25:29.773 --> 00:25:32.409
  • that will impactgenerations to come.
  • 00:25:32.409 --> 00:25:34.778
  • The one third of the Senate
  • 00:25:34.778 --> 00:25:35.946
  • we vote into officethis election
  • 00:25:35.946 --> 00:25:38.081
  • will determine just how farthat next president can go
  • 00:25:38.081 --> 00:25:40.884
  • in making those decisions,
  • 00:25:40.884 --> 00:25:42.519
  • and all of the Houseof Representative seats
  • 00:25:42.519 --> 00:25:44.187
  • will be up for grabs,so this is the year
  • 00:25:44.187 --> 00:25:46.489
  • to show up and vote your values.
  • 00:25:46.489 --> 00:25:49.059
  • - We have a chanceto shape history
  • 00:25:49.059 --> 00:25:51.227
  • one vote at a time.
  • 00:25:51.227 --> 00:25:52.896
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:25:52.896 --> 00:25:55.632